World Summit on Sustainable Development


Jump to: navigation, search

World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)



The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) or Earth Summit 2002 took place in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 26 August to 4 September 2002 to discuss ways of implementing sustainable development in the world. More than 100 world leaders and thousands of NGOs, government delegates and buisness representatives attended the Summit, which was held 10 years after the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (also known as the first Earth Summit) in Rio de Janeiro. It was therefore also informally nicknamed "Rio+10"

At the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg, delegates concluding that integrated water resources management and water efficiency planning should be an essential element in all national or regional development strategies by 2005 added this target to the list of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)[1] . Indeed, over the years it has been shown that an integrated approach to water resources management (IWRM) will be critical for achieving many of the MDGs, including not only those related to health, but also to poverty and hunger eradication, education, women’s empowerment, environmental sustainability and global partnership for development. It is now recognized that inherent in the concept of IWRM are the principles of water-use efficiency, equity of access, a balance of competing uses, the application of all appropriate environmentally sound technology, and participatory planning and implementation to include all sectors of the economy and all segments of society.

Main Outcomes

Three Main Outcomes:

  1. The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development, the official declaration made by Heads of State and Government
  2. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, negotiated by governments and detailing the action that needs to be taken in specific areas
  3. Type2 Partnership Initiatives, commitments by governments and other stakeholders to a broad range of partnership activities and initiatives, adhering to the Guiding Principles, that will implement sustainable development at the national, regional and international level.

External Resources

United Nations Johannesburg Summit 2002

The UNEP website on WSSD

The Earth Summit 2002

United Nations WSSD


 Report of the WSSD.pdf

1600 Rating: 2.8/5 (60 votes cast)