An Educational Tool to Examine the Development Constraints in the Limpopo River Basin


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Publication Title

An Educational Tool to Examine the Development Constraints in the Limpopo River Basin

Publication Type

UNESCO-IHP Publication, PCCP Series, 50 p.


Ali M. Vali, Sree N. Sreenath and Gundo Susiarjo

Publication Date



Publication URL




The primary goal of our approach is to develop an educational tool for use in capacity building in the Limpopo basin region and train policy making staff.

Exercises based on this tool could be put together to develop policy targets for multinational negotiations training and for regional or national vision validation.

Consequently, in this work we are interested in understanding the development constraints of the Limpopo River basin in southeastern Africa covering the important countries of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Mozambique. A scenario-based approach is used to understand possible development scenarios of these basin countries. Conceptual and mathematical models have been built (for population, economy, food supply and demand, and water demand, supply, and use) with data from credible sources. This has been incorporated for use in the decision support system Globesight to look into possible futures. Multiple hypothetical scenarios were created and are discussed in this report. Such scenarios may be evaluated then for effectiveness based on conservation effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and desirability of implementation.



  • Gleick, P. H. 2000. The Changing Water Paradigm, A Look at Twenty-first Century Water Resources Development. Water International, 2000.
  • Irrigation Potential in Africa. FAO Land and Water Development Division.
  • IWMI (International Water Management Institute). 2000. World Water Supply and Demand 1995 to 2025. Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  • Mesarovic, M. D. et al. 1996. Cybernetics of Global Change: Human Dimension and Managing of Complexity, MOST Policy Papers 3, UNESCO.
  • Shiklomanov, I. (ed.) 1999., World Water Resources at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century, SHI (State Hydrological Institute)/UNESCO.
  • Sreenath, N. 2001. Global Modeling and Reasoning Support Tools. Oxford, UK, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS).
  • Susiarjo, G. 2000. A Systems Approach to the Assessment of Global Population Carrying Capacity: A Perspective from Food and Water. Ph.D. Thesis, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.
  • Water Related Vision for the Aral Sea Basin: For the Year 2025. 2000. UNESCO with the cooperation of the Scientific Advisory Board for the Aral Sea Basin.
  • United Nations 2000 Revision Population Projections.
  • University of New Hampshire/Global Runoff Data Center (UNH/GRDC).
  • World Resources 2000–2001. World Resources Institute.
  • World Development Indicators, World Bank.

See also

External Resources


 An Educational Tool to Examine the Development Constraints in the Limpopo River Basin.pdf

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