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Angola is part of:
Africa · Middle Africa ·
Water Basins of Angola:
Chiloango · Congo-Zaire · Cuvelia-Etosha · Kunene · Okavango · Zambezi ·
Facts & Figures edit
Capital Luanda
Neighbouring Countries Congo, Namibia, Zambia,
Total Area 1,246,700 km2
  - Water 0 km2 (0.00%) / 0 m2/ha
  - Land 1,246,700 km2
Coastline 1,600 km
Population 15,941,390 (12.8 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.484 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA n/a (1995)
Nominal GDPB $95,950 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $9,100
National UN Presence
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 35,905 km2 (2.88%)
     - Arable 33,038 km2 (2.65%)
     - Permanent Crops 2,867 km2 (0.23%)
     - Irrigated 800 km2
  - Non cultivated 342 km2 (97.12%)
Average Annual RainfallD 1010 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 184 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 0.35 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 60%
  - For Domestic Use 23%
  - For Industrial Use 17%
  - Per Capita 25 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 53%
     - Urban population 75%
     - Rural population 40%
  - Improved Sanitation 31%
     - Urban population 56%
     - Rural population 16%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends



Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Angola has the highest rate of diarrheal disease in the world with 114 years of life lost to diarrheal diseases for every 1,000 Angolans. Contaminated water, inadequate storm water drainage, and lack of even minimal sanitation facilities have resulted in high, and steadily increasing, rates of water and excreta-related diseases. Angola’s water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector has until recently remained the least developed in Africa due to four decades of persistent civil conflict. For example, some of the worst sanitation in Angola can be found in its capital, Luanda, as well as in the hillside refugee camps surounding the city where more than a million internally displaced persons still reside.

The sprawling growth of peri-urban populations continues to put stress on already feeble WSS infrastructure, which is probably not captured by statistics on urban and rural access to improved water sources or sanitation. Although Angola is on track to meet MDG targets for water supply, it is unlikely to meet targets in the rural sanitation sub-sector by 2015. Nevertheless, the Angolan government has committed to implementing an aggressive capital investment program to expand and rehabilitate WSS infrastructure as well as implement much needed institutional reforms.

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Significant WSS sector transformations began with the passage of Angola’s General Water Law in 2002 and the formation of the 2003 Water Sector Development Strategy. The Water Strategy and Law called for decentralization of WSS service delivery to autonomous provincial water and sanitation utilities (PWSUs), especially in peri-urban and rural areas.. While the streamlining of institutional reforms has fostered momentum in WSS sector development, constraints on further reforms and sustainability are due to the lack of financial, managerial, and technical capacity in the sector.

The institutional framework for WSS is undergoing significant change. Currently, the Ministry of Energy and Water (MINEA ) and Ministry of Finance (MINFIN) share responsibility of regulating WSS services, including the establishment of tariffs. MINEA handles sector planning through the National Water Directorate (DNA). A component of the new reforms calls for the creation of a regulatory agency to develop and enforce PWSU delivery standards and establishment of public enterprises for WSS service provision

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities


Recently updated articles on Angola
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Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Angola

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Building Partnerships to Assist Developing Countries to Reduce the Transfer fo Harmful Aquatic Organisms in Ship's Ballast Water (GloBallast Partnerships) ‎(5,690 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Strategic Action Programme for the Integrated Sustainable Management of the Congo river Basin ‎(3,523 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Environmental protection and sustainable management of the Okavango River Basin ‎(6,593 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Implementation of the Benguela Current LME Strategic Action Program for Restoring Depleted Fisheries and Reducing Coastal Resources Degradation ‎(2,957 views) . . Samuel Chademana
  5. Governance of Water and Sanitation in Angola's Poor Neighbourhoods ‎(3,757 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Combating Living Resource depletion and coastal area degradation in the Guinea Current LME through ecosystem-based regional actions ‎(5,670 views) . . WikiBot

Case studies in or about Angola

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5 most recently updated publications on Angola

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5 most popular publications on Angola

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Who is Who

People working in Angola

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Organizations working in Angola
  1. Permanent Okavango River Basin Water Commission ‎(1,982 views) . . WikiBot

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See also

External Resources


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