Aral Sea

From WaterWiki.net

Jump to: navigation, search
The Aral Sea Basin is part of / comprises: · Asia & Pacific · Central Asia · Eastern Asia · Europe & CIS · Southern Asia ·
Countries sharing the Aral Sea Basin: · Afghanistan · China · Kazakhstan · Kyrgyzstan · Pakistan · Tajikistan · Turkmenistan · Uzbekistan ·
Facts & Figures edit
Catchment AreaA 1,231,400 km3
Recipient
Neighbouring BasinsA Chu-Talas, Indus, Helmand, Tarim
PopulationA 43,300,000
Population DensityA 35 /km2
DischargeA 110 km3/yr
Surface Area m3
Average Depth m
Water Volume m2
Water Stress 2400 m3/person/year
Average Precipitation mm/yr
Evaporation mm/yr
Runoff 44200 mm/yr
Land Use
Irrigated Area 118000 km2
Irrigable Area 600000 km2
No. of DamsA 48
Dam Density 1.1 dams/km2
Total Water Withdrawals km3
  For Agricultural Use
  For Domestic Use
  For Industrial Use
Renewable Water Available (m3/yr/pers)
References & Remarks
A Transboundary Freshwater Spatial Database, Oregon University

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps

Latest 4 maps for / including Aral Sea (more..):

No maps (yet -> Upload some!)

Image:Aral_Sea_shrinking.gif

Contents

News

Water Basin Profile: Physical and Hydrological Characteristics

The Aral Sea basin, located in Central Asia, has undergone many changes in the recent past. The Aral Sea, the world's fourth largest lake before 1960, has been progressively drying up. With the end of the Soviet era, the international community has become aware of this problem and focused on what is considered one of the major anthropogenic environmental degradations in the world.

Water Availability in the Aral Sea Basin (Source: ENVSEC)
Water Availability in the Aral Sea Basin (Source: ENVSEC)
Higher Temperatures, More Rainfall, Increased Flood Risk

The Aral Sea basin contains over 14,752 glaciers with a total area of some 1,043 km2. The ones located in Uzbekistan account for 1.1% of the total glaciated area in Central Asia. Recent assessments indicate that the country’s glaciers and ice reserves are receding. Since 1957 the glaciers have shrunk by almost 20%, losing 104 billion m3 of water. A fluctuation in water resources ranging from -7% to +3% is forecast for the near future, which falls within the range of normal variability. An expected rise in ambient temperatures is likely to be accompanied by higher rainfall, potentially causing a 30% to 35% increase in floods by 2030. Another negative impact of increasing temperatures will be higher evaporation rates and a likely rise in agricultural water consumption of up to 10%.

Water Basin Profile: Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues

Water Basin Profile: Transboundary Political and Institutional Setting

Water Basin Profile: Emerging Challenges and Opportunities for the Future

Aral Sea - Jun 2009 (Source: Modis Rapid Response System, downloaded May 29, 2009; courtesy by Prof. Philip Micklin)
Aral Sea - Jun 2009 (Source: Modis Rapid Response System, downloaded May 29, 2009; courtesy by Prof. Philip Micklin)

A recent MODIS natural color image (May 28, 2009) of Aral Sea shows The Eastern Basin of the Large Sea - now a separate lake only connected to the Western Basin by a long, narrow channel - drying up very rapidly.

The estimate (June 2009) is that it will likely almost entirely dry up by October of this year (2009), as average depth now is less than one meter and no water is reaching it from either Amu Darya or Syr Darya Rivers (by overflow of the North Aral Sea regulating dam).
















Articles

Recently updated articles on Aral Sea
  1. Aral Sea/projects ‎(1,693 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Aral Sea/publications ‎(1,439 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Aral Sea/who is who ‎(1,644 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Aral Sea/Maps ‎(1,462 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Aral Sea/articles ‎(1,728 views) . . WikiBot
  6. UNESCO Aral Sea Basin Initiative (2003) ‎(18,895 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Image:Water Availability AralSeaBasin ENVSEC.jpg ‎(815 views) . . Juerg.staudenmann


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Aral Sea

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Aral Sea

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Regional Research Network Water in Central Asia (CAWa) ‎(4,505 views) . . Katy Unger-Shayesteh
  2. Central Asia – Regional and National Water Sector Review ‎(19,079 views) . . Juerg.staudenmann
  3. The Swiss Support to Hydro-meteorological Services in the Aral Sea basin Project ‎(2,721 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Capacity Building of Water Users for Sustainable Development in the Aral Sea Basin ‎(5,851 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Aral Sea Basin Capacity Development Project ‎(7,575 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Syr Darya Control and Northern Aral Sea Project - Phase I ‎(2,336 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Syr Darya Control and Northern Aral Sea Project - Phase II ‎(3,127 views) . . WikiBot


Case studies in or about Aral Sea

(by popularity)

  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Aral Sea Basin ‎(25,938 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Facing Water Challenges in the Aral Sea, Uzbekistan:A WWDR3 Case Study ‎(22,108 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Lessons on Cooperation Building to Manage Water Conflicts in the Aral Sea Basin ‎(7,151 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Aral Sea

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on Aral Sea
  1. Original:ST. PETERSBURG STATEMENT ON THE ARAL SEA ‎(3,137 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Suitable Water Saving Strategies for Bozkol Village in the Aral Sea Basin of Kazakhstan ‎(4,358 views) . . WikiBot
  3. St. Petersburg Statement on the Aral Sea ‎(2,509 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Aral Sea Basin Water Projects ‎(5,275 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Irrigation and Poverty in Central Asia: A Field Assessment ‎(2,493 views) . . WikiBot


5 most popular publications on Aral Sea
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Aral Sea Basin ‎(25,938 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Lessons on Cooperation Building to Manage Water Conflicts in the Aral Sea Basin ‎(7,151 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Aral Sea Basin Water Projects ‎(5,275 views) . . WikiBot
  4. International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea Action Report (2002-2008) ‎(4,810 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Suitable Water Saving Strategies for Bozkol Village in the Aral Sea Basin of Kazakhstan ‎(4,358 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Aral Sea

Who is Who

People working in Aral Sea

No results


See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Aral Sea

Organizations working in Aral Sea
  1. SIC ICWC ‎(6,271 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. IFAS ‎(18,639 views) . . Juerg.staudenmann


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Aral Sea

References

See also

Original:ST._PETERSBURG_STATEMENT_ON_THE_ARAL_SEA

External Resources

FAO-Aquastat - provides an overview about the Aral Sea basin, the causes of the drying up of the lake, the present trends and the solutions being studied by the governments of the countries of the region is presented.

Video documentation of the Aral Sea

Attachments

2294 Rating: 2.8/5 (59 votes cast)