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Azerbaijan is part of:
Asia & Pacific · Caucasus · Europe & CIS · Western Asia ·
Water Basins of Azerbaijan:
Astara Chay · Caspian · Coruh · Kura-Araks · Samur · Sulak ·
Facts & Figures edit
Capital Baku
Neighbouring Countries Turkey, Iran, Georgia, Russia, Armenia
Total Area 86,600 km2
  - Water 500 km2 (0.58%) / 58 m2/ha
  - Land 86,100 km2
Coastline 0 km
Population 8,410,801 (97 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.758 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 36.5 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $53,260 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $9,500
National UN Presence UNDP, UNHCR, WHO, UNICEF, WB
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 20,001 km2 (23.23%)
     - Arable 17,754 km2 (20.62%)
     - Permanent Crops 2,247 km2 (2.61%)
     - Irrigated 14,550 km2
  - Non cultivated 261 km2 (76.77%)
Average Annual RainfallD 447 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 30.3 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 17.25 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 68%
  - For Domestic Use 5%
  - For Industrial Use 28%
  - Per Capita 2,118 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 77%
     - Urban population 95%
     - Rural population 59%
  - Improved Sanitation 54%
     - Urban population 73%
     - Rural population 36%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including Azerbaijan (more..):



Type & Date Short Description Link
17 Oct 2008 Azerbaijan releases latest results of water pollution monitoring in Kur and Araz Rivers FIND OUT MORE

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

Azerbaijan is poor in terms of available water resources. A large part of the country, notably the Kura-Araz lowlands and the Absheron peninsula, has a significant water deficit due to low precipitation and high evaporation. This part, which houses more than 70% of the population, is completely dependent on irrigation for its agricultural production.

The Kura is the main river in the region. Its source is in Turkey, and the river and its tributaries flow through Georgia, Armenia, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Azerbaijan before discharging into the Caspian Sea. The Kura river basin covers 80% of the territory of Azerbaijan. The general absence of waste-water treatment in the river basin with a population of 11 million and economic activities results in very low water quality in the region and especially in Azerbaijan. This is a major problem, with Azerbaijan being dependant on the Kura river for more than 70% of its drinking water supply.

The coastal areas to the north and south of the Kura basin are drained by smaller rivers to the Caspian Sea. One of these is the Samur river, on the border with Dagestan (Russian Federation), which plays an important role for water supply to Baku and for irrigation of Absheron. Groundwater provides only about 5% of the total water abstraction. It plays an important role, however, for irrigation and water supply to provincial towns and rural areas, especially in the foothills of the mountain ranges.

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

(Source: Draft UN-CCA 2009)

Water supply and quality is a serious problem for agricultural and private use. It is reported that half of the enterprises surveyed are discharging pollutants into ponds at rates above the legal limit. The Kura River which is a main source of water for three quarters of the population is polluted and a regional solution is needed since it involves Armenia and Georgia. The availability of quality water has implications throughout civil society[1].

Half of households have their drinking water piped directly into the house, yard or plot. Urban households (78 percent) are much more likely than rural households (19 percent) to have piped water. In rural areas, 30 percent of households have a tube well or protected well and 15 percent obtain water from a protected stream. Almost all urban households (91 percent and half of rural households (55 percent) have drinking water available on premises. 17% percent of rural households spent 30 minutes or longer to fetch water in households with no water[2].

Seventy eight percent of households use improved sanitation facilities which are not shared with another household. Two in five households use a flush toilet connected to a pipe sewer system and a similar proportion use improved pit latrine with slab. Flush toilets are mainly used in urban areas (78 percent) and improved latrines in rural areas (68 percent)[3].

Recent measures have been taken to include constructing the Oghuz-Gabala-Baku water pipeline for Baku consumers. Water purifiers have been installed in 50 underserved villages and water and sanitation pipelines are being constructed or extended in various regions.

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities


Recently updated articles on Azerbaijan
  1. Azerbaijan National Implementation of Agenda 21 ‎(4,269 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Azerbaijan/who is who ‎(1,115 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Azerbaijan/Maps ‎(984 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Azerbaijan/articles ‎(1,284 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Azerbaijan/projects ‎(1,411 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Azerbaijan/publications ‎(1,201 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Situation in (South) Caucasus ‎(5,754 views) . . WikiBot
  8. South Caucasus Cooperation Program ‎(3,305 views) . . Katy.norman
  9. Eurasia Foundation ‎(4,018 views) . . Katy.norman
  10. Image:Caspian CC Natural Hazards ENVSEC.jpg ‎(1,220 views) . . Juerg.staudenmann

See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Azerbaijan

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Azerbaijan

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Transboundary River Management Phase II for the Kura River Basin - Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan ‎(3,902 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Reducing Trans-boundary Degradation of the Kura-Aras River Basin - SIDA/UNDP component ‎(3,634 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Promoting Replication of Good Practices for Nutrient Reduction and Joint Collaboration in Central and Eastern Europe ‎(2,991 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Regional Partnership for Prevention of Transboundary Degradation of the Kura-Aras River ‎(3,538 views) . . Katy.norman
  5. Regional Study of Impacts of Climate Change in the South Caucasus ‎(1,991 views) . . Katy.norman
  6. CEP-MSGP-Azerbaijan ‎(3,173 views) . . WikiBot
  7. CEP/Grants Projects ‎(5,502 views) . . WikiBot
  8. USAID - Water Management in the South Caucasus ‎(4,281 views) . . WikiBot
  9. Towards a Convention and Action Programme for the Protection of the Caspian Sea Environment, Phase II ‎(3,030 views) . . WikiBot
  10. SDC - Rehabilitation of the water supply in Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan 2002-2003 ‎(1,985 views) . . WikiBot
  11. SDC - Development Programme for Mountain and Highland Areas in Azerbaijan (RDPMHA), Azerbaijan 2003-2004 ‎(2,012 views) . . WikiBot
  12. Public Involvement and Establishing of an NGO Forum in the Kura-Aras River Basin ‎(7,229 views) . . WikiBot
  13. NATO Peace for Science Program - Cooperative River Monitoring, Armenia/Azerbaijan/Georgia 2003-2006 ‎(2,378 views) . . WikiBot
  14. CEP/MEG/Azerbaijan ‎(2,326 views) . . WikiBot
  15. Sustainable Management of Aquifers in the South Caucasus Region ‎(2,902 views) . . WikiBot

Case studies in or about Azerbaijan

(by popularity) No results

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Azerbaijan


5 most recently updated publications on Azerbaijan
  1. Water Quantity and Quality in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia ‎(3,315 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Environmental Performance Review Chapter 7 Water Management ‎(4,800 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Azerbaijan Progresses Toward the Achievement of the MDGs ‎(5,330 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Azerbaijan Human Development Report 2003 ‎(4,267 views) . . Katy.norman
  5. Private Sector Participation in Water Supply And Sanitation of the Secondary Towns of Azerbaijan ‎(3,720 views) . . WikiBot

5 most popular publications on Azerbaijan
  1. Azerbaijan Progresses Toward the Achievement of the MDGs ‎(5,330 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Environmental Performance Review Chapter 7 Water Management ‎(4,800 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Azerbaijan Human Development Report 2003 ‎(4,267 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Azerbaijan Country Profile for Johannesburg Summit 2002 ‎(4,063 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Private Sector Participation in Water Supply And Sanitation of the Secondary Towns of Azerbaijan ‎(3,720 views) . . WikiBot

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Azerbaijan

Who is Who

People working in Azerbaijan
  1. Mary.Matthews ‎(1,255 views)
  2. Hamidreza Ghaffarzadeh ‎(3,709 views)
  3. Tim.turner ‎(5,241 views)
  4. Melina.seyfollahzadeh ‎(2,706 views)
  5. Hamid.ghaffarzadeh ‎(4,541 views)
  6. Ardalan.sotoudeh ‎(1,518 views)
  7. Jamila.ibrahimova ‎(4,452 views)

See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Azerbaijan

Organizations working in Azerbaijan
  1. Caucasus Research Resource Centers ‎(2,934 views) . . WikiBot
  2. CAREC - Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation ‎(8,378 views) . . Katy.norman

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Azerbaijan


  1. Draft UN-CCA 2009
  2. Draft UN-CCA 2009, based on statistics from Azerbaijan 2006 DHS
  3. Draft UN-CCA 2009, based on statistics from Azerbaijan 2006 DHS

See also

External Resources

ADB-Country Water Action:Azerbaijan Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in Goychay, Agdash, and Nakhchivan

Earthtrends Azerbaijan

World Bank Azerbaijan Water Sector Review and Strategy

Asian Development Bank: Water for all by 2010 in Azerbaijan

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