Bulgaria

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Bulgaria is part of:
Balkans · Europe & CIS · South East Europe ·
Water Basins of Bulgaria:
Black Sea · Danube · Maritsa · Nestos · Rezvaya · Struma · Velaka ·
Facts & Figures edit
flag_Bulgaria.png
Capital Sofia
Neighbouring Countries Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey
Total Area 110,910 km2
  - Water 360 km2 (0.32%) / 32 m2/ha
  - Land 110,550 km2
Coastline 354 km
Population 7,745,000 (70 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.834 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 29.2 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $51,930 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $13,200
National UN Presence UNDP, UNHCR, WHO, UNICEF, WB
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 35,199 km2 (31.84%)
     - Arable 33,099 km2 (29.94%)
     - Permanent Crops 2,100 km2 (1.9%)
     - Irrigated 5,880 km2
  - Non cultivated 3,543 km2 (68.16%)
Average Annual RainfallD 608 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 19.4 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 10.5 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 19%
  - For Domestic Use 3%
  - For Industrial Use 78%
  - Per Capita 1,313 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 99%
     - Urban population 100%
     - Rural population 97%
  - Improved Sanitation 99%
     - Urban population 100%
     - Rural population 96%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including Bulgaria (more..):

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Contents

News

Type & Date Short Description Link
10 August 2005 UNICEF responds to Bulgarian Floods FIND OUT MORE

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

The territory of Bulgaria is 110 912 square kilometres. The country is characterized by rich diversity in morphological, geological, geomorphological, hydro-climatic and soil-biogenic aspect. The relief of the country is deeply indented in a vertical direction. There are six autonomous zones (lowland, plain, hill, low mountain, middle mountain and high mountain). Over two thirds of the country’s territory is situated in the zones of up to 600 metres above the sea level, i.e., predominant are plains and hilly lands. The climate of the country is mostly defined by its geographical position in the southern part of the temperate continental climatic zone and occupies a transitory position to the Mediterranean climate. The predominant plants are of the forest – steppe type. In the north and northeast, more common is the steppe vegetation and in the south – the forest plants. Forests occupy approximately 30% of the country’s territory, where ¾ of them are deciduous forests.

The hydro-geographic network of the country is rather complex and in most of the regions – quite dense, without very big rivers with the exception of the River Danube forming the northern border. These peculiarities are due to the fact that the country has a small territory, is located near sea basins (the Black Sea to the east and the Aegean Sea to the south), it has a transitional continental climate and deeply indented relief. On average the perennial flow is estimated at about 19-20 billion cubic metres and per a secured year at 75% or about 14 billion cubic metres.

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Waters Act Bulgaria

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

Articles

Recently updated articles on Bulgaria
  1. Bulgaria MDG Report Goal 7 ‎(6,027 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Bulgaria/projects ‎(1,404 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Bulgaria/publications ‎(1,040 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Bulgaria/who is who ‎(1,316 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Bulgaria/Maps ‎(802 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Bulgaria/articles ‎(1,207 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Situation in Eastern Europe and Russia ‎(12,250 views) . . WikiBot
  8. Situation in the new EU-Member/Neighbour States ‎(6,373 views) . . WikiBot
  9. Effective Water Governance: Action through Partnership in Central and Eastern Europe ‎(2,816 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Bulgaria

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Bulgaria

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies (TEST) to Reduce Transboundary Pollution in the Danube River Basin ‎(12,978 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Strengthening the Implementation Capacities for Nutrient Reduction and Transboundary Cooperation in the Danube River Basin ‎(14,098 views) . . WikiBot
  3. International Black Sea Day ‎(3,968 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Integrated River Basin Management in the Maritsa River Basin ‎(2,531 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Increasing the Sustainable Managed Agriculture Land in Bulgaria ‎(2,570 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Control of eutrophication, hazardous substances and related measures for rehabilitating the Black Sea ecosystem ‎(7,897 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Capacity and Community Building for Industrial Water Stewardship in the Danube/Black Sea region ‎(3,431 views) . . WikiBot
  8. Bulgaria - PILOT PROJECT FOR INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING OF THE TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER TUNDZHA BASIN AS A SUB-BASIN OF THE TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER MARITSA BASIN ‎(2,727 views) . . WikiBot
  9. Bulgaria - IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DIRECTIVE 2000/60/EU FOR IDENTIFYING, INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING OF THE TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER BODIES IN THE EAST AEGEAN REGION ‎(2,928 views) . . WikiBot
  10. Building national and local adaptation capacity to extreme water events in Bulgaria ‎(2,965 views) . . WikiBot


Case studies in or about Bulgaria

(by popularity)

  1. Enhancing Access to Information and Public Participation in Environmental Decision-making ‎(22,046 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Bulgaria

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on Bulgaria
  1. Rural Regions: Overcoming Development Disparities 2004 ‎(2,586 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Institutional Options for Sustainable Irrigation: Evidence from Bulgaria, Ivan PENOV (2003) ‎(2,659 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Country Reporting on the National Assessment and Consultation Process for WSSD ‎(3,943 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Bulgaria Annual Review 2003 ‎(4,982 views) . . Katy.norman
  5. Bulgaria, Sanitation Country Profile ‎(4,331 views) . . Katy.norman


5 most popular publications on Bulgaria
  1. Bulgaria Annual Review 2003 ‎(4,982 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Bulgaria, Sanitation Country Profile ‎(4,331 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Bulgaria, Freshwater Country Profile ‎(4,116 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Country Reporting on the National Assessment and Consultation Process for WSSD ‎(3,943 views) . . Katy.norman
  5. Benchmarking Workshops: A Tool for Localizing the Millennium Development Goals in Bulgaria and Russia ‎(3,777 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Bulgaria

Who is Who

People working in Bulgaria
  1. Yegor.volovik ‎(4,956 views)
  2. Veleslava.abadzhieva ‎(3,378 views)
  3. Maxim.vergeichik ‎(4,195 views)


See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Bulgaria

Organizations working in Bulgaria
  1. International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River ‎(4,768 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Bulgaria

References

See also

External Resources

UNDP Bulgaria

Bulgaria Human Development Report 2000

Ministry of Environment and Water in Bulgaria

Bulgaria Water Partnership

Bulgarian Environmental NGO’s Directory

WHO Water & Sanitation Data Bulgaria

WECF Bulgaria

WASH Bulgaria

Earthtrends Data Bulgaria


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