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edit Central Asia Water Sector Coordination Initiative (CAWSCI)
Processes | Projects | Partners

Participating partners to date:

Other potential partners and supporters (tbc): UNEP/GRID Arendal | Romania (EUWI-EECCA WG chair) | Italy | Finland | Open Society Institute | .. (additional partners continuously joining)
In Support of Governments and People of Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Tajikistan |Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan
The "Central Asia Water Sector Coordination Initiative (CAWSCI)" is aimed at facilitating a shared vision and aligned approaches among water sector partners. As such, this document is "a living document", reflecting work in progress and will be continuously updated by the Participating Partners. Certain elements of it are under development or revision, and will change in line with emerging issues, concrete processes, and activities.
All interested organizations are warmly welcome to actively participate in this process.

The goal of the Central Asia Water Sector Coordination Initiative is to map activities of the various international and regional partners involved in the water sector in Central Asia. The aim is to support information exchange and thus facilitate coordination amongst partners, projects and processes, by continuously identifying and describing:

Towards a Common Framework for Addressing Water Issues
In order to promote better alignment of (complementary) action in the water sector in Central Asia, the intended impact of the CAWSCI is to promote - and support - the creation of synergies amongst the various actors and their interventions, and to help avoid overlap or duplication through better coordination amongst participating partners of this initiative.

The long-term vision is a synchronized water sector with complementary interventions ultimately adding value for the beneficiary countries and populations, with jointly defined scopes, work divisions, and roles and responsibilities among the international and regional actors, as well as concrete collaboration in selected projects, processes or initiatives.

Why this initiative?

The need for a coordinated approach

Considering the co-existence of complementary projects and activities related to the management of water resources in Central Asia, several multi- and bilateral partners have taken a decision to work closer together, and to coordinate their approaches and projects – either ongoing or planned – in the water sector in Central Asia. The partners who engaged into the initiative and this discussion paper on “Addressing Water Issues in Central Asia” are in one way or another currently supporting the Central Asian governments towards Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), increased access to Water and Sanitation Services (WSS), and to advance the achievement of the water–related and –impacted MDGs through various programmes, projects and interventions. Some organizations are also using identical tools to address similar problems.

The need to identify the common grounds in terms of strategic approaches and intervention areas has emerged from a kick-off meeting among partners of the “Kyrgyzstan EUWI National Policy Dialogue” (see The Common Framework for Addressing Water Issues in Central Asia/Processes and Initiatives) process in Bishkek, January 2008. During that meeting, the partners initiating this process realized that in order to avoid duplication, but even more to create synergies and prepare the basis for potential future cooperation, there is a need to better align their strategies and programme development processes focusing on water issues in Central Asia. This would also respond to the request by Kyrgyz authorities for “full coordination among international development partners”.

Creating synergies and adding value for partners and beneficiaries

The participating organizations and countries have been developing this current document as basis for discussion towards two main overarching goals:

  1. To improve the information flow about strategies, programmes, project approaches, activities and plans among key partners in the water & development sector in Central Asia;
  2. To identify common grounds in terms of vision and approaches in addressing water issues in Central Asia.

This process is guided by the vision that proper synchronization and adequate structural alignment of key programmes and interventions should eventually lead to:

  • Opportunities to build on, and benefit from, each other’s activities and achievements;
  • Synchronization of interventions or resource allocations by different partners in an early phase of planning, as to promote commonly shared goals or outcomes;
  • Opportunities to
    • thematically and/or timely align activities, such as the participatory development of strategies or feasibility studies in sub-sectors
    • organize joint activities, such as for workshops or trainings
    • enter into concrete joint (sub-) projects – be it under full-fledged, cost-shared partnerships, or simply by aligning scope and work/time plans
  • Preparation of grounds for different partners to discuss roles and responsibilities, “work split”, or even shared project structures or implementation arrangements, based on their respective roles, competencies and comparative advantages
  • Establishing of a basis for joint approaches (e.g. SWAP) or programmes in the future, in close collaboration with, and support of, the Central Asian governments
  • Eventually, higher efficiency in the utilization of available (financial and capacity) resources, and mutual support to overcome barriers and constraints, towards achievement of concrete results; with the overall objective to
  • Generate added value for beneficiaries for the same level of inputs

Specific objective and scope of the paper

These considerations led to the formulation of this discussion paper, which aims at:

  1. Mapping (with short descriptions) all water-relevant on-going and planned projects and interventions in Central Asia;
  2. Identifying (or jointly formulating) shared underlying strategic approaches, common priority outcome areas and potentially overlapping programme scopes;
  3. Laying the basis for partners to identify cooperation potentials and to discuss possible agreements on joint activities or distribution of work;
  4. Identify domains or intervention areas for partners to potentially identify shared roles and responsibilities, or specific synchronized project management arrangements.

The ultimate objective of this document is to inform the discussion and support the decision-making process towards coordination of interventions and concrete, case-to-case collaboration amongst different partners in support of the Central Asian governments. Potentially, this initiative could lead towards a Sector-Wide Approach (SWAP) in the Central Asian Water Sector in the mid or long-term.

Participating Partners and their backgrounds

Click here for a portrait and more details about the participating partner and their activities.

  • EU Water Initiative (EUWI) - EECCA Working Group
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • European Commission (EC)
  • United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
  • OECD – Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force
  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
  • Switzerland - Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
  • Central Asia Regional Environmental Centre (CA-REC)
  • Germany – Ministry of Foreign Affairs / GTZ
  • World Bank – Central Asia Office (tbc)
  • Capacity Building for IWRM (Cap-Net)
  • DFID
  • Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs


The Central Asia regional context

See also: Central Asia – Regional and National Water Sector Review

The Aral Sea Basin (ASB) consists of two major River Basins:

The Central Asian countries share the Aral Sea River Basin (ASB) and its resources; they are locked in a hydrological inter-dependence that transcends national boundaries. As rainfall in the ASB is generally rather low, the runoff is generated mainly by snow and glacier melt in the mountainous upstream countries. However the arable land is mainly concentrated in the more populous downstream countries. Together the three upstream countries generate 87% of the total ASB streamflow whereas the three downstream countries, containing 80% of the CA population and 85% of ASB irrigated land, make 73% of total ASB surface water abstractions (UN 2004) .

From an “Irrigation – Environment” to the “Policy – Poverty” Nexus

With the breakup of the Soviet Union, the elaborate set of water and energy sharing agreements among the Soviet republics of Central Asia largely broke down and the previously integrated regional water and electricity infrastructure became fragmented and suffered from a lack of maintenance. With overuse and, in particular, weak management of water resources, agricultural yields stagnated or fell – and groundwater levels in the Aral Sea continued to drop precipitously. As a result the provinces around the Aral Sea, in particular the Karakalpakstan region of Uzbekistan, suffered great hardships and increases in poverty.

Against this backdrop, a water and energy situation that is difficult and tense at best during years of normal weather can quickly deteriorate into a major humanitarian, economic and political crisis for the region. The last major drought in the region, which occurred in 2000-01, affected not only the republics of the Former Soviet Union, but also Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and Mongolia, with devastating effects on the region’s agricultural production. Above-average warming and glacial retreat will likely exacerbate the water, agricultural and distributional problems in the region which is already characterized by political and social tensions over access to water and energy resources. Central Asian region loses US$1.7 billion, or 3% of GDP, annually because of inefficient water resources management. The annual decrease in agricultural production is estimated at US$2 billion; and the energy production from hydro-resources is at high risk .

While the Central Asian republics of the Former Soviet Union avoided open conflict over limited water resources, their relations have been strained. Attempts by the international community to solve the situation, foremost related to the transboundary “water-energy nexus” , showed limited success mainly due to (i) their limited scope and (ii) the “top-down” nature of approaches.

A misleading picture on the Water Supply and Sanitation situation

Water service considerations are quantity, access (proximity), quality and reliability. Households with at least 20 lcd of clean water, available within 1 km, are presently classified as having an “improved” service level. However the simple distinction between “improved” and “un-improved” water is largely illusionary to water-insecure rural households. Poor rural people often use different sources seasonally and for drinking and their personal and domestic hygiene (UNDP 2006). Sanitation service level distinctions suffer similar uncertainty.

For example in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: According to the MICS’ report current definition of “improved” drinking water sources and sanitation are at 88.2% and 96.3% (Kyrgyz) and 69.5% and 93.7% (Tajik). The Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) defines “improved” water sources to include communal standpipes or wells as well as individual yard taps or house connections. It reports Kyrgyz and Tajik water/sanitation coverage being 77/59% and 59/51% (WHO and UNICEF 2006). However the individual water coverage is only 45% and 34%, respectively. This illustrates how coverage is related to service level. Therefore there are also important issues concerning appropriate WSS service levels and coverage estimates. The JMP also notes significant disparities in access to water and sanitation: The Kyrgyz and Tajik urban/rural coverage are 98/66% and 92/48% (improved water), 75/51% and 70/45% (improved sanitation) and 79/27% and 79/20% (individual water). Thus urban areas enjoy much better coverage than much poorer rural areas.

The aim of “EUWI National Policy Dialogues

National Policy Dialogues (in the framework of the EU Water Initiative) are being carried out within the EUWI-EECCA Component of the EU Water Initiative and are the main operational instrument within this Initiative. The overall objective of National Policy Dialogues is To improve the management of water resources and contribute to achieving the water-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

The wider objectives of National Policy Dialogues are:

  • To initiate country-specific activities regarding water supply and sanitation (WSS) and integrated water resources management (IWRM);
  • To improve regulatory and administrative frameworks, help setting country priorities, identify projects and develop capacity in the EECCA region through a dialogue that, among others, involves public authorities and representatives of the civil society.

The specific objective of National Policy Dialogues on integrated water resources management (IWRM) is

  • To contribute to, and facilitate, the implementation of the principles of the EU Water Framework Directive and the UNECE Water Convention related to IWRM with a link to financing issues.

UNECE, OECD EAP Task Force – and in the framework of this programme also UNDP – act as strategic partners for EECCA countries that carry out National Policy Dialogues. The period 2007-2008 has involved Armenia (OECD/EAP Task Force and UNECE), Moldova (UNECE and OECD/EAP Task Force), Kyrgyzstan (UNDP, UNECE and OECD/EAP Task Force) and Ukraine (UNECE/OSCE).

Generally shared Objectives and Priority Outcome Areas

The aim of this Central Asia Water Sector Coordination Initiative (CAWSCI) is to support the partners identifying generally shared developing objectives and outcome areas, as to better align projects and programmes and provide a basis for considering joint efforts on complementary activities.

The ultimate goal is to generate synergy, rather than allow overlap or duplication, by coordination amongst the various actors in the water sector in Central Asia. Alignment or synchronization of their complementary interventions will eventually add value for the beneficiary countries, while providing for the partners to keep clearly defined scopes, a work division, and respective roles and responsibilities (including management arrangements).

The partnering organizations generally agree on the following commonly shared objectives for their interventions in Central Asia:

To assist Central Asian countries to
  1. Introduce and follow the principles of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and in particular to promote and assist “National IWRM and Water Efficiency Planning” processes with all its aspects and elements;
  2. Analyze the current situation and indentify opportunities and priority areas for improving water resources management – both nationally and regionally;
  3. Plan and implement required reform processes and other activities;
  4. Strengthen the capacity of the governments to plan and implement prioritized water supply and sanitation (WSS) infrastructure investments;
  5. Design and implement Integrated River Basin Plans, including the related mechanisms;
  6. Mobilize and effectively allocate financial resources for reaching water-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), while ensuring that WSS infrastructure development objectives are affordable for the population and the public budget;
  7. Build capacity of governmental and key non-governmental stakeholders at local, national, and regional level towards integrated water resources management;
  8. Promote transboundary water dialogue and cooperation amongst all of Central Asia – as well as relevant neighboring countries

To coordinate to the extent possible approaches, programmes and concrete project activities amongst the involved partner organizations and with other, active organizations and stakeholders as feasible, in order to avoid duplication and effectively and efficiently support advancing towards stated objectives and results;

To ultimately prepare the ground for a possible “Sector-Wide Approach” in the Water Sector for selected Central Asian countries in the future.

Priority Outcome Areas generally shared by participating partners of this initiative

The main areas of intervention and expected outcomes include:

  1. Improved living conditions with regard to safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for the population in Central Asia, in particular for vulnerable and disadvantaged groups (including women);
  2. Consensus on priorities and realistic development targets and interventions towards more integrated and sustainable management of available water resources;
  3. Consensus on priorities and realistic WSS infrastructure development targets, and greater access to financial resources needed to achieve MDGs on WSS;
  4. Increased user and allocation efficiency, and integrated management of available water resources in Central Asia;
  5. Enhanced regional and transboundary dialogue, and increased mutual understanding of the respective situation, priority issues and abilities, in particular with regard to any necessary changes of current water use schemes.

Generally Pursued Strategic Approaches

Areas, in which the Participating Partners share common strategic approaches, include:

Approaching transboundary and divisive themes from a national and mutually beneficial angle

The overarching strategy adopted for all activities under the Common Framework entails the careful approaching of (a) transboundary and (b) divisive issues from a national, river basin or local, as well as mutual beneficial perspective (see illustration). The intention is to build national capacities and readiness for a more integrated approach to water management (IWRM) by tackling issues and tasks located in these “easier domains”, with an aim to simultaneously, and step by step, build capacity and readiness to address transboundary and “divisive domain issues” by the governments.

Overarching Strategy
Overarching Strategy

Examples of issues that are perceived as non-divisive and/or mutually beneficial include dam safety, pro-poor WSS, small-scale hydropower, irrigation efficiency, potential threads emerging from climate change or variability, etc.

Coordination Principles among partners

Partners subscribing to this initiative are committed to share information about their programmes, projects and water sector (related) strategies, and to do their utmost to coordinate among each others and with national partners and activities to avoid overlap or duplication, and to identify opportunities for field-level coordination and cooperation. See also Objectives and Priority Outcomes

The partners of this initiative strive to meet regularly to (i) exchange information (and update the covered by this initiative), (ii) discuss specific coordination aspects or (iii) emerging initiatives, issues or any other relevant business. It is foreseen to convene at least ½-yearly informal donor coordination meetings, if possible back-to-back with another event to minimize travel and time efforts

At regional Level
This initiative is aiming solely at information mapping, analysis and exchange, facilitation of partner dialogue and coordination, and identifying potential overlap and opportunities for cooperation. This means that the “Common Framework” does not attempt to fulfill a regional coordination responsibility, but is a tool only, for whatever processes and mechanisms for coordination at interstate level may emerge.
At Country-level
The preferred mechanism for country-level coordination is the EUWI mechanism, where it exists and is active, linked to individual donor-coordination mechanisms. The five UN Resident Coordinators, supported by the UNDP Country offices, have the mandate for country-level UN-coordination.
Between specific partners or their programmes, projects or initiatives
Individual coordination, and in particular legally binding cooperation modalities between partners or activities are and will be governed employing conventional arrangements and mechanisms, such as project co-operation or co-funding, individual MoU’s between partners, the UN-framework (UNDAF), etc.

Methodological approach of EUWI NPDs

With regard to NPDs on financing WSS, the general approach is to help Central Asia countries develop a finance strategy (FS) for WSS and facilitate its implementation. This usually entails:

  1. Developing a feasible finance strategy for urban and rural WSS at national or at province level, using the FS methodology and the tools developed within the framework of the OECD/EAP Task Force; inter alia this includes an affordability analysis and recommendations on policy measures to protect the poorest sections of the population;
  2. To facilitate implementation of the financing strategy through;
    1. articulating the Financing strategy into the budgetary decision making process, through result-oriented budgeting, and the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF);
    2. ensuring its articulation with the revision of the National Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (hereafter NPRSP); and
    3. promoting improvements in governance in WSS sector and building capacity of [national] implementing agencies.
  3. To structure and facilitate a national policy dialogue on financing WSS based on the Finance strategy. Key local and international stakeholders should be involved in the dialogue. The purpose of the National Policy Dialogue (NPD) is;
    1. to build consensus and achieve agreement on realistic development targets for WSS and on the feasible scenario(s) to achieve the targets; on realistic tariff options, based on the affordability assessment of the scenario(s) for households and for the public budget; on the suggested policy package to bridge the eventual financing gap;
    2. to develop/strengthen coordination of activities undertaken by different parties involved in the WSS sector in the country and/or province in question;
    3. to communicate with all relevant stakeholder groups within the country including international stakeholders (IFIs, donors, partners, etc.).

Adaptation of IWRM Principles

The 1992 Dublin IWRM ecological principles are: independent sectoral management is not appropriate, river basins are the natural management unit, land and water need to be managed jointly and the environment needs much greater attention. The institutional principles are: all key stakeholders should participate, including the state, private sector and civil society, women need to be included and actions should be taken at the lowest appropriate level (subsidiarity). The instrument principles are that water is a scarce resource and greater use needs to be made of incentives and economic principles in improving its allocation and protecting its quality.

IWRM is sometimes confused with the “resource management” scope of the World Bank’s Water Resources Sector Strategy (World Bank 2004c). However the WB Strategy accepts IWRM can be conceptualized as a “comb”, in which the water-using sectors are the “teeth” and the resource itself is the “handle” (GWP 2000). The WB Strategy was also based on, and complements, the previous WB Policy that remains current and reflects the broader new definition of IWRM. Inter-sectoral integration is also, arguably, the main purpose of IWRM (GWP 2000). Indeed “resource management” is not an end in itself but a means of improving “service delivery”. IWRM specifically includes “service delivery”, as well as “resource management”, and IWRM Strategies include water efficiency to improve both inter and intra-sectoral management (GWP 2004).

A basic insight of the recent World Water Development Report 2 - Water a Shared Responsibility (WWDR2 - UN 2006), is that the global insufficiency of water (particularly for water supply and sanitation) is primarily driven by inefficient service delivery rather than water shortages. This implies the degree of water shortage influences the optimum balance between resource and operational management. Increasing inter-sectoral competition requires increases in resource management, and similar decreases in operational management, and visa versa. Therefore operational management and service delivery are likely to be relatively more important as only limited regions in Central Asia suffer from absolute scarcity.

Integration doesn’t mean traditional intra-sectoral decision-making is abandoned (UN 2006, GWP undated). Integration also involves dialogue between horizontal (across sectors) and vertical integration (across scales) and subsidiarity or decentralization of management to the lowest appropriate national, river basin or local level (World Bank 2004c). The degree of water shortage also influences the optimum balance of horizontal and vertical integration. Increasing sectoral competition and scarcity need proportional increases in inter-sectoral management, and decreases in intra-sectoral management and subsidiarity, and visa versa. Therefore vertical integration and subsidiarity are likely to be relatively more important for most Central Asian countries.

IWRM requires principled pragmatism, and doing a few important things well, so water quality (too dirty) and/or quantity (too much/too little) are actually improved. This requires participatory IWRM processes that facilitate informed inclusive decision-making and transparent identification, formulation and assessment to prioritize and select issues and options to address them. The WWDR2, and HDR on Beyond Scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crises (UNDP 2006), found the global water crises is less about managing absolute scarcity than improving governance. The institutional enabling environment, organizations and management instruments are important. However they are not ends in themselves, but means of solving priority IWRM challenges (GWP 2004), assessment should identify specific performance constraints and governance and institutional “re-form” should follow IWRM “function” based on priority needs.

Countries that have successfully reformed governance often started by addressing priority water challenges, associated with specific development goals, rather than with major institutional reforms (WaterWiki 2008). The Aral Sea Program, first phase investment component, also produced more tangible benefits (successful pilots that have been scaled-up) than conceptual work that generated less local ownership (World Bank 2003a).

Capacity development is the process by which individuals, organizations and societies develop abilities (individually and collectively) to perform functions, solve problems and set and achieve objectives (UNDP 2006). This is the purview of governance and management and capacity building should be an integral part of IWRM not a separate component. Substantial experience consistently indicates practical on-the-job participatory process training (learning-by-doing IWRM) is more effective than formal, didactic training.

Processes and Initiatives

Click here for a detailed description of all mapped processes and initiatives.

EUWI–EECCA Working Group

The Kyrgyzstan EUWI National Policy Dialogue (NPD)

Joint IWRM Capacity Building Programme

The Turkmenistan EUWI National Policy Dialogue

The German “Water Unites” Initiative

Central Asian Regional Risk Assessment (CARRA)

Central Asia Development Marketplace 2009 (CA DM 2009)

Programmes, Projects and Interventions

Click here for a complete and more detailed list of projects and activities

Amu Darya Assessment of Environment and Security Linkages and Impact ( )
An Action Plan for Improving Weather and Climate Service Delivery in High-Risk, Low Income Countries ( )
Bishkek and Osh Urban Infrastructure Project ( )
Bukhara & Samarquand Water Supply Project ( )
Canal Automation in Ferghana Valley ( )
Community Agriculture & Watershed Management GEF Project ( )
Community Agriculture & Watershed Management Project ( )
Cross Border Impacts of Vahksh River Basin Development ( )
Dam safety in Central Asia: capacity building and sub-regional cooperation ( )
Developing Sustainable Hydro Technology in Kyrgyzstan ( )
Development of Ili-Balkhash Basin Integrated Management Plan ( Integrated River Basin Management, Transboundary Waters)
Drainage, Irrigation & Wetlands Improvement Project - Phase 1 ( )
Dushanbe Water Supply Project ( )
East-Caspian Assessment of Environment and Security Linkages and Impact ( )
Enhancing regional exchange of water resource information (CAREWIB phase II) ( )
Establishing a dialogue involving all key stakeholders to improve implementation and sustainability of rural drinking water projects in Tajikistan ( )
Ferghana Valley Water Resource Management ( )
Ferghana Valley Water Resources Management Phase-I ( )
Ferghana Valley Water Resources Management Project ( Sector: Irrigation and drainage (80%);General ..→)
Harmonization and Approximation of Water Standards and Norms in Central Asia ( )
Improved Management of Water Resources in Central Asia II (

Water Resources Management)
Integrated Water Resources Management Ferghana Valley ( )
Karakol Water Supply Project ( )
Kazakhstan Water Sector Study TA (P090048) ( Water Sector Investment)
Local multi-sectoral efforts for the CAI Water Dialogue ( )
Microbiological safety of drinking water ( )
Municipal Infrastructure Development Project ( )
National IWRM and Water Efficiency Plan for Kazakhstan ( )
National Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and Efficiency Plan for Uzbekistan ( )
Nura River Clean-Up Project ( )
Promoting Cooperation to Adapt to Climate Change in the Chu-Talas Transboundary Basin ( Transboundary Waters, Climate Change)
Promoting IWRM and Fostering Transboundary Dialogue in Central Asia ( Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Central Asia)
Regional Environment Programme ( )
Regional Research Network Water in Central Asia (CAWa) ( The CAWa project intends to contribute to a sound scientific and a reliable ..→)
Regional Rural Water Supply Project (SDC) ( )
Roadmap of the Kyrgyz National Policy Dialogue (NPD) on IWRM ( )
Rural Enterprise Support Project II ( )
Rural Water Supply & Sanitation 2 ( Water Supply and Sanitation

Second Irrigation and Drainage Improvement Project ( Sector: Irrigation and drainage (60%); Agricultural extension and ..→)
Second On-farm Irrigation Project ( )
Small Towns Infrastructure & Capacity Building Project ( )
Syr Darya Control and Northern Aral Sea Project - Phase I ( Agriculture and Irrigation; Environment)
Syr Darya Control and Northern Aral Sea Project - Phase II ( Sector: Flood protection (40%); General agriculture, fishing and ..→)
Syr Darya Water Supply Project ( )
Tajikistan WSS Strategy ( )
The Swiss Support to Hydro-meteorological Services in the Aral Sea basin Project ( )
Ust Kamenogorsk-Environmental Remediation Project ( )
Utilities Reform Study ( )
Uzbekistan Bukhara and Samarkand Sewerage Project ( Sewerage, Water supply and Sanitation)
Uzbekistan WSS Strategy ( )
Water Flume Metres for Water User Associations ( )
Water Governance in Central Asia ( )
Water Management Improvement Project (WMIP), Kyrgyzstan ( )
Water Productivity Improvement at Plot Level ( )
Water Resources Management Project, Uzbekistan ( )
Water Sector Investment Planning Study ( )
Water Supply and Sanitation Services Investment Program – Project 1, Republic of Uzbekistan ( Water Supply and Sanitation)
Water Unites Central Asian Programme ( )
Water-Energy Nexus in Central Asia ( )
Water/Energy Dialogue ( )

Additional Information

Events / Timelines / Milestones

Will come soon

Next Steps and Expected Outputs

Will come soon


Central Asia Regional Risk Assessment

EUWI/EC (2006) National Policy Dialogues – From Work Programme to Action, Brussels;

GWP (2004) Catalyzing Change: A Handbook for Developing Integrated Water Resource Management Strategies (IWRM) and Water Efficiency Strategies

GWP (2000) Integrated Water Resources Management – TAC Background Paper No. 4;

WHO and UNICEF JMP (2006) Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Targets: The Urban and Rural Challenge of the Decade;

World Bank (2004c) Water Resources Sector Strategy: Strategic Directions for Engagement;

World Bank (2003a) Water Resources in Asia and Central Asia: Volume 1: Issues and Strategic Directions and Volume 2: Country Water Notes and Selected Transboundary Basins;

UNDP (2008) Central Asia – Regional and National Water Sector Review;

UN (2006) World Water Development Report 2 – Water a shared responsibility;

UN (2004) Strengthening Cooperation for Rational and Efficient Use of Water & Energy in Central Asia;

UNDP (2006) HDR 2006 - Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis

See also

edit  ·  Region Central Asia
  Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan


Ferghana Valley part of Europe & CIS | EECCA


Afghanistan | Pakistan | Russia | China (Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region) | India


Aral Sea Basin | Amu Darya | Syr Darya


Zarafshan | Ferghana Valley

Key resources:

Water Sector Review | CAREWIB | ADB - Donor Project Matrix on Central Asia | Report:Water, Climate, and Development Issues in the Amudarya Basin | Report: Irrigation in Central Asia: Social, Economic and Environmental Considerations

Selected external resources:

CAREWIB | ADB - About the CA Region] |

Alphabetical list of all Central Asian WaterWiki-resources

  1. ADB - Donor Project Matrix on Central Asia
  2. Adapting to Climate Change in Europe and Central Asia - World Bank Report June 2009
  3. Amu Darya
  4. Aral Sea
  5. Asia & Pacific
  6. Atrak
  7. Background Paper on Water and Health for the COP workshop Bucharest, 2008
  8. CA Water Strategy - McCauley 2004
  9. CAREC - Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation
  10. CAWSCI/Participating Partners
  11. CAWSCI/Processes and Initiatives
  12. CAWSCI/Programmes, Projects and Interventions
  13. Caspian
  14. Central Asia
  15. Central Asia HDR 2005 - Chapter 4: Water, Energy and the Environment
  16. Central Asia Regional Environmental Action Plan
  17. Central Asia Regional Environmental Action Plan for Water Pollution
  18. Central Asia Regional Risk Assessment
  19. Central Asia/Maps
  20. Central Asia/articles
  21. Central Asia/projects
  22. Central Asia/publications
  23. Central Asia/who is who
  24. Chu-Talas
  25. Compliance and Performance in International Waters - Central Asia
  26. Compound Crisis in Tajikistan
  27. Emergency Rehabilitation of Rural Water Supply Systems in Khatlon and Sughd Regions of Tajikistan
  28. Environmental Management in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
  29. Establishment and improvement of Joint Bodies in countries in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia
  30. Europe & CIS
  31. Facing Water Challenges in the Aral Sea, Uzbekistan:A WWDR3 Case Study
  32. Ferghana Valley
  33. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan
  34. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan/FEASIBLE
  35. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan/applying the feasible
  36. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan/baseline szenarios
  37. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan/bibliography
  38. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan/country background
  39. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan/socio-economic context
  40. Financing Rural WSS in Tajikistan/water-policy context
  41. First Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters in the UNECE Region
  42. GWP-CACENA 2009 Regional Review on WSS
  43. GWP/publications
  44. Hari-Harirud
  45. Hydro-hegemony in the Amu Darya Basin
  46. ICWC
  47. IFAS
  49. IWRM in Central Asia
  50. IWRM in Central Asia and Caucasus
  51. Ili-Balkhash
  52. Ili-Kunes He
  53. Image:CA TarnsboundaryBasins WB.jpg
  54. Image:Central Asia Region Map.jpg
  55. Image:Leaflet Promoting IWRM in CA.pdf
  56. Image:SDC Regional Water Sector update Central Asia 01.21.2008.doc
  57. Image:WWDR3AralSea.png
  58. Image:Wegerich 2009 Shifting to hydrological boundaries.PDF
  59. International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea Action Report (2002-2008)
  60. Irrigation and Poverty in Central Asia: A Field Assessment
  61. Irrigation in Central Asia: Social, Economic and Environmental Considerations
  62. Isfara
  63. Joint Bodies in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia
  64. Joint Bodies in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia/Competence, functions and tasks
  65. Joint Bodies in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia/Cooperation
  66. Joint Bodies in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia/Organization, rules of procedure & decision-making
  67. Joint Bodies in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia/Public participation and Financing
  68. Kazakhstan
  69. Kazakhstan Country Profile for Johannesburg Summit 2002
  70. Kazakhstan MDG Report 2002
  71. Kazakhstan National HDR 2004
  72. Kazakhstan National IWRM and Water Efficiency Plan Concept Note
  73. Kazakhstan Water Partnership
  74. Kyrgyzstan
  75. Kyrgyzstan - Support to Integrated Water Resources Management Planning in Central Asia
  76. Kyrgyzstan Action Program to 2010
  77. Kyrgyzstan Country Profile for Johannesburg Summit 2002
  78. Kyrgyzstan Millennium Development Goals Progress Report
  79. Lake Ubsa-Nur
  80. Lessons on Cooperation Building to Manage Water Conflicts in the Aral Sea Basin
  81. Meeting the Environment Millennium Development Goal in Europe and Central Asia
  82. Murgab
  83. National Policy Dialogue on Financing Strategy for Urban and Rural Water Supply and Sanitation in the Kyrgyz Republic
  84. Nura
  85. Ob
  86. Oral-Ural
  88. Politics of Water in Post-Soviet Central Asia
  89. Pu Lun To
  90. RBEC Background Paper for G12 on Regional Seas Programmes
  91. Regional Cooperation for Human Development and Security
  92. Roadmap of the Kyrgyz NPD on Financing Urban and Rural WSS in Kyrgyzstan
  93. SIC ICWC
  94. SIC ICWC/publications
  95. Shifting to hydrological boundaries – The politics of implementation in the lower Amu Darya Basin
  96. Siegfried Leffler
  97. Situation in Central Asia
  98. Small hydropower in Central Asia
  99. Special Programme on the Economies of Central Asia
  100. Speedup of the Integrated Water Resources Management Objectives-2005 Implementation in Central Asia
  101. St. Petersburg Statement on the Aral Sea
  102. Status and importance of water-relevant international legal instruments for the 5 Central Asian countries
  103. Status and plans of EECCA countries in fulfilling the WSSD target on IWRM-plans by 2005
  104. Swiss Water Strategy for Central Asia 2002-2006
  105. Syr Darya
  106. Tajikistan
  107. Tajikistan - HRBA to Water Governance desk review - June 2008
  108. Tajikistan Early Warning Indicator Report
  109. Tajikistan Millennium Development Goals Report 2003
  110. Tarim
  111. Template:CAWSCI
  112. Template:IWRM in Central Asia Toolkit
  113. Template:WSS in Central Asia Toolkit
  114. Transboundary Water Disputes in Central Asia: Using Indicators of Water Conflict in Identifying Water Conflict Potential
  115. Turkmenistan
  116. Turkmenistan/sector assessment
  117. UNDP 2003: Water-related legal and institutional structures in Central Asia
  118. UNESCO Aral Sea Basin Initiative (2003)
  119. UNRCCA
  120. Ural
  121. User:Christina.carlson
  122. Uzbekistan
  123. Vahksh
  124. Variability and Predictability of Central Asia River Flows - Antecedent Winter Precipitation and Large-Scale Teleconnections
  125. WATER for Life -EU Water Initiative. Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Component
  126. WSS
  127. Water Conflict and Cooperation in Central Asia
  128. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Aral Sea Basin
  129. Water Energy Nexus in Central Asia
  130. Water Resources in Europe and Central Asia
  131. World Bank Report - Millennium Development Goals: Progress and Prospects in Europe and Central Asia
  132. Zarafshan

External Resources

"Water Atlas" - database of water-related organizations at CAWATERinfo


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