China

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China is part of:
Asia & Pacific · Eastern Asia ·
Water Basins of China:
Amur · Aral Sea · Bei Jiang-Hsi · Beilun · Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna · Har Us Nur · Huang He · Ili-Balkhash · Indus · Irrawaddy · Mekong · Ob · Pu Lun To · Red-Song Hong · Salween · Sujfun · Tarim · Tumen · Yalu ·
Facts & Figures edit
flag_China.png
Capital Beijing
Neighbouring Countries Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam
Total Area 9,596,960 km2
  - Water 270,550 km2 (2.82%) / 282 m2/ha
  - Land 9,326,410 km2
Coastline 14,500 km
Population 1,323,324,000 (138 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.762 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 46.9 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $4,222,000 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $6,100
National UN Presence FAO, UNDP, WHO, UNICEF, WB, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNEP, UNESCAP
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 1,504,350 km2 (16.13%)
     - Arable 1,385,905 km2 (14.86%)
     - Permanent Crops 118,445 km2 (1.27%)
     - Irrigated 545,960 km2
  - Non cultivated 7,842 km2 (83.87%)
Average Annual RainfallD mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 2,829.60 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 630.29 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 68%
  - For Domestic Use 7%
  - For Industrial Use 26%
  - Per Capita 495 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 77%
     - Urban population 93%
     - Rural population 67%
  - Improved Sanitation 44%
     - Urban population 69%
     - Rural population 28%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including China (more..):

Contents

News

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

On a national scale, increasing water consumption due to the booming economy has led to water shortages. Consequently, the central government has increased its investment in the water sector and enacted legislation to alleviate water scarcity and assure continued economic growth. Many laws were passed in the 1990s, such as the Water Law, the Soil and Water Conservation Law, the Flood Control Law, the Environmental Protection Law, the Fishery Law, the Forestry Law and the Mineral Resources Law. Some related administrative rules and regulations for water management were also promulgated. In 2002, a new Water Law, emphasizing integrated water resources management, was passed. It has paved the way for a transition from engineering-dominated and demandbased development to a resource-oriented strategy that focuses on water availability.

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

Articles

Recently updated articles on China
  1. China/Maps ‎(1,074 views) . . WikiBot
  2. China/articles ‎(1,526 views) . . WikiBot
  3. China/projects ‎(1,459 views) . . WikiBot
  4. China/publications ‎(1,295 views) . . WikiBot
  5. China/who is who ‎(1,365 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Image:Central Asia Region Map.jpg ‎(2,041 views) . . Juerg.staudenmann
  7. Category:Ili-Kunes He ‎(2,049 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on China

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about China

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Building Partnerships to Assist Developing Countries to Reduce the Transfer fo Harmful Aquatic Organisms in Ship's Ballast Water (GloBallast Partnerships) ‎(5,341 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Reducing Environmental Stress in the Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem ‎(3,327 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Improved Water Resources Management and Drinking Water Safety in Rural Regions of China ‎(2,535 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of the East Asia (SDS-SEA) ‎(4,426 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Development of Ili-Balkhash Basin Integrated Management Plan ‎(3,463 views) . . WikiBot


Case studies in or about China

(by popularity)

  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Aral Sea Basin ‎(25,418 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Facing Water Challenges in the Yellow River Basin, China: A WWDR3 Case Study ‎(22,762 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Mekong River Basin ‎(20,675 views) . . Adriana.miljkovic
  4. Mekong Case Study ‎(11,797 views) . . Katy.norman
  5. Lessons on Cooperation Building to Manage Water Conflicts in the Aral Sea Basin ‎(7,021 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in China

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on China
  1. Human rights, water and China’s autonomous regions ‎(21,238 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Water stress, Water Transfer and Social Equity in Northern China: Implications for Policy Reforms ‎(1,541 views) . . WikiBot
  3. The Status of the South to North Water Transfer Plans in China ‎(1,800 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Access to Water and Sanitation in China: History, Current Situation and Challenges ‎(2,565 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Mekong River Basin ‎(20,675 views) . . Adriana.miljkovic


5 most popular publications on China
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Aral Sea Basin ‎(25,418 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Human rights, water and China’s autonomous regions ‎(21,238 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Mekong River Basin ‎(20,675 views) . . Adriana.miljkovic
  4. Mekong Case Study ‎(11,797 views) . . Katy.norman
  5. Lessons on Cooperation Building to Manage Water Conflicts in the Aral Sea Basin ‎(7,021 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on China

Who is Who

People working in China

No results


See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in China

Organizations working in China
  1. CAREC - Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation ‎(8,137 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in China

References

See also

External Resources

"Water Supply and Sanitation in China" on wikipedia


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