Community-based Integrated Coastal Zone Management for enhanced agricultural biodiversity and improved rural livelihood in Amlakpo, Adodoajikope, Asigbekope and Kenya in the Dangbe East District


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Project ID

Project Title

Enhancing water Governance in Kenya through a Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA)


Focus Areas

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners


Total: $24,000;

Sources of Financing: GEF SGP


2008 - 2009



Project website(s)




The Dangbe East district is located at the Eastern part of the Accra region. It shares common boundaries with north Tongu District in the north, South Tongu District and Dangbe West Districts at the east and west respectively. At the south is the Gulf of Guinea which stretches over 45 kilometers. The district covers a total land area of about 909 sq. km. The district form part of the central portion of the Accra plains depicting a topography that is generally gentle undulating. The average rain fall is about 750 mm. The vegetation is basically coastal savanna characterized by short savanna grass interspersed with shrubs and short trees. The district is associated with the internationally designated Ramsar site – Songhor lagoon (wetland site) and Volta river estuary. Other major water bodies found in the district include Akplaba, Lahue, Ke, Taliba and Kajah Rivers. Mangrove exploitation is prominent in Adodoajikope, Amlakpo and its environs. About 75% of the people are farmers with 15% engaged in agro-trade .The main sources of energy in the communities for lighting is firewood (55%). The underlying causes of wetland degradation are indiscriminate felling of mangrove for fuel wood, hunting activities leading to species extinction. The effect of these activities leads to loss of biodiversity and low soil fertility leading to abject poverty. Other socio-economic activities found among the people include vegetable production and cattle rearing. It is believed that as many as 10,000 cattle were reared in the project communities.

The proposed project site Amlakpo, Adodoajikope and its environs is part of the coastal zone of Dangbe East District that has received little or no attention over the period. The pattern of natural resource use, particularly mangrove exploitation and degradation of wetlands in Kenya, Asigbekope Amlakpo, Adodoajikope and its environs has been unsustainable. The mangrove forest has fallen prey to variety of encroachments largely by individuals and community users. The mangrove forest found within the project area is the primary resources of primary importance for the livelihood of the people of the area. Over 75% of the land under mangrove has been destroyed due to indiscriminate feeling. The underlying cause of the problem is poverty. The type of mangrove species has been destroyed are the RHIZOPHORA SP (RED MANGROVE) and AVICENNIA SP (WHITE MANGROVE). The problem persists due to breakdown of community rules and regulations and ignorance on the part of communities on the consequences of their actions on the environment. The barrier to traditional environmental protection has seriously been weakened. The project area is under the treat of biodiversity loss and climate change.

In the past when community rules and regulations were held in high esteem, biodiversity of the area including mangrove forest population flourished. During the time, different species of herbs were easily accessible for herbal formulation and administration. Modernity as well as religious beliefs has eroded the strong traditional beliefs that used to protect the environment. All the taboos that helped protect the environment can scientifically be explained now. If the current trend of events continues the district could lose the potentials of its ecology which could consequently affect productivity, exacerbate famine and perpetuate poverty.

The overall goal of the project is to contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable coastal zone management for livelihood improvement in Dangbe East District, and to enhance the capacities of cooperative groups in Amlakpo, Asigbekope Kenya and Adodoajikope to restore degraded coastal wetlands Songor RAMSAR sites in the Dangbe East District

Expected project outputs
  1. Farm-based organizations in Dangbe East District trained in sustainable coastal wetland management.
  2. Farmer based organization supported to replant degraded of the Songhor Ramsar site in the Dangbe East District
  3. Project beneficiaries supported to invest in livelihood support enterprises

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Lessons for Replication



See also

Related projects in Ghana
  1. Managing the Threat of Floating Aquatic Weeds and Restoring the Vegetation Cover of Lower Volta Basin to Conserve Biodiversity of the Volta River in the Torgome Traditional Area in The North Tongu District Of The Volta Regions
  2. Kunyukuo solar water supply, and ecological sanitation management systems, Ghana
  3. Integrated Project on Aquatic Weeds Management for the Protection of International Waters and Sustainable Land management in the Lower Volta Basin Area of Tsetsekpo and Sayikope communities
  4. Integrated Community-Based Biodiversity Conservation Reforestation of degraded lands, and sustainable fisheries development in Fievie Community and along the Volta River, Ghana
  5. Golinga community integrated solar water supply, and sanitation management systems, Ghana
  6. Developing Community Network For Sustainable Land Management And Poverty Reduction In The Gburumani – Dimabi Traditional Area Of The Tolon Kumbugu District
  7. Community-based biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of Mamdowodindo and Nana Busua Wetlands/lagoons in the Ahanta West District, Ghana
  8. Access to Water and Sanitation in Ghana for Persons with Disabilities: Findings of a KAP Survey
  9. Abriem Community Integrated water supply and sanitation management systems, Ghana
Related projects in Kenya
  1. Water and sanitation services reforms in Kenya
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  3. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  4. The Human Right to Water:Translating Theory into Practice
  5. Protecting springs, and providing clean spring water to Maji Moto Town, Kenya
  6. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  7. Naibunga Conservance Rock Water Harvesting Project
  8. Micro hydro plants in Kenya
  9. Mainstreaming Groundwater Considerations into the Integrated Management of the Nile River Basin
  10. Local Responses to State Water Policy Changes in Kenya and Madagascar
  11. Lake Jipe Conservation Project, Tanzania
  12. Laikipia Rainwater Project
  13. Koseo Spring Protection
  14. Kimotony Water Spring Protection Project
  15. Kapmuyebet Community Based Organization Project
  16. Kailer Community Development Project
  17. Integrated Water Supply and Improved Sanitation in Rural Schools in Ngarua Division, Laikipia District.
  18. Enhancing Water Governance in Kenya through a Human Rights Based Approach
  19. Combined household water treatment and indoor air pollution projects in urban Mambanda, Cameroon and rural Nyanza, Kenya
  20. Cheptolili Self-Help Dam Project
  21. Agulhas and Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystem (ASCLME) Project

External Resources


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