Completion of drilling in the village Ngolofala, in the cirle Kati


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Project ID


Project Title

Completion of drilling in the village Ngolofala, in the cirle Kati


Freshwater, Water Supply and Sanitation

Focus Areas

International Waters

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners

Grantee: Association de Soutien aux Initiatives Communautaires - ASIC (Non-government Organization)


Total: $14,279


7/2009 - 12/2010


Project website(s)




Summary This project involves the completion of a drilling to facilitate access to safe drinking water for people, the watering of livestock and contributes to the fight against land degradation in the village N'golofala (commonunity Yélékébogou, in the circle Kati) and to the implementation of approaches, principles and concepts appropriate for the sustainable development of water supply and sanitation especially in the field of operations and management of drinking water infrastructure and sanitation in rural areas. These activities are part of the implementation of a sector development program of the municipality. They are from the strategic direction of the MALI AVDEM to contribute to the promotion of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) at the local level. This proposal has the aim to support local authorities and populations not only in finding solutions to serious problems of water supply but also to offer a voice and means for the rational use of resources.

Context The development of an action plan by Mali for access to drinking water for the period 2004-2015 can overcome the development challenges associated with a lack of water. This plan helps achieve the Millennium Development Goals of halving the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water by 2015. Regarding the development of water resources there is significant progress in the access to sources of drinking water both in the urban and rural areas. Indeed, the proportion of rural population with access to improved water sources (tap, standpipe, borehole, large diameter wells) increased from 36.0% in 1991 to 54.1% in 2002. The increase was greater in urban areas - the percentage increased from 38.0% in 1991 to 83.2% in 2002. This trend continued because in 2006, 78.5% of Malian households consumed drinking water, with 95.4% of households in urban areas against 68.4% of households in rural areas (source: ELIM 2006). However, according to key findings from the First Report of Monitoring the Implementation of MDGs in Mali (2005), the country has, at the current pace for the implementation of policies and strategies for program implementation and development projects, a low chance of achieving all the MDGs by 2015. Nevertheless, in areas such as: food self-sufficiency, universal primary education and access to drinking water, there is hope as long as the efforts already made are maintained and even intensified, when development partners in Mali can meet their commitments. The development and implementation of the Ten Year Plan from 2006-2015 to achieve the MDGs in Mali could therefore be the trigger that will reverse the trend by 2015.

The rural community of Yélékébougou is one of the poorest communes in Mali and does not have enough modern water points. The lack of drinking water for nearly 80% of the population is affecting the lives of people severely and has consequences for education, health, and improved revenues. This project is a response to the solicitation of the people and authorities of the municipality to facilitate access to safe drinking water, particularly for the food needs of people and livestock and to fight against land degradation. Indeed, the people of the project area need 2 to 5 hours a day to collect drinking water depending on how long the way is (3-6 km). Children, especially girls are kept out of school to fetch water, but the water is collected under poor sanitatary conditions causing diarrhea, malaria, guinea worm and other waterborne diseases. The loss of daily time to collect water is estimated at a worth of $ 20 per person. About 60% of children suffer from common water-borne diseases and nearly 60% of the health costs are due to waterborne diseases. As the area is located on an axis of transhumance from regions north of the country. The few existing water points in the area are the envy of transhumant and local populations, often resulting in violent conflicts over access to water in the village. Also, in the villages families, who have wells, refuse to share with others. That is prompting some interfamilial conflicts that lead, at the best, to one party leaving the village. The issue of water is raised on every occasion at the meetings between village elders, government and development partners.

The choice of drilling in the village is justified by the conjunction of several constraints which it suffers, among other things: the early drying of water points (traditional wells, ponds), the difficulty of farming due to the problem of fetching drinking water (women have to fill up water from distant points of 3 and 6 km) , the increase in diarrheal diseases, the digging of temporary wells each year, the lack of drillings in the village, a lack of green space,the rampant land degradation and the multitude of conflicts around water points.

Specific Objectives: Meet the needs of the population in the commune Yélékébougou in both quantity and quality of drinking water and make a lasting contribution to protecting the environment for the development of the commune.

Activities and strategies: Completion of the engineering and environmental studies: a study on the feasibility of the drilling was done by the National Directorate of Water. This study provides all the elements for satisfactory completion of the drilling; Recruitment of a host: a trained facilitator will be hired to provide activities for sensitization and information around the project.

Organization and sensitization of the public: Information sessions will be organized and awareness of the harmful effects of unsafe water and good sanitary and environmental conditions around the drilling tower raised.

Establishment of management committees: a management committee will be established in the village. The committee members will be trained in water hygiene and organizational measures for the sustainability and ongoing maintenance of the borehole.

The recruitment of a company: will be done by AVDEM MALI via a restricted call for proposals. The company will act as a support structure or client representative

The completion of the drill: It will be done by the company with the effective participation of beneficiaries. The work will be supervised by AVDEM MALI assisted by a specialized consulting firm. The unskilled labor will be provided by the inhabitants as well as the hosting of company personnel. Capacity building of beneficiaries (members of the management committees and the inhabitants): training will be given to five (5) committee members and sixty (60) people in the village for two days each. The training will be on water sanitation and the maintenance of the drilling for members of the Management Committee and hygienic water and environmental protection for the other participants of the village. Installation of a trough: to allow the cattle to drink, a trough will be constructed and supplied with water from the borehole. Tree planting and natural regeneration: as a start, a space around the drill to plant trees that later will become a green space will be developed. This plantation will mainly consist of local species. Outreach activities already undertaken by the AVDEM MALI made the people aware, so that they undertake activities such as construction of stone bunds. This construction will be reinforced by a cordon of plant species which are very effective in fixing the soil against erosion. People, who will be trained in techniques of environmental protection, will be supported by an experienced water and forests technician. In the nurseries around the borehole plants will be produced and serve to enrich the flora. One of the five trainees will be selected as pilot nurse and benefit from the support equipment. AGR Development: With the availability of water through the construction of the drilling, the project will be a factor in the development of market gardening and arboriculture. To do this, women who had abandoned gardening because of a lack of water, will be helped back in the business by receiving three (3) days of new training techniques for market gardening. These women with a number of sixty (60) will receive seeds, wire guards and appropriate space for gardening.

This activity will not only reduce pressure on natural resources, mainly exerted by the women but also increase their sources of income. The activity will involve at least 1000 women in the village. Monitoring / Evaluation: During the execution of weekly meetings, to be held regularly, involving members of the Management Committee and the AVDEM MALI. They will make an assessment of the work to identify challenges and adopt strategies for solutions. During the project, the company will present a progress report that will be covered by AVDEM MALI and the inhabitants. AVDEM MALI prepares a monthly financial partner to transmit it along with those of the company. The City Council will be heavily involved in the management of drilling and monitoring activities, technical services for health and nature conservation. The City Council, involved in the identification of this project, will be fully empowered in the monitoring activities. It may at any time make suggestions to facilitate the achievement of objectives. It attends all the technical services for the whole evaluation process (to put term and final) of the project.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Achieved results:

Products: technical data about the site of the drilling exist, data on the environmental assessment of the drilling exist, a company is selected for the construction of the drilling, a drill is constructed in the town, conflicts related to water are decreased in the village, skills for the management of drilling exist in the village, spaces for drilling exist in the commune. Effects: The availability of permanent drinking water is effective throughout the year, diarrheal diseases caused by surface water are eradicated, livestock water is provided throughout the year, the time to fetch water is reduced, the income sources of women are diverssified, the number of children succeeding in school has increased, environmental culture is improved. Impacts: The population of the commune uses the source of their drinking water in a sustainable manner in quantity and quality and has a culture of environmental protection.

Lessons for Replication


See also

External Resources


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