Crimea Integration and Development Programme


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Project ID

Project Title

The Crimea Integration and Development Programme / Component (and pilot project) on WSS Infrastructure and Services


Focus Areas

Geographic Scope

Ukraine / Crimea

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners

Government of Crimea/Rescomnats


2,193 Mio. (435k Governmental)


2001 - 2005


Pilot project completed, Replication phase in planning

Project website(s)




The Water Infrastructire Pilot Initiative: As in many rural villages in Crimea, both pilot settlements identified reliable drinking water supplies and adequate water for home gardening (irrigation) as overwhelming priorities. Since more than 80% of the active population is unemployed, gardening is the main source of income for the majority of the households. This untenable situation has aggravated poverty and has naturally increased the potential for conflict by fuelling sentiments of frustration and despair amongst the 800 inhabitants of the two communities.

The main aim of the pilot projects of Sevastyanovka and Tenistoye was to create an attitude of self-confidence within the communities. Since rural communities (and in particular FDPs) tended to wait for the central government to improve their situation, the pilot projects aimed at assisting both target communities to realise that they can do a great deal on their own, without outside help. This new attitude amongst the majority of the population could be created by strictly adhering to the concept of community participation through social mobilisation.

From 2001 to June 2005, 13 water supply projects were implemented in Belogorskii, Simferopolskii, Bakhchisaraiskii and Pervomaiskii regions and the city of Simferopol though contracting construction organizations. 2 projects are ongoing at present. Total number of beneficiaries of these projects is 29,177 people, out of them 12,904 are FDPs. Total projects cost amounted to US$ 2,193,650 out of which the Government of Crimea/Rescomnats contributed US$ 435,960.

--> See also Ukraine - Lessons from Community Based Approaches in Water Supply Projects for Multi-ethnic Neighbourhoods in Crimea

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Lessons for Replication

--> See also Broshure on Lessons Learned

The most important lesson learned from the pilot initiatives is that meaningful community involvement through social mobilisation can lead to positive changes in attitude - even in the complex environment of post-soviet Crimea. Attitudes can be changed so that communities are able to take stock of their own situation, identify their own needs, set their own priorities and decide what resources they can contribute towards the solution of their own problems.

With respect to observations made several years ago, the opinions of public authorities at national, regional and local levels towards CIDP and its approaches have shifted considerably. The new orientation towards real community involvement is increasingly seen as a viable approach (if not the only approach) for improving the desperate conditions prevalent in most rural villages - and particularly in FDP compact settlements. Nowadays, community participation is not just accepted but is actively and sometimes even enthusiastically supported by regional administrations and village councils throughout the Crimea.

This growing awareness is currently contributing to mainstream community involvement in planning and decision-making processes throughout the Crimea; it favours a gradual scaling up of the approach as it reaches influential decision-makers at the policy level. CIDP has been invited by the Republican Committee for Housing and Communal Services that is responsible for operation and maintenance of communal infrastructure to take an active role in the finalisation of a key policy paper.

At the project level CIDP combines technical know-how with social competence. As a result, technically sound water supply facilities have been constructed in the two pilot communities with substantial contributions made by the communities themselves. The communities can now rectify problems such as system leakage independently, right on the spot.

The new orientation towards real community involvement is increasingly seen as a viable approach for improving the desperate conditions prevalent in most rural villages: In both pilot communities, the establishment of community organisations has helped to overcome prejudices and inter-ethnic relations have greatly improved. With the advent of social mobilisation, people interact and work side by side on their priority projects. The communities feel overwhelmingly proud about their achievements. After just a few months of operation, they already realise that the new service has substantially changed their lives for the better.
Although the processes promoted by CIDP were followed during preparation, construction, operation and maintenance, the communities had to make their own adjustments regarding cost recovery. The fact that both communities were able to resolve cost recovery problems shows that even in the specific socioeconomic context of the Crimea, the concept of community participation/involvement through social mobilisation works.

Even in the specific socio-economic context of the Crimea, the concept of community participation/involvement through social mobilisation works: The CIDP pilot approach is now being applied right across CIDP and is gradually being introduced in all UNDP projects in Ukraine. The conceptual framework, the social mobilisation process and the implementation mechanisms have been described in a comprehensive user manual.

The May 2004 evaluation quoted the chairman of a participating village council as follows: "In the past, I felt extremely uncomfortable going into open meetings with local communities. Most of the time would invariably be spent listening to biting criticism of the administration. Shouting was common, and in the end we would leave without having accomplished anything. Now, I meet with elected representatives of communities. They are well prepared, they propose specific projects and they indicate their own contributions, which are usually substantial. Shouting has given way to listening".

Further steps

The CO is planning:

  1. an up-scaling project (go to: Reforming Municipal Water Supply Systems in Rural Areas of Crimea for more..)
  2. a Replication phase of this pilot project; see 2-pager:


See also

External Resources


 CIDP info (English).doc  CRIMEA water supply systems - SDC.pdf  CIDP SDC credit proposal report Oct04.doc  CIDP TICA 2004 report.doc  TICA 2004 ANNUAL REPORT DRAFT(20 Jan 2004).doc  CRIMEA replicating rural water supply projects 2-pager.pdf

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