Czech Republic

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Czech Republic is part of:
Eastern Europe · Europe & CIS ·
Water Basins of Czech Republic:
Danube · Elbe · Oder-Odra · Vistula-Wista ·
Facts & Figures edit
flag_Czech_Republic.png
Capital Prague
Neighbouring Countries Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
Total Area 78,866 km2
  - Water 1,590 km2 (2.02%) / 202 m2/ha
  - Land 77,276 km2
Coastline 0 km
Population 10,403,136 (132 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.897 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 25.4 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $217,200 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $26,800
National UN Presence n/a
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 32,317 km2 (41.82%)
     - Arable 29,999 km2 (38.82%)
     - Permanent Crops 2,318 km2 (3%)
     - Irrigated 240 km2
  - Non cultivated 115,485 km2 (58.18%)
Average Annual RainfallD 677 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 16 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 2.58 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 2%
  - For Domestic Use 41%
  - For Industrial Use 57%
  - Per Capita 251 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 100%
     - Urban population 100%
     - Rural population 100%
  - Improved Sanitation 98%
     - Urban population 99%
     - Rural population 97%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including Czech Republic (more..):

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Contents

News

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

The Czech Republic is an important water divide between basins of three large European rivers (Elbe, Oder and Danube) flowing to three different seas (North, Baltic Sea and Black Sea). The country has 15.3 thousand km of water streams which are categorised as significant for water management. The water resources of the country are mainly recharged by atmospheric precipitation (the long-term annual average is 693 mm) and are therefore regarded as relatively uncertain. Exploitable resources make 30 to 50% of the total resources. The annual precipitation moderately exceeds the annual evapotranspiration (the long-term annual average is 500 mm). The averal annual inflow of water from other countries is only 9 mm while the average annual outflow to other countries is 203 mm.

Water Pollution

Due to the highly developed industry and agriculture in the Czech part of the Morava River basin, rivers in the region serve as recipients of both urban and industrial waste water effluents. They also transport diffuse pollution loads, containing organic matters and nutrients originating chiefly in agriculture. Together with low flows in rivers, this poses higher requirements on the quality of discharged waste water, and the whole basin has been declared as a sensitive area.

In the Czech part of the Danube River Basin there are about 1,800 municipalities and approximately 79% of inhabitants are connected to wastewater treatment plants. Agriculture is the biggest source of nutrients and contributes more than 65% of the total load of nitrogen emissions into surface waters. Agriculture also contributes 30% of the total rate for phosphorus. Several important measures have been implemented to improve the situation: rehabilitating watercourses, increasing protection of existing waters and wetlands and ending unfavourable agricultural practices. [1]

On an average, the reliable sources of surface water amount to 4796 million m3/year while the exploitable groundwater sources can give 1339 m3/year. After the increase of prices and the restructuring of industrial and agricultural production between 1990 and 1997 there was a significant decrease of water consumption. The specific water consumption of households is now by about 10% below, the average of EU. It follows from it that the water consumption in agriculture (including irrigation)only represents about 1% of the total water consumption.

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

The Government of Albania has begun the preparation of a National Water Strategy (with funding by the EU) to set out polices on the efficient management and protection of water resources, and to specify an appropriate legal framework for the management of water resources. However, the lack of adequate monitoring systems, the rapid changes in economic activities, and the continuous movements in population make it difficult to assess the use of water resources. Available data suggests that irrigation and mining rely mostly on surface water, while households and industry on groundwater from aquifers. Domestic water demand is increasing not only because of population growth but also because of the increase in the level of water losses, estimated to be greater than 50 percent in all cities.

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

Articles

Recently updated articles on Czech Republic
  1. Czech Republic, Sanitation Country Profile ‎(3,806 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Czech Republic/projects ‎(1,281 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Czech Republic/publications ‎(1,222 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Czech Republic/who is who ‎(1,079 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Czech Republic/Maps ‎(838 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Czech Republic/articles ‎(1,327 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Situation in Eastern Europe and Russia ‎(11,842 views) . . WikiBot
  8. Effective Water Governance: Action through Partnership in Central and Eastern Europe ‎(2,767 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Czech Republic

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Czech Republic

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Strengthening the Implementation Capacities for Nutrient Reduction and Transboundary Cooperation in the Danube River Basin ‎(13,727 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Capacity and Community Building for Industrial Water Stewardship in the Danube/Black Sea region ‎(3,346 views) . . WikiBot
  3. CollectiveWater - From conflict to collective action: Institutional change and management options to govern trans-boundary water courses ‎(2,879 views) . . WikiBot


Case studies in or about Czech Republic

(by popularity) No results


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Czech Republic

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on Czech Republic
  1. Czech Republic MDG Report, Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability ‎(3,167 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Country Reporting on the National Assessment and Consultation Process for WSSD in the Czech Republic ‎(2,501 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. A Case Study on Commitments-Related Best Practice or Lessons Learned in Water in the Czech Republic ‎(2,920 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Czech Republic, Freshwater Country Profile ‎(3,201 views) . . WikiBot


5 most popular publications on Czech Republic
  1. Czech Republic, Freshwater Country Profile ‎(3,201 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Czech Republic MDG Report, Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability ‎(3,167 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. A Case Study on Commitments-Related Best Practice or Lessons Learned in Water in the Czech Republic ‎(2,920 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Country Reporting on the National Assessment and Consultation Process for WSSD in the Czech Republic ‎(2,501 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Czech Republic

Who is Who

People working in Czech Republic
  1. Klara.tothova ‎(4,814 views)


See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Czech Republic

Organizations working in Czech Republic
  1. International Commission for the Protection of the Oder against Pollution ‎(2,679 views) . . WikiBot
  2. International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe ‎(2,196 views) . . WikiBot
  3. International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River ‎(4,652 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Czech Republic

References

  1. http://www.icpdr.org/icpdr-pages/czech_republic.htm

See also

External Resources

UNDP activities Czech Republic

UNESCO Water Portal Czech Republic

FAO/Aquatstat computation of renewable water resources (2002)

UN Sanitation Country Profile (2004)

Earthtrends Water profile:Czech Republic

WHO Water and Sanitation data Czech Reoublic

CIA World Factbook Czech Republic

World Bank Environment at a Glance: Czech Republic (2004)

Intute: Czech republic

International Commission for the protection of the Danube:Czech Republic


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