Developing Renewable Underground Water Resources in Arid Lands, A Pilot Case - The Eastern Desert of Egypt


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Project ID

Project Title

Developing Renewable Underground Water Resources in Arid Lands, A Pilot Case - The Eastern Desert of Egypt


Water Supply and Sanitation

Focus Areas

Geographic Scope

Egypt, Africa. One of the Arab States

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners


Total: $830,000;

Sources of Financing: Global Environment Facility GEF


2002 - 2006


Satisfactorily completed

Project website(s)





Egypt is currently using almost all of its share of the Nile water, resulting in the need for alternative water resources. The project will evaluate the use of renewable groundwater resources of the Eastern Desert to develop sustainable agriculture in Upper Egypt.

The objective of the project is to develop a replicable integrated technique for evaluating the extent of renewable ground water resources in arid lands, with the Eastern Desert of Egypt as a pilot site. Specifically, a comprehensive study will be conducted to investigate the distribution of alluvial aquifers and their recharge rates. The model will be replicable for similar projects elsewhere in Egypt, (e.g., Sinai), in Nile Basin countries (e.g., Red Sea hills, in Sudan, Ethiopia), in Northern Africa and Middle Eastern countries (e.g., Tibesti mountains in Libya), and arid countries worldwide with topographic settings (valley networks collecting meteoric waters from mountainous areas) similar to those of the Eastern Desert. Thus, if Egypt develops successful procedures to assess the alluvial aquifers of the Eastern Desert, workers in arid and semi-arid countries worldwide could potentially adopt these procedures in their respective countries, reducing the dependence of these countries on their traditional water resources, and thus preserving their fresh water ecosystems.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Lessons for Replication



See also

  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Jordan River Basin Part II
  3. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Jordan River Basin Part I
  4. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  5. Sustainable Management of Available Water Resources with Innovative Technologies (SMART)
  6. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  7. Mainstreaming Groundwater Considerations into the Integrated Management of the Nile River Basin
  8. Jordan Case Study
  9. GLOWA Jordan River
  10. Formulating an Action Programme for the Integrated Management of the Shared Nubian Aquifer
  11. Egypt mission report of the UN Independent Expert on human rights obligations related to access to safe drinking water and sanitation
  12. Collection and treatment of gray water in Manial Hany, Egypt

External Resources


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