Digging of a large diameter well in Sanankorobougou in the commune Moutougoula

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Project ID

MLI/CWI/2009/05

Project Title

Digging of a large diameter well in Sanankorobougou in the commune Moutougoula

Type

Freshwater, Water Supply and Sanitation

Focus Areas

International Waters

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners

Grantee: Association Malienne pour le Développement des Initiatives Communautaires - AMADIC (Non-government Organization)

Financing

Total: $16,617

Timeframe

7/2009 - 12/2010

Status

Project website(s)

Contacts

Contents

Description

Summary As part of the development of any country, access to safe water and sanitation are essential for the well-being. For that Mali had a particular focus on water supply in rural areas, which have grown over the past ten years. This results in the implementation of 4,298 modern wells and 10,160 (63.5%) of 16,000 drillings are equipped with means of human - powered pumping and solar – powered pumping This effort is the translation of policy in this country of drinking water through several departments including: ?the Ministry of Rural Development and Water (MDRE) ? the Ministry of Mines, Water and Energy; ? the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Security (MATS) ? the Department of Environment and Sanitation ... ... Despite this effort, to meet the needs remains enourmously significant and even though greatly affected the level is still low, as only 57% of villages and fractions were served not to mention that almost 27% of the pumps are down. It should be noted, that in the field of sanitation activities were very hesitant, they are limited mainly to Education, Information and Communication. One can also note that only 4% of the rural households benefit from improved latrines according to the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted in 1996. The village Sanankorobougou, just like many villages in Mali, is facing a shortage of drinking water and problems with poor sanitation. The only installed large-diameter well is not functional. The water supply system consists of ponds and wells that run dry during the traditional hot season, forcing the women to get up at dawn to fetch water. In terms of hygiene, the village is faced with many water - related diseases. This is explained by the lack of drinking water and also by the fact that animals drink the same water as the human population.

Context: Since the drought in the 70s, freshwater resources are becoming increasingly scarce in quantity and quality, have a large interannual irregularity and a strong seasonal variability. They are deteriorating year by year. This results in the reduction of Isoetes with the consequence of a gradual decline of the water table and ponds, creeks and rivers drying up. In contrast, the population is growing and a major concern is the satisfaction of water needs from some kind of source, but the water quality of the source is a bit ignored. However, it (the water quality) is of paramount importance because its effects are numerous. The village Sanankorobougou, just like many villages in Mali, is facing a shortage of drinking water. With a population of 1,170 inhabitants, the village does not have a point for drinking water. The standard of drinking water supply in rural areas defined by the DNH is a PEM of 400 per capita (for drillings, modern wells, hydrants). The drinking water demand of the village Sanankorobougou is 23 400 L per day for the entire population of 1170 inhabitants. This is far from satisfactory because the drinking water needs are estimated on the basis of 20 L per day per capita. The village had benefited from a well for more than 25 years. This drilling was 90 meters deep and was fitted with 30m of pipes, over ten years ago the village lost the benefit of using the hand pump that no longer worked bacuase of a lack of maintenance. Since this time, the village Sanankorobougou faces a critical shortage of drinking water which is the source of infection for many children with typhoid, cholera, schistosomiasis, intestinal worms and other diarrheal diseases. The village lies near a small river which is used for virtually all water needs. This river is not usable in the rainy season. The water of this river is not safe to drink, that`s why people are forced to move to the nearby village located 3 km away where a borehole is in order to have clean water. Today, the water needs are met with the water of ponds and wells without using any conventional measure of hygiene (often without curbs or other forms of sanitation) and these traditional ponds are used for drinking water. Also, they are the main points for watering animals. The characteristic of these wells is that they generally have a diameter less than 1 meter and capture the water table in the laterites and alluvial Quaternary, which may impair the water quality during the dry season especially if hygiene measures are not taken by the consumers of the problematic waters. In dry periods the women and girls spend hours queuing at the few water points. Despite its insanitary condition this water is consumed. The difficulty of providing safe drinking water is a big problem in the village Sanankorobougou. The government is unable to provide enough drinking water to the poor and the problem has grown in the last ten years, especially in the village Sanankorobougou. The project will be beneficial to men, women, children and animals.

Specific objectives: Strengthen the capacity of the population for the sustainable management of a large diameter well. Constructing a large diameter well for drinking water; Contribute to the reduction of diseases related to unsafe water.

Activities and strategies: Sensitization and information of the rurale population: The target groups (especially women and the youth) are aware and informed of informal debates which will be led by the facilitator to get them to take hygiene measures around the water point. Establishment of a committee for water management: After the education session and information, a committee with 20 members will be established. Women and the youth will also be represented by at least 50% in this committee. It will be responsible for organizing the management and regulation of hygiene around the water point. Water Hygiene Training It will focus on themes related to water hygiene and control measures of the water point. It will cover twenty (20) individuals, some of which are members in the committee, and leaders of other resource persons for village in drinking water issues. This will significantly reduce waterborne diseases and alleviate the workload of women. Creating a trough around the village well It will be located on the space of a trough sink that will serve as a well to farmers in order to reduce their drudgery.

Strategy for the sustainability of the project The project, initiated from a participatory diagnosis, will be performed by the people through their management committee. The NGO-AMADIC supports the committee in the organization of work and mobilization. Women being the first.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Achieved results: A sharp decrease of water-borne diseases and improved living conditions for the people:-The actions against water-borne diseases are carried by the people of the village =- 80% of the population in the project area is informed and aware of the diseases related to water = rate of the population aware and informed; -The technical issues are provided under control and returned to other farmers; - = Drinking water is available through the establishment of a well equipped with a large diameter .= Number of people using drinking water Drinking water available =-quality water available - Improving the conditions of the people by a gradual decrease in illnesses related to water, rate of water-related diseases.

Lessons for Replication

References

See also

External Resources

Attachments

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