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The Dniester Basin is part of / comprises: · Eastern Europe · Europe & CIS ·
Countries sharing the Dniester Basin: · Moldova · Poland · Ukraine ·
Facts & Figures edit
Catchment AreaA 68,627 km3
Neighbouring BasinsA Danube, Dnieper, Kogilnik, Sarata, Vistula-Wista
PopulationA 5,840,000
Population DensityA 94 /km2
DischargeA 10 km3/yr
Surface Area m3
Average Depth m
Water Volume m2
Water Stress 1900 m3/person/year
Average Precipitation mm/yr
Evaporation mm/yr
Runoff 5400 mm/yr
Land Use
Irrigated Area 3570 km2
Irrigable Area 109000 km2
No. of DamsA 19
Dam Density 3.3 dams/km2
Total Water Withdrawals km3
  For Agricultural Use
  For Domestic Use
  For Industrial Use
Renewable Water Available (m3/yr/pers)
References & Remarks
A Transboundary Freshwater Spatial Database, Oregon University

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps

Latest 4 maps for / including Dniester (more..):



Water Basin Profile: Physical and Hydrological Characteristics

The Dniester River is a transboundary river with a length of 1352 km, which starts in the Ukrainian Carpathians, flows through Moldova and reaches Ukraine again near the Black Sea. More than 5 million people populate its basin. In the Soviet times the water basin was managed as one system, but since 1991 Moldova and Ukraine have been separately managing their respective parts. The Dniester is the main source of drinking water in Moldova and a significant part of Ukraine, especially the City of Odessa.

Water Basin Profile: Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues

Environmental issues in the Dniester River Basin

The Dniester is currently facing severe environmental problems due to pollution and impacts associated with the water flow regime. The environmental degradation of the Dniester River is exacerbated by the Transdniestrian conflict, which inter alia impacts negatively on the use of joint infrastructure for waste water treatment. The problem takes on transboundary dimensions as polluted water flows into Moldova from Ukraine and there after back into Ukraine again and is discharged into the Black Sea south-west of the City of Odessa. (Action Programme to improve Transboundary Cooperation and Sustainable Management of the Dniester River|read more..

Water Basin Profile: Transboundary Political and Institutional Setting

Joint Bodies

Plenipotentiaries are appointed to facilitate implementation of the Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine of 1994.

Major challenges and perspectives for cooperation

The plenipotentiaries have established four working groups (one of them deals with the Dniester River). A transboundary diagnostic study in the Dniester River Basin was developed in 2005. In 2006, the plenipotentiaries adopted three Regulations: Floods Protection at the Transboundary Watercourses and Inner Waters; Water-Ecological Monitoring and Water Quality Control; Actions in Case of Emergency Pollution. In 2007, the plenipotentiaries adopted two Regulations: Stakeholder Participation in Activities of the Plenipotentiaries; and Cooperation on the Joint Management of Dniester River Basin Website (http://www.dniester.org).

There are suggestions to ensure permanent participation in the work of plenipotentiaries of environmental, health and emergency authorities (some representatives are included in the working groups; however, they participate only from time to time). It is suggested that more attention be paid to such functions as prevention of water pollution, assessment of biological resources, and development of IWRM schemes. It may be expedient to establish cooperation with other joint bodies, including those established for the protection of the Black Sea environment.

Within the framework of an ENVSEC project, drafts were developed of a Regulation on Cooperation in Sanitary Epidemiological Monitoring of Water Quality, and an Agreement on Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Dniester River Basin. The latter provides for the establishment of a joint commission.

Water Basin Profile: Emerging Challenges and Opportunities for the Future


Recently updated articles on Dniester
  1. Transboundary Dniester River Project ‎(3,649 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Dniester/articles ‎(1,340 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Dniester/projects ‎(1,300 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Dniester/publications ‎(1,142 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Dniester/who is who ‎(960 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Dniester/Maps ‎(1,386 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Image:Map for Dniester River Basin.gif ‎(3,379 views) . . Juerg.staudenmann

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Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Dniester

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5 most recently updated publications on Dniester

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Who is Who

People working in Dniester

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See also

Transboundary Water Cooperation in the Newly Independent States

Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

Transboundary Waters Experience - Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (TWME-ECCA

Kyrgyzstan/Kazakhstan - Formation of a Chu-Talas Rivers Commission : Formation of a River Basin Commission to manage the transboundary Chu-Talas rivers.

River Basin Committees

External Resources

Action Programme to improve transboundary cooperation and sustainable management of the Dniester river


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