Drinking water supply in the village Mandin-Coro through the construction of a large diameter well

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Project ID

MLI/CWI/2009/04

Project Title

Drinking water supply in the village Mandin-Coro through the construction of a large diameter well

Type

Freshwater, Water Supply and Sanitation

Focus Areas

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners

Grantee: Association pour l’Aide aux Femmes en détresse et aux Enfants de la Rue - ASSAFEDE (Non-government Organization)

Financing

Total: $19,913

Timeframe

7/2009 - 12/2010

Status

Project website(s)

Contacts

Contents

Description

Summary: The proliferation of waterborne diseases and the search for water for household needs is one of the major problems experienced by the population of the village Mandin - Coro. Indeed, the women and the youth spend most of the day on the way to the few rare and problematic water points and back. Today, the municipal authorities see it as a priority to find solutions to overcome the problem of drinking water supply. This project is a support of their efforts. Its aim is the eradication of waterborne diseases and food self-sufficiency through the availability of drinking water.

Problem The population growth and the growing water demand are essential. Droughts in recent years and climate change have led to a gradual decrease in rainfall. This has led to the drying up of surface waters and has resulted, among other things, in a low crop production and proliferation of water-related diseases. Until now, a few traditional wells and streams are the main places of water supply for the villagers and animals. Given the dependence of life on water and a shortage on alternatives to meet water needs, farmers are quick to consume these endangered waters with all sorts of debris. This state of the water causes more diarrhea, malaria, infections .... which lead most often to death. Today, if no appropriate measures are taken, the lack of water may increase mortality in the village. The children and the youth are most affected by this phenomenon.

Project data

Context: The village of Mandin-Coro with a population of 1,985 inhabitants has only a tradional well. Like many villages in Mali, it (the village) is far from meeting drinking water needs, despite the great effort that is about to be started due to the Government`s policy of supplying drinking water to rural areas. This policy is managed through a number of departments including the Ministry of Energy and Water. Through Mali`s enacted water code, every citizen has the right to access 20 liters of drinking water per person and day. This rate is far from being achieved in Mandin-Coro. According to DNH PEM for 400h is needed. Seeing this, meeting drinking water needs of Mandin-Coro will be four (4) PEM. The consequences of this lack of drinking water are about to impact the lives of many citizens. Namely, that no measure of sanitation and hygiene is taken by the people against unsafe water. Diarrhoeal diseases are the second (2nd) largest cause of child mortality and mortality of the youth in our rural areas after malaria with a rate of 23% (source: Commune health center). The village Mandin-Coro is no exception to this data. The most common diseases are malaria and diarrhea, in that order. Women and children are most vulnerable to these evils and they are the most vulnerable parts of society where poverty is most severe. They lack the means to pay for prescriptions. The majority engages in self-medication through the purchase and consumption of drugs sold on the street. This situation aggravates the deplorable medical situation that is due to poverty: Two out of three children are infected with intestinal worms, • Three out of five children have an annual crisis of diarrhea and / or dysentery, • All children (boys and girls) aged from 07 to 18 years are developing or have developed schistosomiasis, Faced with this situation, it is urgent to take action for drinking water supply and sanitation. This has to be done, to improve the living conditions of populations of Mandin-Coro.

Specific objectives: • Strengthen the capacity of populations for the sustainable management of water points; • Undertake measures to adapt to climate change; • construct a modern well for the drinking water supply; contribute to the reduction of diseases related to unsafe water.

Activities and strategies: 1.1. Information / sensitization of the population The adverse effects of unsafe water, diseases related to water and the right behaviour around the well will be the subject in several information and sensitization sessions. To further highlight the problem of unsafe water, ten sessions of talks and debates will be organized by the town supervisor. This will allow people to take measures for good health around the new well and to avoid unsanitary water. 1.2. Excavation and construction of a large diameter well To deal with waterborne diseases and to relief the work of the housewife, the village will be equipped with a large diameter well. This will greatly improve the living conditions of the population. 1.3. Strengthening the organizational capacity and management of the village council The village council and the leaders of the women receive training in hygiene and organizational measures for the ongoing maintenance of the well. This training is aimed at the sustainability of the equipment and the consideration of measures to avoid unsanitary behaviour around the well . They will be responsible for managing a good performance of the well. 5.4. Gardening To make current vegetable products available during the lean season, the women will finally support the NGO in developing a small perimeter. The activity will help to reduce the grain deficit caused by the variability of rain. It will significantly reduce rural exodus. 5.5. Reforestation around the well This activity will on the one hand allow a fixing of the soil around the well and on the other hand, it will allow the well supply a proper infiltration. The necessary arrangements for the care of the trees that are to be planted around the wells are being implemented.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

600 people are informed and aware of the consolidation measures the turn of the water points; • drinking water is available. • The capacity of the village council is enhanced for the sustainable management of the well. • The (farming) products are available outside of the season; Actions are undertaken in plantations around the wells to allow a fixation of the soil and to improve the flow of the well

Impacts: The implementation of the project financing is for the following effect: - The gradual reduction of waterborne diseases and improvement of the living conditions of the population

Lessons for Replication

The lessons will be learned during and at the end of the project

References

See also

External Resources

Attachments

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