Dry Sanitation Technology

From WaterWiki.net

Jump to: navigation, search
edit  ·  ToolkitSanitation (Did you know...?)
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) | International Year of Sanitation 2008 IYS Toolkits (external link)) | Global UNDP Assessment Exercise to Promote Water & Sanitation (related workspace) UNDP (regional) programme on HRBA to Water Governance
Related WaterWiki-articles: UN Committee urges states to take sanitation seriously | 10 Things You Need To Know About Sanitation | Access to WSS for the poor | Q&A: "Sanitation is a political orphin" | Dry Sanitation Technology | Water and Health | International Decade for Action: Water for Life | Overview of the Global Sanitation Problem | Rethinking Sanitation: Lessons and Innovation for Sustainability and Success in the New Millennium | Sanitation as a Key to Global Health:Voices From the Field
Related resources: UN-Water Global Annual Assessment of Drinking Water and Sanitation (GLAAS) 2010 | Fast Facts: Clean Water and Sanitation for the Poor | A Framework for Action on Water and Sanitation | HDR 2006 - Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis | The Human Rights-Based Approach to Development - The Right to Water | Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) | Swiss Public-Private Partnerships for Water Supply and Sanitation | Projects on Sanitation in Europe & CIS | Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management Toolbox

Terms & Synonyms

Official WHO Definition

Other Definitions

Contents

Interpretations and Explanations

Concept / Summary

Dry (Water-less) Sanitation Technology ...

Why water-less / dry sanitation?

All people have the right to equal amounts of water. However, for sanitation is water needed at all? The HDR should advocate for saving of water resources and pollution from un treated waste water by promoting non-water based sanitation to combat poverty. These technological solutions are provides the same level of hygiene and dignity as water borne sanitation and also provides for the technological possibilities to re-use resources as urea and faeces on a local level for e.g. small-scale agriculture (aerobic composting). As to illustrate one of many, many good examples, I quote a paper from the 25th WEDC conference in Addis Abbeba 1999 on Environmentally Friendly and Hygienic Sanitation by Farley & Kilbey:

"Waterborne sanitation systems are the traditional technologies used in urban developments. However, these are not sustainable in water-scarce situations. The annual volume of water (almost invariably potable water) needed to flush away the 550 litres of waste produced annually per person is 15000 litres. Water-scarce communities cannot afford such luxury. Even communities with sewerage systems frequently do not have a sewage treatment capacity, or one which only serves part of the city – the World Resources Institute claims that 95 per cent of sewage in the Third World is discharged untreated. Environmentally and economically, there is a clear case in favour of composting latrines, if they can reduce pollution, reduce health risks, and still enable the user to perform, his or her functions hygienically and with dignity."

(from Paola Pagliani)

Different Approaches

Literature

Environmentally-friendly hygienic dry sanitation technology (25th WEDC Conference, Adis Abeba, Ethiopia 1999)



References

Sanitation Technology WHO-Lexicon page (translations and examples)

See also

Dry Sanitation Technology

External Resources

ADD URLs HERE

Attachments

562 Rating: 2.0/5 (43 votes cast)