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The Elbe Basin is part of / comprises: · Eastern Europe · Europe & CIS · Western Europe ·
Countries sharing the Elbe Basin: · Austria · Czech Republic · Germany · Poland ·
Facts & Figures edit
Catchment AreaA 148,919 km3
Neighbouring BasinsA Danube, Oder-Odra, Rhine
PopulationA 22,400,000
Population DensityA 170 /km2
DischargeA 30 km3/yr
Surface Area m3
Average Depth m
Water Volume m2
Water Stress m3/person/year
Average Precipitation mm/yr
Evaporation mm/yr
Runoff 12000 mm/yr
Land Use
Irrigated Area 3760 km2
Irrigable Area 253000 km2
No. of DamsA 52
Dam Density 2.3 dams/km2
Total Water Withdrawals km3
  For Agricultural Use
  For Domestic Use
  For Industrial Use
Renewable Water Available (m3/yr/pers)
References & Remarks
A Transboundary Freshwater Spatial Database, Oregon University

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps

Latest 4 maps for / including Elbe (more..):



Water Basin Profile: Physical and Hydrological Characteristics

The Elbe River, with its length of 1 094 km from the springs in the Krkonose Mountains to the North Sea mouth at Cuxhaven and with its catchment area of 148 268 km2, is the fourth biggest river in Europe; after the Donau (817 000 km2), the Visla (194 112 km2), and the Rhine (183 800 km2). The Elbe River basin spans four countries: its largest parts lie in Germany (65.5 %) and in the Czech Republic (33.7 %), tiny parts lie in Austria (0.6 %) and in Poland (0.2 %). The Elbe River basin is inhabited by 24.5 million people.

The Elbe’s major tributaries include the Vltava, the Saale, the Havel, the Mulde, the Black Elster, and the Ohre rivers.

Looking at the Elbe from the geomorphologic angle, we can divide the Elbe watercourse into three stretches: the Upper, Middle, and Lower Elbe.

  • Upper Elbe: from springs downstream to its entrance into the North German Lowland at the Hirschstein Castle, length 463 km
  • Middle Elbe: form the Hirschstein Castle downstream to the Geesthacht weir, length 489 km
  • Lower Elbe: from the Geesthacht weir downstream to its mouth into the North Sea at Cuxhaven-Kugelbake, 142 km

The Elbe River kilometrage we use starts with zero at the Czech-German state border. On the Czech side, the number grows in the upstream direction; on the German side in the downstream direction.

Water Basin Profile: Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues

Water Basin Profile: Transboundary Political and Institutional Setting

Water Basin Profile: Emerging Challenges and Opportunities for the Future


Recently updated articles on Elbe
  1. Elbe/maps ‎(1,036 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Elbe/Maps ‎(905 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Elbe/articles ‎(964 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Elbe/projects ‎(1,121 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Elbe/publications ‎(1,070 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Elbe/who is who ‎(1,231 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Image:ElbeRiverBasin.jpg ‎(933 views) . . Katy.norman

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Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Elbe

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. CollectiveWater - From conflict to collective action: Institutional change and management options to govern trans-boundary water courses ‎(2,940 views) . . WikiBot

Case studies in or about Elbe

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5 most recently updated publications on Elbe

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5 most popular publications on Elbe

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Who is Who

People working in Elbe

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Organizations working in Elbe
  1. International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe ‎(2,247 views) . . WikiBot

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See also

External Resources

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