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Fiji is part of:
Asia & Pacific · Pacific Islands ·
Water Basins of Fiji:
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Facts & Figures edit
Capital Suva
Neighbouring Countries Vanuatu
Total Area 18,270 km2
  - Water 0 km2 (0.00%) / 0 m2/ha
  - Land 18,270 km2
Coastline 1,129 km
Population 847,706 (46 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.743 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA n/a (1995)
Nominal GDPB $3,783 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $3,700
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 2,851 km2 (15.6%)
     - Arable 2,001 km2 (10.95%)
     - Permanent Crops 850 km2 (4.65%)
     - Irrigated 30 km2
  - Non cultivated 23,736 km2 (84.4%)
Average Annual RainfallD 2592 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 28.6 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 0.07 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 71%
  - For Domestic Use 14%
  - For Industrial Use 14%
  - Per Capita 86 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 47%
     - Urban population 43%
     - Rural population 51%
  - Improved Sanitation 72%
     - Urban population 87%
     - Rural population 55%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

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Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

Surface water is used as the main source of supply for all major towns on the larger, high islands of Fiji. Some small, low lying islands rely excusively on groundwater and may also harness rainwater. Contamination of the wells in the the small islands may happen due to lack of sanitation and awareness.

A considerable amount of potable water is lost in the reticulation system as a result of background leakage and frequent bursts. Several areas face problems with either too high or too low pressure. The Public Works Department is in need of updated equipment and training.

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

Fiji has numerous small islands, some of which are low in elevation and also inhabited. Surface water availability is a problem in some islands, which rely exclusively on groundwater and may or may not attempt to use rainwater. Rainwater harvesting using roof systems is widespread in Fiji but the psychology of rural people may fail to take into account the possibility of extreme climate events and drought when there is relatively abundant water for most of the time (for instance providing small capacity storage instead of larger capacity).

Some conflicts have occurred over surface water availability. In particular, there are conflicts between water for irrigation and water for other purposes in one or two cases.

Groundwater occurs on both the large islands and small low-lying islands, but the groundwater issues and challenges in these different physical environments differ. Groundwater is found in superficial and medium-depth strata on the larger islands of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu and some large islands, in either fractured rock or sedimentary formations.

Significant groundwater deposits, such as the Nadi Valley coastal aquifer, on the large islands are available and are under pressure for devleopment.

Groundwater resources on small islands play a very different role. There are cases in Fiji of islands with superficial groundwater lenses in sandbeds or coral formations, which lie on marine water and can be readily exhausted. The fragility of superficial groundwater lenses means that they need to be carefully managed.


Recently updated articles on Fiji
  1. Fiji/articles ‎(1,160 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Fiji/projects ‎(1,142 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Fiji/publications ‎(855 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Fiji/who is who ‎(1,151 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Fiji/Maps ‎(652 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Communicating for Results - A Communication Planning Guide for International Waters Projects ‎(24,562 views) . . WikiBot

See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Fiji

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Fiji

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Sanitation and Water Supply Management for BT Uekera School Project ‎(1,590 views) . . Fabianova
  2. Kotene Sanitation and Water Supply Enhancement Project, Fiji ‎(1,974 views) . . Fabianova
  3. Pacific Islands Oceanic Fisheries Management Project ‎(3,062 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Banking the Unbanked in Fiji: The ANZ Bank and UNDP Partnership ‎(6,451 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Aratokotoko Primary School Project, Fiji ‎(2,221 views) . . WikiBot

Case studies in or about Fiji

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See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Fiji


5 most recently updated publications on Fiji
  1. National IWRM Diagnostic Report Fiji Islands ‎(1,884 views) . . Katy.norman

5 most popular publications on Fiji
  1. National IWRM Diagnostic Report Fiji Islands ‎(1,884 views) . . Katy.norman

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Fiji

Who is Who

People working in Fiji

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Organizations working in Fiji

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See also

External Resources



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