Flood Risks Managemnet and Water Harvesting for Livelihood Recovery in Baalback-Hermel

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Project ID

UNDP ID 00059666

Project Title

Flood Risks Managemnet and Water Harvesting for Livelihood Recovery in Baalback-Hermel

Type

Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)

Focus Areas

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners

Financing

Total: $2,840,000;

Sources of Financing: Government of Spain,

Timeframe

2008 - 2009

Status

Ongoing

Project website(s)

Contacts

Contents

Description

Background

The National Action Programme to Combat Desertification (NAP), which was developed in 2003 by the Ministry of Agriculture and in collaboration with UNDP and GTZ, classified Baalback – Hermel as a region prone to high risk of desertification. This is mainly due to the lack of proper land and water management practices, bad rainfall distribution, overgrazing, steep mountains with shallow soil and poor vegetative cover. Torrential rains in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains followed by severe flash floods are common in Baalback-Hermel region. They occur late in spring or early in autumn and lead to road cuts, destructions in infrastructure, substantial agricultural damages in crops and livestock, severe soil erosion and sometimes destruction of aqua farms spread along the Assi (Orontos) river.


Water harvesting has been used for thousands of years to supplement scarce water resources in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. The harvested water can be used in supplemental irrigation which could be life saving for rain fed crops cultivated in North Bekaa. Moreover, the extended water availability during the dry season widens the farmers’ choices among different cropping patterns and farming systems that can be used.


The project will establish check dams, contour bunds and stone walls to reduce soil erosion and conserve soil moisture. In addition, several collection reservoirs (Hafirs) will be established to accommodate most of the runoff water. Water harvesting of otherwise unused and insufficiently exploited water resources including rainfall and snow melt runoffs will be done in several collection reservoirs lined with special membranes and connected to modern and efficient irrigation networks. The number, size and locations of the reservoirs will be determined based on a survey of the area which will take into consideration several factors such as available water resources, prevailing agricultural practices, number of beneficiaries, soil characteristics, rainfall amounts, land ownership and socio-economic appraisal.


Achievements & Expected Results
  1. Flood risks in Aarsal and Fakhe will be reduced through the establishment of 10 water storage reservoirs which will accommodate more than 400,000 m3 of runoff water.
  2. Soil erosion will be reduced and soil moisture will be conserved through the construction of 185 stone walls and check dams.
  3. Unused water supplies from seasonal springs will be harvested in artificial lakes lined with special membranes.
  4. Modern irrigation networks will be installed for selected farmers and irrigation water will be made available for extended periods during summer.
  5. More than 20,000 seedlings from wild fruit trees will be planted in specific locations in order to reduce soil erosion and restore a certain degree of agrobiodiversity in the target area.
  6. The capacity of the Municipality of Aarsal will be built in order to properly maintain the established structures and farmers will be more aware of flood risks management procedures and techniques.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Lessons for Replication

TYPE LESSONS HERE

References

See also

  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Jordan River Basin Part II
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Jordan River Basin Part I
  3. Sustainable Management of Available Water Resources with Innovative Technologies (SMART)
  4. Jordan Case Study
  5. GLOWA Jordan River
  6. Constrtuction of waste water treatment pond in Tyre Natural Reserve

External Resources

Attachments

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