GoAL WaSH Kyrgyzstan

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UNDP GoAL WaSH stands for UNDP's programme on Governance, Advocacy and Leadership for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, an initiative to scale up water and sanitation services for the poor.

Contents

The GoAL WaSH Project in Kyrgyzstan

Scope of the Project

The GoAL WaSH project in the Kyrgyz Republic launched its activities in the country in 2013, with a two year working plan aimed at creating an enabling environment (legal, capacity and public education/awareness) for improved access to clean drinking water and sanitation.

Provision of safe drinking water and improved sanitation is one of the top national priorities of Kyrgyzstan and one of the main tasks of local self-governance bodies. The goal of the GoAL WaSH project in Kyrgyzstan is “Rural and urban communities (men and women) in Kyrgyzstan have sustainable and equitable access to safe drinking water and sanitation through improved enabling environment and strengthened governance capacity at national and local levels”. This includes putting in place political and legal frameworks to build capacity for implementation of measures provided by the GoAL WaSH Project at the national and local levels.

The achievement of the above is accomplished via efforts aimed at three specific project outputs: 1. Improved sector coordination capacities of the Department of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation (DDWSS); 2. Methodology of effective WSS management systems, which is in place and operational in four local self-governments; and 3. Capacity of the local water actors (both duty bearers and right holders) enhanced to apply effectively the principles of good governance, transparency, accountability and citizen participation in organizing water supply services in 4 local self-governments

The GoAL WaSH project is integrated into the UNDP Environment Protection for Sustainable Development (EPSD) Programme, operating on the national level in Bishkek and implemented with two Area Based Development Programme offices working on the local level implementation in Osh and Batken Provinces. At the local level, the project has four pilot communities – Kara-Kulja and Salam-Alik in Osh Province, and Dary and Kara-Bak in Batken Province.

The UNDP EPSD team play a crucial role in integrating the different project dimensions, coordinating with other projects’ interventions and building partnerships with national and local stakeholders. The existing network of community-based organizations, civic organizations, national and local authorities is the foundation for building sustainability of the GoAL WaSH intervention. UNDP’s mandate, its relationship with Government and its longstanding role in the area provides a comparative advantage in facilitating governmental partnerships.

The Challenges Addressed

Weak governance and poor infrastructure of Kyrgyzstan’s water sector is preventing from satisfactory supply of drinking water and sanitation services. It also puts a barrier to achieving Millennium Development Goals and represents the area in which the Government of Kyrgyz Republic has been experiencing significant challenges in meeting its commitments under international obligations.

The GoAL WaSH project in Kyrgyzstan has been able to address these challenges with a special focus on:

  • Lack of coordination between the stakeholders active in the WaSH sector that reduces the effectiveness of the interventions;
  • Critical need for defining an adequate water and sanitation delivery model at decentralized level

The climate change issues have recently posed a new challenge to WaSH systems in the region. Increase of temperature, shrinking water resources and change in precipitation, increase of intestinal and vector diseases, growing aridization of arable lands already manifest adverse impact of climate change on WaSH systems in Central Asia.

The Approach

The focus is to strengthening participatory approaches through inter-agency and inter-sectoral mechanisms, to promote good governance in drinking water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH), especially on the level of rural communities. UNDP has been implementing the GoAL WaSH project in Kyrgyzstan based on, and in line with, the transition to sustainable development and human rights based approach to development. Thus, systemic, institutional and individual capacity building in the field of WaSH becomes even more important for ensuring a transition to sustainable development modality. Additionally, this project has addressed the informational gaps of the Department of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation (DDWSS) through improvement of information flux and reporting process between DDWSS and local communities via strengthening official statistics in collaboration with the National Statistic Committee.

The GoAL WaSH project in Kyrgyzstan is implemented in the context of the UN programming frame-works agreed by the Government – UN Development Assistance Framework for 2011-2016 (UN-DAF) and the UNDP Country Programme Action Plan for 2011-2016 (CPAP). In turn, these frame-work documents are congruent with the Governmental priorities outlined in the National Sustainable Development Strategy for 2013-2017 approved by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic.

The Actions

The first output in the project plan – “Improved sector coordination capacities of the Department of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation (DDWSS)” – is implemented via following actions:

  • Favourable enabling framework for better coordination (both state and non-state actors) in the areas of water supply and sanitation include Improved sector coordination capacities of the Department of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation and catalytic efforts to avoid dupli-cation of activities of those active in this sector;
  • Improvement of WSS legislation to put in place appropriate capacity for implementation of measures of the GoAL WaSH Programme at the national and local levels;
  • Strengthening national statistics related to rural drinking water and sanitation issues within the official MDG reporting.

The second output – “Methodology of effective WSS management systems is in place and operational in 4 local self-governments” – is implemented through the following actions:

  • Strengthening capacity of WSS system operators, institutional development and introduction of modern management tools (best practices dissemination, updated databases based on in-ventory, WSS GIS system maps, Local Development Plans with integrated WSS issues and cost estimations), which are integrated with local development plans and strategies;
  • Small demonstrational DWSS sanitation projects in pilot communities are implemented

The last output from the plan – “Capacity of the local water actors (both duty bearers and right holders) enhanced to apply effectively the principles of good governance, transparency, accountability and citizen participation in organizing water supply services in four local self-governments” – is implemented via the following actions:

  • Linking national and local level interventions that are implemented in Bishkek, in Osh and Batken through implementation of capacity building and awareness raising activities;
  • Experience sharing includes practical in-country study visits to learn and share best practices of the local communities and Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan study tours

The Achievements

The achievement of the GoAL WaSH project in Kyrgyzstan in views of partners:

  • Toktoshev Askarbek, Director of the DWSS Department, Bishkek:

"The GoAL WaSH project of UNDP came with really little money and has been able to achieve tangible results while other projects with greater funds – having millions – are barely progressing. This project is unique and it has united all partners by creating a constructive environment towards cumulative success in the field of drinking water supply and sanitation services. We officially celebrated it by awarding the GoAL WaSH project in Kyrgyzstan with the Governmental diploma"

  • Nodirova Mastura, Head of the “Kyzyl-Konush” CDWUU in Kara-Bak, Batken Province:

"The study tours organized by the UNDP GoAL WaSH project in July 2014 where the most successful and interesting ones I have ever participated. It has demonstrated a very good example of partnership between local communities and local self-governments towards solving the priority problems of drinking water supply to local residents. It is very important that the lecturers were the people who deal with these issues on a daily basis and neither project staff nor invited experts. People of Osh and Batken found similarities in themselves with those people who do the same work in Aravan. It was nice to see how a cashier – very shy young girl, spoke to the audience with such an enthusiasm and in a very professional way about the payment collection for drinking water, the rates of individuals including the problems of collection and interaction with local people"

  • Egemberdiev Muhatbek, Head of the “Sur-Tash” CDWUU in Kara-Kulja, Osh Province

"In 2014, for the first time, a head of CDWUU was selected by the public voting of villagers – not appointed by the Government. This process made people to realize that their votes matter. In addition, for the first time the local self-government and Parliament have allocated dedicated funds to CDWUU as a co-financing to infrastructure projects on drinking water supply. I truly believe these are happening thanks to the well planned and coordinated activities of the UNDP GoAL WaSH project"


See also

UNDP GoAL WaSH

GoAL WaSH Bosnia-Herzegovina

GoAL WaSH Cambodia

GoAL WaSH El Salvador

GoAL WaSH Laos

GoAL WaSH Liberia

GoAL WaSH Madagascar

GoAL WaSH Mongolia

GoAL WaSH Niger

GoAL WaSH Paraguay

GoAL WaSH Tajikistan

GoAL WaSH Togo


Contacts

For more information regarding GoAL WaSH in Kyrgyzstan, please contact:

  • Mr. Kumar Kylychev

Programme Dimension Chief, Environment and Energy

kumar.kylychev@undp.org

Tel +996 312 694391 ext. 157 (w.)

  • Mr. Vladimir Grebnev

Programme Coordinator, Environment Protection for Sustainable Development

vladimir.grebnev@undp.org

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