Italy

From WaterWiki.net

Jump to: navigation, search
Italy is part of:
Europe & CIS · Western Europe ·
Water Basins of Italy:
Danube · Isonozo · Po · Rhine · Rhone · Roia ·
Facts & Figures edit
flag_Italy.png
Capital Rome
Neighbouring Countries France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia
Total Area 301,230 km2
  - Water 7,210 km2 (2.39%) / 239 m2/ha
  - Land 294,020 km2
Coastline 7,600 km
Population 58,092,740 (193 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.945 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 36 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $2,399,000 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $31,000
National UN Presence FAO, WHO, UNESCO, UNIDO, IFAD, IAEA, UNCCD, UNDESA
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 104,377 km2 (35.5%)
     - Arable 77,651 km2 (26.41%)
     - Permanent Crops 26,726 km2 (9.09%)
     - Irrigated 27,500 km2
  - Non cultivated 546,357 km2 (64.5%)
Average Annual RainfallD 832 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 175 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 44.37 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 45%
  - For Domestic Use 18%
  - For Industrial Use 37%
  - Per Capita 769 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 100%
     - Urban population 100%
     - Rural population 100%
  - Improved Sanitation 100%
     - Urban population 100%
     - Rural population 100%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including Italy (more..):

No maps (yet -> Upload some!)

Contents

News

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

At national level, the Royal Decree of 1933 recognized water resources as a public good. In 1989, Law 183 established the river basin as the basic unit within which all regulatory actions concerning water resource management, water pollution control and soil protection are to be coordinated for economic and social development and for environmental protection. The law also established major basin authorities and entrusted them with planning responsibilities. In 1994, Law 36 introduced a reform under which municipal utilities were aggregated into Optimal Territorial Areas (OTAs), which are responsible for the management and supply of water services such as wastewater treatment, sanitation and drinking water provision. OTAs also have to draft Optimal Territory Plans (OTPs), which analyse the availability of water resources and plan for their current and future use. Basin authorities have the responsibility of verifying that the OTP is coherent with basin plans and objectives.

Legislative Decree 152 was introduced in 1999 to protect water resources by preventing and reducing pollution and improving water quality. It also required regions to classify water bodies (i.e. surface, ground and coastal waters) and establish limits for the pollution loads that can be discharged into the environment. The Water Protection Plan, which directly complements the basin plan required by Law 183, is the main instrument for implementing the laws enacted by Legislative Decree 152. This decree is considered a forerunner of the EU Water Framework Directive of 2000, as it also aims for a comprehensive action framework for water resources protection by introducing measures for specific uses (e.g. drinking water, bathing water) and for specific sources of pollution, such as agricultural and industrial effluents.

In 2006, a consolidated text on environmental protection, Decree 152, was approved. It includes rules for waste management, strategic environmental assessment and environmental impact assessment procedures, and water resources protection and management, as well as for dealing with environmental damage. The part concerning water resources protection and management formally adopts the contents of the EU Water Framework Directive, for example by creating river district authorities and assigning them the task of producing river basin management plans. As of October 2008, however, Legislative Decree 152 of 1999 was still in effect because the 2006 decree had not yet been implemented.

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

Articles

Recently updated articles on Italy
  1. Italy/Maps ‎(1,062 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Italy/articles ‎(1,061 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Italy/projects ‎(1,379 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Italy/publications ‎(1,301 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Italy/who is who ‎(1,229 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Italy

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Italy

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

No results


Case studies in or about Italy

(by popularity)

  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Rhine River Basin ‎(59,320 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Facing Water Challenges in the Po River Basin, Italy:A WWDR3 Case Study ‎(17,171 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Rhine Case Study ‎(11,123 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Italy

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on Italy
  1. The Case of the Water Framework Directive and Irrigation in Mediterranean Agriculture ‎(2,062 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Rhine River Basin ‎(59,320 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Rhine Case Study ‎(11,123 views) . . Katy.norman


5 most popular publications on Italy
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Rhine River Basin ‎(59,320 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Rhine Case Study ‎(11,123 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. The Case of the Water Framework Directive and Irrigation in Mediterranean Agriculture ‎(2,062 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Italy

Who is Who

People working in Italy
  1. Stefanie.Neno ‎(134 views)
  2. Guido.Santini ‎(229 views)


See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Italy

Organizations working in Italy
  1. International Commission for the Protection of Italo-Swiss Waters ‎(1,777 views) . . WikiBot
  2. FAO ‎(28,260 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Italy

References

See also

External Resources

2958 Rating: 2.1/5 (39 votes cast)