Mainstreaming Groundwater Considerations into the Integrated Management of the Nile River Basin

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Project ID

GEF ID 3321

Project Title

Mainstreaming Groundwater Considerations into the Integrated Management of the Nile River Basin

Type

Focus Areas

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners

*GEF

Financing

Total: $1,000,000;

Sources of Financing: Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Timeframe

2007 - 2010

Status

Ongoing

Project website(s)

Contacts

Contents

Description

The role that groundwater plays in surface water systems (rivers, wetlands, lakes) has not been adequately considered in most transboundary river basin management initiatives, including the Nile basin, supported by the GEF and other donors. Groundwater supports perennial water supply to many wetlands and stream base flow, which is critical for providing refuge for fauna and maintaining biodiversity. In addition, large wetland areas, such as the Sudd swamp in Sudan, are an important component in the local/regional atmospheric water cycle. In the context of the Nile, the Sudd swamps presently considered to be fed by river water and therefore a source of large evaporative water losses. However, recent studies indicate that swamps in the Nile basin may in fact be fed by groundwater. Evaporation from the swamps may, therefore, play a less important role in the water budget of the rivers and lakes. Yet, evaporation from larger swamps such as the Sudd may be a significant source of moisture for regional precipitation such as in the Ethiopian Highlands. Substantial changes in wetland surface area may also impact the atmospheric water cycle and precipitation regime as a result of changes in soil wetness and land-atmosphere interactions. Thus, information about the role of groundwater, in particular its contribution to water balances in lakes, rivers, and wetlands is crucial for determining equitable and appropriate water allocations and water resource management strategies.


The development objective of the project is to provide the scientific basis and necessary institutional and policy support for incorporating a groundwater dimension into planning and management of the Nile basin ecosystem as an essential component of sustainable development of the Nile Basin. In support of the development objective there are four immediate objectives:

  • a)improve the assessment of groundwater-surface water interactions towards strengthening protection of key ecosystem resources as well as the gains from and losses to groundwater on rivers and lakes in the Nile basin;
  • b)enhance the characterization of the role of groundwater in wetlands and of the Sudd Swamps in the regional water cycle;
  • c)improve the use of water balance models in estimating basin-wide annual and monthly water balances in the Nile basin as an input to water planning and management;
  • d)Facilitate the inclusion of groundwater considerations into integrated Nile basin water resources planning and management activities and to ensure a common understanding of groundwater issues and analysis among the riparian countries.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Lessons for Replication

TYPE LESSONS HERE

References

See also

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  1. Water Resources Development and Utilization
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  3. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  4. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
Related projects in Egypt
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Jordan River Basin Part II
  3. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Jordan River Basin Part I
  4. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  5. Sustainable Management of Available Water Resources with Innovative Technologies (SMART)
  6. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  7. Jordan Case Study
  8. GLOWA Jordan River
  9. Formulating an Action Programme for the Integrated Management of the Shared Nubian Aquifer
  10. Egypt mission report of the UN Independent Expert on human rights obligations related to access to safe drinking water and sanitation
  11. Developing Renewable Underground Water Resources in Arid Lands, A Pilot Case - The Eastern Desert of Egypt
  12. Collection and treatment of gray water in Manial Hany, Egypt
Related projects in Congo
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  2. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  3. Strategic Action Programme for the Integrated Sustainable Management of the Congo river Basin
  4. Partnership Interventions for the Implementation of Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for Lake Tanganyika
  5. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  6. Combating Living Resource depletion and coastal area degradation in the Guinea Current LME through ecosystem-based regional actions
Related projects in Burundi
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  2. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  3. Strategic Action Programme for the Integrated Sustainable Management of the Congo river Basin
  4. Partnership Interventions for the Implementation of Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for Lake Tanganyika
  5. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
Related projects in Kenya
  1. Water and sanitation services reforms in Kenya
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  3. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  4. The Human Right to Water:Translating Theory into Practice
  5. Protecting springs, and providing clean spring water to Maji Moto Town, Kenya
  6. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  7. Naibunga Conservance Rock Water Harvesting Project
  8. Micro hydro plants in Kenya
  9. Local Responses to State Water Policy Changes in Kenya and Madagascar
  10. Lake Jipe Conservation Project, Tanzania
  11. Laikipia Rainwater Project
  12. Koseo Spring Protection
  13. Kimotony Water Spring Protection Project
  14. Kapmuyebet Community Based Organization Project
  15. Kailer Community Development Project
  16. Integrated Water Supply and Improved Sanitation in Rural Schools in Ngarua Division, Laikipia District.
  17. Enhancing Water Governance in Kenya through a Human Rights Based Approach
  18. Community-based Integrated Coastal Zone Management for enhanced agricultural biodiversity and improved rural livelihood in Amlakpo, Adodoajikope, Asigbekope and Kenya in the Dangbe East District
  19. Combined household water treatment and indoor air pollution projects in urban Mambanda, Cameroon and rural Nyanza, Kenya
  20. Cheptolili Self-Help Dam Project
  21. Agulhas and Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystem (ASCLME) Project
Related projects in Rwanda
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  3. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  4. Strategic Action Programme for the Integrated Sustainable Management of the Congo river Basin
  5. Promotion of technical water and sanitation in the city of Rwamagana, Rwanda
  6. Promoting sustainable agriculture to protect Mukungwa river basin, Rwanda
  7. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  8. Improvement of hygiene and sanitation, management and value addition of human excreta by producing fertilizers resulting from ecological toilets, Rwanda
Related projects in Sudan
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  2. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  3. Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment
  4. Strategic Action Programme for the Integrated Sustainable Management of the Congo river Basin
  5. Removal of Barriers to the Introduction of Cleaner Artisanal Gold Mining and Extraction Technologies
  6. Regional Water Intelligence Report: The Nile Basin and Southern Sudan Referendum
  7. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  8. Formulating an Action Programme for the Integrated Management of the Shared Nubian Aquifer
Related projects in Uganda
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  2. Village water project and drilling a vegetable area
  3. UFDA Water for Organic Farming project
  4. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  5. Strategic Action Programme for the Integrated Sustainable Management of the Congo river Basin
  6. Ssisa Fish Farming Project 2, Uganda
  7. Shallow Well Construction in Kyebisagazi Parish, Uganda
  8. Saala Wetland Management, Uganda
  9. Promoting Transparency, Integrity and Accountability in the Water and Sanitation Sector in Uganda
  10. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  11. LLU Akadot Wetland Restoration, Uganda
  12. Kapchorwa River Bank Management and Conservation, Uganda
  13. ECOSAN Project Acomia, Uganda
  14. CDA Busimbi water and sanitation improvement Project
  15. Bugoma Community Ecological Sanitation Project
Related projects in Tanzania
  1. Water supply and empowerement of the Hadzabe indigenous communities, Tanzania
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  3. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  4. Supporting community based water supply and sanitation project in Zanzibar
  5. Strategic Action Programme for the Integrated Sustainable Management of the Congo river Basin
  6. School Compounds Greening Project, in Misungwi District, Mwanza Region, Tanzania
  7. Removal of Barriers to the Introduction of Cleaner Artisanal Gold Mining and Extraction Technologies
  8. Reduction of women's workload through sustainable water supply , sanitary environment and afforestation, Tanzania
  9. Promotion of rainwater harvesting technology for water supply and sanitation in schools - Nella Secondary School
  10. Promotion of rainwater harvesting technology for water supply and sanitation in schools - Mwang'halanga Primary School
  11. Promotion of rainwater harvesting technology for water supply and sanitation in schools - Mhande Secondary School
  12. Promotion of rainwater harvesting technology for water supply and sanitation in schools - Mallemve Primary School
  13. Promotion of rainwater harvesting technology for water supply and sanitation in schools - Kikubiliji Secondary School
  14. Partnership Interventions for the Implementation of Strategic Action Programme (SAP) for Lake Tanganyika
  15. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  16. Makambako Shallow Wells Project, Tanzania
  17. Mainstreaming Climate Change Considerations into Integrated Water Resources Management in Pangani River Basin (Tanzania)
  18. Lake Jipe Conservation Project, Tanzania
  19. Involving School Communities to Conserve Lake Victoria Project, in Musoma Rural District, Tanzania
  20. Involving Kyaka Community in the Conservation of Kagera River Basin Project, Bukoba Rural District, Tanzania
  21. Expansion of Cashew Nut Production as an alternative source of income to fishing, Tanzania
  22. Economic Empowerment of Women through Alleviating the Water Hyacinth From Kagera River Project, Bukoba Rural District, Tanzania
  23. Control of Water Hyacinth in Speke Gulf Project, Tanzania
  24. Community Conservation of Tanzania's Endangered marine life and habitats
  25. Capacity building to strengthen water supply and sanitation management for Department of Water Zanzibar
  26. Capacity building for Zanzibar Water Authority (ZAWA)
  27. Agulhas and Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystem (ASCLME) Project
Related projects in the Nile
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  2. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  3. Regional Water Intelligence Report: The Nile Basin and Southern Sudan Referendum
  4. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)
  5. Control of Water Hyacinth in Speke Gulf Project, Tanzania

External Resources

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