Mekong Case Study

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Publication Title

Mekong Case Study

Publication Type

UNESCO-IHP, PCCP Series Publication, 56 p.

Author(s)

Ti Le-Huu and Lien Nguyen Duc in cooperation with Apichart Anukularmphai, Do Hong Phan, Khammone Ponekeo, Pech Sokhem and Zhang Hai-Lun.

Publication Date

2003

Publication URL

Contact

Contents


Description

Purpose and Scope of the Case Study

The Mekong River Basin has been the subject of several books, a number of doctoral dissertations, and many research papers. In each case, the Mekong was viewed from different perspectives for various purposes. It is usually the case that a river basin organization is established after water use conflicts have occurred and direct communication among riparian countries has failed to solve the conflicts.

In the case of the Mekong River Basin, cooperation began when the potential for conflicts over water was still very low, but the cooperation initiative came from national development aspirations based on global experiences and support.

The current Mekong case study – carried out within the framework of cooperation between the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) – is part of the global efforts coordinated in a UNESCO programme aimed at reviewing lessons learnt and providing possible best practices for international river basins in order to turn potential conflicts into potential cooperations (PCCP). In the context of the UNESCO PCCP program, this case study, which because of time constraints focuses mainly on the Lower Mekong Basin and its upper part in the Yunnan Province of China, is primarily expected to provide information for integration into four subsequent thematic studies under the following categories:

  • legal aspects
  • historical context
  • negotiation and mediation
  • system analysis.

While aiming at serving these primary purposes, an attempt is made here to also present the Mekong case study as a stand-alone coherent paper for future reference in the context of cooperation among riparian countries of international river basins.

References

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  • Anukularmphai, A. 2003. Inputs for the Mekong Case Study. Prepared for the Water Resources Section, January. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • Anukularmphai, A. et al. 1998. Overview of the Integration of Water Resources Management into Economic and Social Development based on Thai Experiences. UNESCAP Ad hoc Expert Group Meeting on Integration of Water Resources Management into Economic and Social Development Plan, Bangkok, 2–4 June 1998. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • ____. 2002. Extracted mainly from Study of Development Needs and Related Policies in Thailand, MRC Secretariat, PPD/IBP/9403, June 1994, and National Water Vision to Action: A Case Study on Thailand, Office of National Water Resources Committee of Thailand for UNESCAP and FAO-RAPA, July 2000.
  • Binson, B. 1993. Verbal communication with Dr Boonrod Binson, former Member for Thailand in the Mekong Committee, with Ti Le-Huu. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • Binson, B. and van der Oord, W.J. 1972. Planning the Development of the Water Resources of the Lower Mekong Lower Mekong Basin. Symposium on Planning of Water Resources Development, Mexico City. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Boualapha, C.; Southalack, P.; and Phiathep, O. 2002. Extracted from Strategic Planning and Management of Water Resources in Lao PDR. Country paper presented at Subregional Workshop for Southeast Asia on Application of the Guidelines on Strategic Planning and Management of Water Resources, jointly organized by UNESCAP and MRC in Phnom Penh, July 16–19 2002. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • Do Hong Phan. 1994. Infrastructure Projects in Thailand. Statement at the International Workshop on Infrastructure Project, Bangkok, May 11–12 1994. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • ____. 2003. Inputs for the Mekong Case Study. Prepared for the Water Resources Section, UNESCAP, January 2003. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • ECAFE. 1957. Development of Water Resources in the Lower Mekong Basin. Flood Control Series No. 12. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • FAO. 1959. A Survey of the Investigations Required for Planned Development of Agriculture, Forests, and Fisheries in the Lower Mekong Basin. FAO/59/2/938. Rome, FAO.
  • Hatda An Pich and Hak Mao. 2002. Extracted from Strategic Planning and Management of Water Resources in Cambodia. Country paper presented at Subregional Workshop for Southeast Asia on Application of the Guidelines on Strategic Planning and Management of Water Resources, jointly organized by UNESCAP and MRC in Phnom Penh, July 16–19 2002. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • IMC. 1988. Contributions to the Mekong Committee, 1958–85: Perspectives for Mekong Development, Summary Report, Revised Indicative Plan (1987) for the Development of Land, Water and Related Resources of the Lower Mekong Basin. Bangkok, IMC.
  • ____. 1989. A Historical Account (1957–89). Bangkok, Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • ____. 1993. An Overall Analysis of the Legal and Institutional Aspect of the Mekong Cooperation, by the Legal Study Team, Policy and Planning Division Bangkok, Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Japan Government. 1961. Comprehensive Reconnaissance Report on the Major Tributaries of the Lower Mekong Basin, by the Mekong Reconnaissance Team. Japan, Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Kieth, Ing 1995. Closing Statement of H.E. Mr Ing Kieth, Vice Premier of the Royal Government of Cambodia and Chairman of the MRC Council for 1995/1996, Informal Meeting of the Donor Consultative Group. Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Kristensen, J. and Lien Nguyen Duc, 2000. Experience in International Cooperation for Planning and Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin. Fourth Regional Consultation of the World Commission on Dams, Hanoi, Viet Nam, February 26–27 2000. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Maiklad Pramote et al. 1999. Development and Achievements in Flood Control and Management in Thailand. Regional Cooperation on Flood Control and Management in the Twenty-first Century in Asia and the Pacific. UNESCAP, ST/ESCAP/1948.
  • MC, 1962. Annual Report of the Committee for Coordination of Investigations of the Lower Mekong Basin to the UNECAFE (E/CN.11/577). Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • ____. 1970. Report of the Indicative Basin Plan for the Lower Mekong Basin. Bangkok, Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Millington, P., 2000. River Basin Management: Its Role in Major Water Infrastructure Projects. Thematic Review V.3 prepared as an input to the World Commission on Dams, Cape Town. www.dams.org
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  • MRC. 1995. Mekong River Commission Agreement, April 1995. Bangkok, Thailand.
  • ____. 1998. MRC Strategic Plan. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • ____. 2002. MRC home page. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • NEDECO. 1987. Revision of the Indicative Basin Plan for the Lower Mekong Basin, Inception Report (Mar 1987) and its Addendum (May 1987). Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • ____. 1988. Perspectives for Mekong Development (Revised Indicative Basin Plan-1987), Annex K: The Control of the Water Resources of the Mekong River. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • ____. 1988. Perspectives for Mekong Development, Working Documents, Annex A, Food Balance Study. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Phonekeo Khammone. 2003. Inputs for the Mekong Case Study. Prepared for the Water Resources Section, UNESCAP, January. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • Radosevich, G. and Olson, D. 2000. Existing and Emerging Basin Arrangements in Asia: Mekong River Commission Case Study. Paper presented at Third Workshop on River Basin Institution Development. Washington, D.C., World Bank.
  • SNC-LAVALIN. 1994. Flood Action Plan, Northeast Regional Water Management Project (FAP6), North-eastNortheast Regional Water Management Plan: Final Report. SNC-LAVALIN International-Northwest Hydraulic Consultants.
  • Sokhem Petch. 2003. Inputs for the Mekong Case Study. Prepared for the Water Resources Section, UNESCAP, January. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • To Trung Nghia. 2001. Vision on Viet Nam’s Water, Life, and Environment in the Twenty-First Century. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • United Nations. 1992. Agenda 21, Rio Declaration Forest Principles (Draft). Earth Summit, June 3–14 1992, Rio de Janeiro. New York, United Nations.
  • Webster, D. 1995. Note on Preparation of a Mekong Basin Development Plan. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission Secretariat.
  • Wheeler, R.A. 1958. Program of Studies and Investigations for Comprehensive Development: Lower Mekong Basin. United Nations Technical Assistance Mission, headed by Lt. Gen. R.A. Wheeler (TAA/AFE 3). Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • White Gilbert, F.; de Vries, E.; Dunkerley, H.B.; and Krutilla, J.V. 1962. Economic and Social Aspects of Lower Mekong Development. Bangkok, UNESCAP.
  • World Bank. 1993. Viet Nam Transition to the Market: An Economic Report. Report No. 11902- VN, Country Department I, East Asia and Pacific Region. Washington D.C., World Bank.
  • ____. 2001. Viet Nam, Country Assistance Evaluation. Report No. 23288, Operations Evaluation Department. Washington D.C., World Bank.
  • ____. 2002. UNESCAP and FAO-RAPA, 2000 and Viet Nam, Country Assistance Evaluation. Report No. 23288. Washington D.C., World Bank.
  • Yv Chan Tong and Associates. 1994. Study of Development Needs and Related Policies in Cambodia. PPD/IBP/9404. Phnom Penh, Mekong River Commission.
  • Zhang Hai-Lun. 2003. Inputs for the Mekong Case Study. Prepared for the Water Resources Section. Bangkok, UNESCAP.

See also

External Resources

Attachments

 PCCP Mekong case study.pdf

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