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Moldova is part of:
Eastern Europe · Europe & CIS ·
Water Basins of Moldova:
Cogilnic · Danube · Dniester · Kogilnik · Prut ·
Facts & Figures edit
Capital Chisinau
Neighbouring Countries Romania, Ukraine
Total Area 33,843 km2
  - Water 472 km2 (1.39%) / 139 m2/ha
  - Land 33,371 km2
Coastline 0 km
Population 4,128,047 (122 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.719 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 33.2 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $6,197 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $2,500
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 21,134 km2 (63.33%)
     - Arable 18,194 km2 (54.52%)
     - Permanent Crops 2,940 km2 (8.81%)
     - Irrigated 3,000 km2
  - Non cultivated 366,668 km2 (36.67%)
Average Annual RainfallD 450 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 11.7 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 2.31 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 33%
  - For Domestic Use 10%
  - For Industrial Use 58%
  - Per Capita 540 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 92%
     - Urban population 97%
     - Rural population 88%
  - Improved Sanitation 68%
     - Urban population 86%
     - Rural population 52%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including Moldova (more..):

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Through UNDP's new project, Moldova will become the champion among NICs to change the country's water quality standards from the old inherited Soviet system to the new EU Water Framework Directive approach.

The new UNDAF is expected to underline Water Governance as a key area; it will most probably contain water quality standards as one of the outputs of the framework.

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

All Moldovan rivers are part of the Black Sea basin and flow from the north-west to the south-east. The country's water network consists of the Nistru and Prut river systems, the rivers flowing into the Danube lakes, and the lakes in the vicinity of the Black Sea. There are 3 621 big and small rivers, permanent and temporary streams, of which only 9 are longer than 100 km. The flow of small rivers decreases in summer, sometimes drying up completely. The most intense floods take place in summer during the torrential rain season. There are 57 lakes with a total surface of 62.2 km2.

Groundwater resources are not uniformly distributed over the territory. The main water reserves are located in the Nistru river underlying aquifer. Moving further away from the river, the water supply of the water table decreases. Groundwater is extracted from the Cretaceous and Silurian formations (protozoic age), Baden Sarmatian, middle Sarmatian, upper Sarmatian (Neocene formations), and Meotian and Pontian geological layers.

The Republic of Moldova is located in a region of insufficient precipitation and has limited water resources. Medium and moderate droughts (respectively 70% and 90% of normal rainfall) have been reported 40% of the time over the past 50 years; severe droughts (less than 45% normal rainfalls) 4% of the time only.

The available overall aquatic resources are 6.3 billion m3 in a typical year, 4.9 billion m3 in a dry year and 3.4 billion m3 in an extremely droughty year. About 3.2 billion m3 of water are needed annually for all national economic sectors and for the supply of drinking water - of which about 2 billion m3 are used at the Moldovan Thermal Power Plant. The rest (1.2 billion m3) is used as follows: 63% for agriculture, 15% for household water supply, 14% for industry and 8% for building, transport and other uses. The Republic draws 56% of its water from the Nistru River, 16% from the Prut River, 8% from small rivers and 20% from underground resources (these data do not include phreatic water sources from rural regions.

The degradation of water resources is an urgent concern for Moldova. The Nistru and Prut river systems account for 90% of total surface waters in Moldova. Catchments for the rivers lie in the Ukrainian Carpathians and pass through Moldova into the Danube delta and Nistru liman which lie in Ukraine and Romania. These areas are classed as sensitive environments of European significance. Water reaching the territory of Moldova is of relatively good quality. Within Moldova, the classification of the Nistru and Prut rivers change to moderately polluted . In industrial areas, parts of both rivers are highly polluted . Read more about water resources in Moldova.

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities


Recently updated articles on Moldova
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See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Moldova

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Moldova

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Promoting Replication of Good Practices for Nutrient Reduction and Joint Collaboration in Central and Eastern Europe ‎(2,996 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Convergence with EU Water Quality Standards ‎(6,221 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Strengthening the Implementation Capacities for Nutrient Reduction and Transboundary Cooperation in the Danube River Basin ‎(14,128 views) . . WikiBot
  4. SDC - Better control of water in Moldova ‎(2,077 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Capacity and Community Building for Industrial Water Stewardship in the Danube/Black Sea region ‎(3,437 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Integrated River Basin Management in the Prut River Basin ‎(4,082 views) . . WikiBot

Case studies in or about Moldova

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See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Moldova


5 most recently updated publications on Moldova
  1. Moldova Environmental Performance Review 2005 (Draft) ‎(2,439 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Millennium Development Goals Report in the Republic of Moldova ‎(3,582 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. A Framework for Water Quality Standards in Rivers and Point Source Discharges ‎(5,161 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Proposed EU/Moldova Action Plan ‎(3,168 views) . . WikiBot

5 most popular publications on Moldova
  1. A Framework for Water Quality Standards in Rivers and Point Source Discharges ‎(5,161 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Millennium Development Goals Report in the Republic of Moldova ‎(3,582 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Proposed EU/Moldova Action Plan ‎(3,168 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Moldova Environmental Performance Review 2005 (Draft) ‎(2,439 views) . . Katy.norman

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Moldova

Who is Who

People working in Moldova
  1. Bo Libert ‎(5,995 views)
  2. Tamara Kutonova ‎(2,637 views)
  3. Vasile.filatov ‎(3,671 views)
  4. Margareta.petrusevschi ‎(1,045 views)

See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Moldova

Organizations working in Moldova

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See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Moldova


See also

External Resources

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