Nile

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The Nile Basin is part of / comprises: · Africa · Arab States · Eastern Africa · Middle Africa · Northern Africa ·
Countries sharing the Nile Basin: · Burundi · Central African Republic · Congo · Egypt · Eritrea · Ethiopia · Kenya · Rwanda · Sudan · Tanzania · Uganda ·
Facts & Figures edit
Catchment AreaA 853 km3
Recipient
Neighbouring BasinsA Awash, Baraka, Congo-Zaire, Gash, Lake Chad, Lake Natron, Lake Turkana, Lotagipi Swamp,
PopulationA 160,000,000
Population DensityA 53 /km2
DischargeA 330 km3/yr
Surface Area m3
Average Depth m
Water Volume m2
Water Stress 2000 m3/person/year
Average Precipitation mm/yr
Evaporation mm/yr
Runoff 107000 mm/yr
Land Use
Irrigated Area 52200 km2
Irrigable Area 2710000 km2
No. of DamsA 12
Dam Density 0.1 dams/km2
Total Water Withdrawals km3
  For Agricultural Use
  For Domestic Use
  For Industrial Use
Renewable Water Available (m3/yr/pers)
References & Remarks
A Transboundary Freshwater Spatial Database, Oregon University

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps

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Contents

News

Water Basin Profile: Physical and Hydrological Characteristics

Water Basin Profile: Socio-Economic and Environmental Issues

Creating a more cooperative environment for management of the Nile River has been an aim in the region for centuries. In recent years political conditions in basin countries have provided a window of opportunity for progress on cooperative development of the shared waters. With the support of external agencies, since the late 1990s nine of the ten Nile riparian countries have begun a process of institutional development that has cemented cooperation and charted a way towards future development in the Nile basin. Yet, the main issue remains to put this institutional development and cooperative thinking into practice through the development of projects of mutual benefit that are sustainable and can alleviate the worst poverty.

This key challenge is being faced by the parties to the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI). Based in Entebbe, Uganda, the NBI, with representatives of all basin states except Eritrea, is helping coordinate two programmes with broad development agendas. The implementation of these programmes is now paramount. Success in cooperation needs to be followed by a transition to development activities, which should become the mainstay of this initiative, aiming to move towards benefit sharing rather than water sharing. Meanwhile, a 1959 agreement between Sudan and Egypt is still the basis for allocation of the Nile River water resources. Accordingly, the average annual flow of 84 billion m3 is divided between the two countries: Egypt receives 55.5 billion m3 and Sudan 18.5 billion m3 (measured at Aswan Dam in southern Egypt); some 10 billion m3 is assumed to be lost to evaporation from the reservoir of Aswan Dam.

Water Basin Profile: Transboundary Political and Institutional Setting

Water Basin Profile: Emerging Challenges and Opportunities for the Future

Articles

Recently updated articles on Nile
  1. Nile Basin Initiative ‎(5,206 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Nile/Maps ‎(1,059 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Nile/articles ‎(1,290 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Nile/projects ‎(1,264 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Nile/publications ‎(1,496 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Nile/who is who ‎(1,070 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Nile

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Nile

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP) ‎(3,602 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Control of Water Hyacinth in Speke Gulf Project, Tanzania ‎(3,213 views) . . WikiBot


Case studies in or about Nile

(by popularity)

  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin ‎(53,488 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation ‎(10,446 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Nile

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on Nile
  1. Regional Water Intelligence Report: The Nile Basin and Southern Sudan Referendum ‎(1,572 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin ‎(53,488 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation ‎(10,446 views) . . Katy.norman


5 most popular publications on Nile
  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin ‎(53,488 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation ‎(10,446 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Regional Water Intelligence Report: The Nile Basin and Southern Sudan Referendum ‎(1,572 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Nile

Who is Who

People working in Nile

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Organizations working in Nile

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References

See also

External Resources

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