Papua New Guinea


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Papua New Guinea is part of:
Asia & Pacific · Australasia · Pacific Islands ·
Water Basins of Papua New Guinea:
Fly · Sepik · Tami · Tjeroaka-Wanggoe ·
Facts & Figures edit
Capital Port Moresby
Neighbouring Countries Indonesia
Total Area 462,840 km2
  - Water 9,980 km2 (2.16%) / 216 m2/ha
  - Land 452,860 km2
Coastline 5,152 km
Population 5,887,138 (12.7 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.516 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 50.9 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $6,363 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $4,300
National UN Presence UNDP, UNHCR, WHO, UNICEF, WB
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 8,559 km2 (1.89%)
     - Arable 2,219 km2 (0.49%)
     - Permanent Crops 6,340 km2 (1.4%)
     - Irrigated km2
  - Non cultivated 314,562 km2 (98.11%)
Average Annual RainfallD 3142 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 801 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 0.071 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 1%
  - For Domestic Use 56%
  - For Industrial Use 42%
  - Per Capita 90 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 39%
     - Urban population 88%
     - Rural population 32%
  - Improved Sanitation 44%
     - Urban population 67%
     - Rural population 41%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including Papua New Guinea (more..):

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Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

The overriding challenge in most situations is to deliver water at the right quantity and quality for a given use. In rural Papua New Guinea, only 20% of the population have access to an improved water supply which includes public standpipes, boreholes, protected wells or springs. For the rest of the population, water is directly taken from the source. In the urban areas which Papua New Guinea Waterboard services, 91% have access to treated and reticulated water but only 60% of these households get piped water directly into their houses.

While the water resources available in a catchment is initially subject to natural climatic and geophysical conditions, various land uses and waste disposal linked to population growth is also affecting the capacity to supply in terms of quantity and quality to cater for ranges of water uses.

Currently, there are few catchments that are directly accessible to the main urban towns and cities in Papua New Guinea. The development of these sources to sustain the demand is difficult with settlers settling in critical areas like at headwaters causing concern for pollution to the original source etc. Landuses such as agriculture, cultivating crops that consume more water deprives other users to benefit from the same source. Catchments such as Laloki (proposed demonstration site), Wahgi and Bumbu are over stressed with poor quality yields and high demand from various users.

Additionally, there no proper catchment management plans that would dictate the landuse type in the area and equally distribute water resources. The constant increase in population has pushed communities and settlements to move into catchments that could not support different agricultural landuses causing stress to environment and water resources. Clearing of riverbanks are causing increasing erosion and depositing them into waterways.

The other main concern is to develop a policy to regulate activities within critical catchments and provide for equal distribution of the resources to all users.


Recently updated articles on Papua New Guinea
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Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Papua New Guinea

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  1. Pacific Islands Oceanic Fisheries Management Project ‎(3,067 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Locally Managed Marine Area Network (LMMA), Papua New Guinea ‎(2,098 views) . . WikiBot

Case studies in or about Papua New Guinea

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5 most recently updated publications on Papua New Guinea
  1. National IWRM Diagnostic Report Papua New Guinea ‎(2,253 views) . . Katy.norman

5 most popular publications on Papua New Guinea
  1. National IWRM Diagnostic Report Papua New Guinea ‎(2,253 views) . . Katy.norman

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Who is Who

People working in Papua New Guinea

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See also

External Resources



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