Paris Declaration


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At the High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, held in Paris from 28 February to 2 March 2005, Ministers of developed and developing countries, responsible for promoting development and Heads of multilateral and bilateral development institutions, representing 90 countries and 26 multilateral organisations, resolved to take far-reaching and monitorable actions to reform the ways they deliver and manage aid. The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, is an international agreement to which over one hundred Ministers, Heads of Agencies and other Senior Officials adhered and committed their countries and organisations to continue to increase efforts in harmonisation, alignment and managing aid for results with a set of monitorable actions and indicators. It was endorsed on March 2nd, 2005.


How will the Paris Declaration increase the impact of aid?

Three main reasons exist for why the impact of aid will increase under the Paris Declaration.

  1. The Paris Declaration transcends previous Agreements: Rather than an Agreement of general principles, the Paris Declaration lays down a practical, action-orientated roadmap to improve the quality of aid and its impact on development. The 56 partnership commitments are organised around the five key principles of ownership, alignment, harmonisation, managing for results, and mutual accountability.
  2. Twelve Paris Declaration/Indicators have been developed to monitor progress in achieving results. These indicators of aid effectiveness were developed as a way of tracking and encouraging progress against the broader set of partnership commitments. Targets for the year 2010 have been set for 11 of the indicators and are designed to encourage progress at the global level among the countries and organisations adhering to the Paris Declaration.
  3. Stronger Mechanisms of Accountability have been created under the Paris Declaration. The model of partnership promoted by the Paris Declaration improves transparency and accountability in the use of development resources, and recognises that for aid to become truly effective, stronger and more balanced, accountability mechanisms are required at different levels. At the international level, the Paris Declaration constitutes a mechanism which donors and recipients of aid are held mutually accountable to each other and compliance in meeting the commitments will be publicly monitored. At the country level, the Paris Declaration encourages donors and partners to jointly assess mutual progress in implementing agreed commitments on aid effectiveness by making best use of local mechanisms.

At present, accountability requirements are often harder on developing countries than donors, yet aid is more effective when partner countries exercise strong and effective leadership over their development policies and strategies. It is for this reason that ownership -developing countries exercising strong and effective leadership over their development policies and strategies - is the fundamental tenet underpinning the Paris Declaration.

Commitments under the Paris Declaration

Those countries and organisations adhering to the Paris Declaration have, inter alia, made the following committments:

  • Developing countries will exercise effective leadership over their development policies, strategies, and to coordinate development actions;
  • Donor countries will base their overall support on receiving countries' national development strategies, institutions, and procedures;
  • Donor countries will work so that their actions are more harmonized, transparent, and collectively effective;
  • All countries will manage resources and improve decision-making for results;
  • Donor and developing countries pledge that they will be mutually accountable for development results.

Who is adhering to the Paris Declaration?

Countries and Territories

Afghanistan | Albania | Argentina | Australia | Austria | Bangladesh | Belgium | Benin | Bolivia | Botswana | Brazil* | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cambodia | Cameroon | Canada | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | China | Colombia | Comoros | Congo | Cook Islands | Czech Republic | Denmark | Djibouti | Dominican Republic | East Timor | Egypt | Estonia | Ethiopia | European Commission | Fiji | Finland | France | Gabon | Gambia | Germany | Ghana | Greece | Guatemala | Guinea | Guyana | Haiti | Honduras | Hungary | Iceland | India | Indonesia | Iraq | Ireland | Israel | Italy | Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) | Jamaica | Japan | Jordan | Kenya | Korea | Kuwait | Kyrgyzstan | Laos | Lesotho | Luxembourg | Madagascar | Malawi | Malaysia | Mali | Mauritiania | Mexico | Moldova | Mongolia | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Nepal | Netherlands | New Zealand | Nicaragua | Niger | Nigeria | Norway | Pakistan | Palestinian territories | Papua New Guinea | Peru | Philippines | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | Rwanda | Samoa | Sao Tome & Principe | Saudi Arabia | Senegal | Serbia and Montenegro | Sierra Leone | Slovakia | Slovenia | Solomon Islands | South Africa | Spain | Sri Lanka | Sudan | Swaziland | Sweden | Switzerland | Syria | Tajikistan | Tanzania | Thailand | Togo | Tonga | Tunisia | Turkey | Uganda | Ukraine | United Kingdom | United States of America | Vanuatu | Vietnam | Yemen | Zambia

  • To be Confirmed

International Organisations

African Development Bank | Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa | Asian Development Bank | Commonwealth Secretariat | Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest (CGAP) | Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) | Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) | Education for All Fast Track Initiative (EFA-FTI) | European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) | European Investment Bank (EIB) | Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria | G24 | Inter-American Development Bank | International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) | International Monetary Fund (IMF) | International Organisation of the Francophonie | Islamic Development Bank | Millennium Campaign | New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) | Nordic Development Fund | Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) | Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) | OPEC Fund for International Development | Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat | United Nations Development Group (UNDG) | World Bank | GAVI Alliance

External Resources

(For an updated list, see OECD Website)


Full Text of the Paris Declaration  Paris Declaration.pdf

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