Programme on Human Rights Based Approaches (HRBA) in Suport of Water Supply and Sanitation - a discussion paper


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edit  ·  Toolkit Human Rights-Based Approach (HRBA) to Water Governance
UNDP Regional HRBA to Water Programme for Europe & CIS

Detailed documentation: Background | Regional aspects | Regional Programme | Methodology
PHASE 1: Checklist (Bosnia and Herzegovina | Georgia | Moldova | Tajikistan | Turkey | Ukraine)
PHASE 2: Country Sector Assessments and Proposed Projects (Bosnia and Herzegovina | Tajikistan | Kosovo | Serbia) | Bibliography

Legal Framework: The Rights to Water and Sanitation in International Law | Regional Law | National Law
WaterWiki-resources:Rights to Water and Sanitation: A Handbook for Activists | UN Human Rights Council Resolution on Water and Sanitation | UN Recognises Access to Clean Water as a Basic Human Right | Human Rights-Based Approach | Applying a HRBA to Water:A Case Study | Water-related Legislation and Conventions | The Right to Water - WHO Publication | A UN Convention on the Right to Water - An Idea Whose Time Has Come | International Conference on the Right to Water and Sanitation in Theory and Practice | Q&A: The Right to Water | General Comment 15 (2002) | Q&A: Water Governance | Water and Health | Equitable Access to Water and Human Rights | European Union Water Framework Directive | Essay: What exactly is “The Right to Water”? | Protocol on Water and Health | Protocol on Water and Health/Q&A | Lessons Learned From Rights-Based Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region | Human Rights-Based Approach Strategies adopted by UNICEF Laos | Utility Privatisation through the Lens of Human Rights | The Right to Water - From Concept to Implementation | The Human Right to Water:Translating Theory into Practice | Report of the Seminar on Human Rights and MDGs, May 2009
External resources: HRBA and Water Governance Fast Facts - UNDP | Applying a HRBA to Developing Cooperation and Programming (UNDP, 2006) | COHRE Manual on the Right to Water and Sanitation | Protocol on Water and Health - Full Document) | COHRE Monitoring Implementation of the Right to Water: A Framework for Developing Indicators | Sub-commission guidelines for the realisation of the right to drinking water and sanitation (2005) | UNFPA - A HRBA to Programming, Practical Implementation Manual and Training Materials (2010) | Operational Guidelines for Implementing a Rights-Based Approach in Water and Sanitation Programming (CoHRE,2008) | COHRE Monitoring Implementation of the Right to Water: A Framework for Developing Indicators | FAQs on a HRBA to Development Cooperation | The Human Rights-Based Approach to Development - The Right to Water | UN Independent Expert Report on the issue of human rights obligations related to water and sanitation 2009 | UN Independent Expert Report on MDGs and right to water and sanitation 2010
Websites: The Rights to Water and Sanitation Information Portal | UN Independent Expert on Right to Water and Sanitation Webpage

This is the workspace to develop the RBEC/BRC programme on "HRBA to Water Supply and Sanitaton" - for questions, please contact Esther Pozo, Claire Dupont (the consultants working on it) or Juerg Staudenmann.



How to link Access to Water Supply and Sanitation to Human Rights Based Approaches?

See also article on Water as Human Right

Recent discussions and global trends

  • Next World Water Conference (Istanbul) ...



UNDP's work and strategy

Water Supply and Sanitation

Human Development Report 2006: Beyond Water Scarcity...
The first out of four main recommendation (on WSS claims to need to "Make water a Human Right - and mean it".

New Water Governance Strategy
This newly adopted global strategy is following up on the HDR 2006's recommendations, and in particular focuses on "National Planning" and "Local Action" towards "Equitable Access to Water & Sanitation".

Human Rights

UNDP Global Human Rights Strengthening Programme (2007-2011) - see attached)
Under the objective to strengthen a HRBA in all UNDP practice areas, this new programme specifically refers to "Further strengthen the ongoing work on water and HRBA, notably by linking the HRBA and Integrated Waster Resources Management (IWRM)" (output 2.7, page 25), through pilots, tools and workshops.

External Factors: Policies, programs and trends in the region

Protocol on Water and Health

  • A pioneering piece of legislation, even on the global level, which can be interpreted as enshrining Water as Human Right.
  • A working programme was endorsed that foresee i.a. pilot projects ...ELABORATE...
  • Round table discussion focused on links HR - Protocol ...ELABORATE...



Concept / Idea

A Programme with activities "on the ground" in selected (pilot) countries


Capacity Development



  1. Select Pilot countries
  2. Develop tailored Capacity Development projects

Use UNDP's internal capacity:

  • BRC water and HR experts
  • CO network and local knowledge / management capacity
  • Oslo Center ..
  • Stockholm Water Governance Facility
  • BDP HR & Water expertise capacity
Management Arrangements
BRC-implementation through COs

(Potential) Partners

UNDP/BDP NY (HR | Water)

Legal / "depository organization" of the Protocol (with WHO)


Next Steps

  1. Draft Discussion Paper (this page)
  2. Consult UNDP-internally (BRC, BDP NY, ...)
  3. Meeting with Swiss (together with UNECE) -> brainstorming on potential ideas for programme & collaboration
  4. Meeting with SIDA -> on possible support
  5. Narrow/define scope (topics, geographical focus, time and budget scale)
  6. Draft Programme concept (with concrete project activities)

Further Readings




 BDP global human rights strengthening programme-GHRSP07.doc

COHRE Manual on the Right to Water and Sanitation

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