Progress on Sanitation & Drinking Water: 2010 Update

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Publication Title

Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water - 2010 Update

Publication Type

WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Report

Author(s)

Publication Date

March 2010

ISBN-ISSN-EAN

Publication URL

Contact

World Health Organization,
20 Avenue Appia,

1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland

bookorders@who.int

Contents

Summary

This report describes the status and trends with respect to the use of safe drinking-water and basic sanitation, and progress made towards the MDG drinking-water and sanitation target.

As the world approaches 2015, it becomes increasingly important to identify who are being left behind and to focus on the challenges of addressing their needs. This report presents some striking disparities: the gap between progress in providing access to drinking-water versus sanitation; the divide between urban and rural populations in terms of the services provided; differences in the way different regions are performing, bearing in mind that they started from different baselines; and disparities between different socioeconomic strata in society.

Each JMP report assesses the situation and trends anew and so this JMP report supersedes previous reports. The information presented in this report includes data from household surveys and censuses completed during the period 2007-2008. It also incorporates datasets from earlier surveys and censuses that have become available to JMP since the publication of the previous JMP report in 2008. In total, data from around 300 surveys and censuses covering the period 1985 - 2008, has been added to the JMP database.

The updated estimates for 2008, 2000 and 1990 are given in the statistical table starting on page 38. This table for the first time shows the number of people who gained access to improved sanitation and drinking-water sources in the period 1990-2008.

It is important to note that the data in this report do not yet reflect the efforts of the International Year of Sanitation 2008, which mobilized renewed support around the world to stop the practice of open defecation and to promote the use of latrines and toilets.

Content

Introduction ........................................................2
STATUS AND PROGRESS TOWARDS THE MDG TARGET
Billions without improved sanitation....................................6
Millions without improved sources of drinking-water.....................7
Sanitation - world off track for MDG target ..............................8
Drinking-water - world on track for MDG target ..........................9
Sanitation ladder - global and regional trends .........................12
Drinking-water ladder - global and regional trends .....................13
URBAN-RURAL DISPARITIES
Sanitation - urban-rural disparities.....................................16
Drinking-water - urban-rural disparities ................................18
A CLOSER LOOK AT THE LADDERS
Open defecation.......................................................22
Shared and unimproved sanitation facilities............................23
Piped water on premises and other improved sources of drinking-water.....................25
ADDITIONAL PERSPECTIVES
Time to collect drinking-water.......................................28
Collection of drinking-water - gender disparities.......................29
Socioeconomic disparities - Sub-Saharan Africa......................30
JMP METHOD
JMP method explained .............................................34
STATISTICAL TABLE
Progress on sanitation and drinking-water - country, regional and global .................................38
ANNEXES
Annex A Millennium Development Goals - regional groupings....................................................53
Annex B Global and regional sanitation ladders - urban and rural.............54
Annex C Global and regional drinking-water ladders - urban and rural...................55

References

See also

Progress in Drinking Water and Sanitation: A special focus on Sanitation

WHO

UNICEF

External Resources

Report Press Release

Joint Monitoring Programme Website

Attachments

 JMPProgessonWatSan2010Update.pdf

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