Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS)


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Terms & Synonyms

Rural Water Supply and Sanitation

Official WHO Definition

Other Definitions

RWSS is necessary if the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are to be met, as some 70% of the world's poor live in rural areas. Much has been learned about how to make investments in rural water supply and sanitation effective and sustainable.
  1. Decentralizing management to the lowest appropriate level, coupled with close community involvement in planning, financing, implementation, and operations provides a solid foundation for sustainable services.
  2. Implementing rural WSS within a broad development context allows institutions to respond to and support a range of community needs in a cost-effective and holistic manner.
  3. Integrating sanitation and hygiene measures into rural WSS projects ensures that health benefits from increasing water supply coverage are realized.
  4. Addressing post-construction sustainability ensures that institutions, funds, and expertise are available to keep rural water supply systems viable and functional.


Interpretations and Explanations

Additional Information

WSP Rural Water Supply and Sanitation

Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Fund Development Board

World Bank RWSS


Water Supply and Sanitation (RWSS) WHO-Lexicon page (translations and examples)

See also

  1. Central Asia – Regional and National Water Sector Review
  2. Kyrgyzstan: DFID/WB - Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project
  3. Managing the Flow of Monitoring Information to Improve Rural Sanitation in East Java
  4. Reforming Municipal Water Supply Systems in Rural Areas of Crimea
  5. Rehabilitation of Rural Water Supply Systems, sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion through schools in Khatlon Region, Tajikistan
  6. Rural Water Supply & Sanitation 2
  7. Rural Water Supply Project Kazakhstan

External Resources


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