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Serbia is part of:
Balkans · Europe & CIS · South East Europe ·
Water Basins of Serbia:
Danube · Sava · Struma · Tisza · Vardar ·
Facts & Figures edit
Capital Belgrade
Neighbouring Countries Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania
Total Area 77,474 km2
  - Water 0 km2 (0.00%) / 0 m2/ha
  - Land 77,474 km2
Coastline 199 km
Population 7,800,000 (100 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.821 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA n/a (1995)
Nominal GDPB $52,180 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $8,200
National UN Presence FAO, UNDP, UNHCR, WHO, UNICEF, WB, UN-Habitat
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land km2 (%)
     - Arable km2 (33.18%)
     - Permanent Crops km2 (3.2%)
     - Irrigated km2
  - Non cultivated 514,868 km2 (63.62%)
Average Annual RainfallD 795 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 208.5 km3
Water WithdrawalsF km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 7%
  - For Domestic Use n/a
  - For Industrial Use n/a
  - Per Capita m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 93%
     - Urban population 99%
     - Rural population 86%
  - Improved Sanitation 87%
     - Urban population 97%
     - Rural population 77%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

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Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

The country of Serbia and Montenegro split into the two independent countries of Serbia and Montenegro in June 2006

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

The Republic of Serbia covers an area of 88,361 km² and includes two provinces: Vojvodina (21,506 km²) and Kosovo and Metohija (10,887 km²); the latter being currently under an international protectorate. 92% of the country (81,374 km²) lies within the Danube Basin (accounting for 10% of the Basin) (ICPDR 2006), and is composed of five sub-river basins of the Danube River basin: the Sava; the Morava; the Tisza; Banat-Eastern Serbia; and the Pannonian Central Danube. Each of these sub-river basins crosses international boundaries (although the Morava sub-river basin only has a limited area within Bulgaria) (EAR 2005). Approximately 90% of all Serbia’s accessible water originates from outside its territory. International cooperation on water issues is thus vital for Serbia (ICPDR 2006).

Low quality and shortage of drinking water increasingly affects populations in smaller cities and rural areas, and to a lesser extent those of the major urban centres. Most small communities (<2000 people) do not have wastewater treatment plants and a number of existing plants are not operational. As a large proportion of the population lives in small settlements, proper wastewater management is important (ICPDR 2006).

Supply and quality of piped drinking water in small urban areas in Serbia have deteriorated in recent years due to lack of sufficient management and reinvestments, whereas rural communities continue to rely on uncontrolled private wells or piped community systems of which 90 per cent do not meet bacteriological standards. A consequence is an increased number of water-borne diseases (especially shigellosis) and a higher incidence of diarrhoeal diseases among children with school children being at particular risk.

Access to safe water

According to the Poverty Reduction Strategy for Serbia (Belgrade, 2003), "Health status data indicate that in Serbia water related diseases are not a significant contributor to the burden of chronic or acute disease (WHO, 2000; UNICEF, 2001). Mortality among infants and children under five, a common indicator of water supply and sanitation conditions, has declined by one half during the 1990s and is associated with improved household sanitation and improved treatment for diarrhoea and acute respiratory disease. The under-five mortality rate for diarrhoea declined by 38.2% during the 1990-97 period (UNICEF 2001). However there are some indications that the situation is changing. Deterioration in the situation of drinking water may well reverse the positive trend in under-five mortality rate. Recent epidemiological studies on health and environment have found linkages between living conditions, drinking water quality and health. The situation is particularly acute for urban slums, populated by refugees, Roma and IDPs, as they lack the resources to purchase bottled water."

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities


Recently updated articles on Serbia
  1. Serbia/Maps ‎(1,040 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Serbia/articles ‎(1,237 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Serbia/projects ‎(1,303 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Serbia/publications ‎(1,147 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Serbia/who is who ‎(1,547 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Situation in South-Eastern Europe ‎(7,339 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Financial aspects of water supply and sanitation in transboundary waters of South-Eastern Europe ‎(3,158 views) . . Katy.norman

See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Serbia

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Serbia

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Improving resilience of the Tisza River basin to fluctuating climatic regimes through development and adoption of a Strategic Action Programme ‎(1,475 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Tisza community-led demonstration regional project for sustainable development and integrated land and water management ‎(2,874 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Strengthening capacities in the Western Balkans countries to address environmental problems ‎(3,054 views) . . WikiBot

Case studies in or about Serbia

(by popularity)

  1. Enhancing Access to Information and Public Participation in Environmental Decision-making ‎(22,203 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Serbia/sector assessment ‎(18,825 views) . . Katy.norman

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Serbia


5 most recently updated publications on Serbia
  1. Stuck in the Past ‎(3,499 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Environmental Performance Review Chapter 5 Management of Water Resources in Serbia and Montenegro ‎(3,593 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Assessment of the Management of Shared Lake Basins in Southeastern Europe ‎(3,935 views) . . WikiBot

5 most popular publications on Serbia
  1. Assessment of the Management of Shared Lake Basins in Southeastern Europe ‎(3,935 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Environmental Performance Review Chapter 5 Management of Water Resources in Serbia and Montenegro ‎(3,593 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Stuck in the Past ‎(3,499 views) . . Katy.norman

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Serbia

Who is Who

People working in Serbia
  1. Milena.kozomara ‎(1,074 views)
  2. Radomir.Buric ‎(3,193 views)
  3. Aleksandar.macura ‎(3,627 views)
  4. Mihailo Djukic ‎(1,816 views)

See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Serbia

Organizations working in Serbia
  1. International Sava River Basin Commission ‎(1,708 views) . . WikiBot
  2. International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River ‎(4,780 views) . . Katy.norman

See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Serbia


See also

External Resources



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