Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment


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Publication Title

Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment

Publication Type



United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)

Publication Date

June 2007


ISBN: 978-92-807-2702-9

Publication URL




For most of Sudan, it is now time to focus on recovery, reconstruction and development. In this context, the Government of National Unity and the Government of Southern Sudan requested UNEP to conduct an environmental assessment of the country in order to evaluate the state of Sudan’s environment and identify the key environmental challenges ahead.

This report presents the findings of the fieldwork, analysis and extensive consultations that were carried out between December 2005 and March 2007, and contains:

  • an overview of the environment of Sudan and the assessment process;
  • analysis and recommendations for the major crosscutting issues of climate change, desertification, conflict, and population displacement; and
  • analysis and recommendations for key environmental issues in nine different sector(urban/health, industry, agriculture, forestry, water, wildlife, marine environment, law and foreign aid).

UNEP’s investigation has shown that peace and people’s livelihoods in Darfur as well as in the rest of Sudan are inextricably linked to the environmental challenge. Just as environmental degradation can contribute to the triggering and perpetuation of conflict, the sustainable management of natural resources can provide the basis for long-term stability, sustainable livelihoods, and development. It is nowcritical that both national and local leadership prioritize environmental awareness and opportunities for the sustainable management of natural resources in Sudan.


Foreword and Executive Summary

Chapter 1 – Introduction

Chapter 2 – Country Context

Chapter 3 – Natural Disasters [1]

Chapter 4 – Conflict and the Environment [2]

Chapter 5 – Population Displacement

Chapter 6 – Urban Environment

Chapter 7 – Industry and the Environment

Chapter 8 – Agriculture and the Environment

Chapter 9 – Forest Resources

Chapter 10 – Freshwater Resources [3]

Chapter 11 – Wildlife and Protected Areas

Chapter 12 – Marine Environments

Chapter 13 – Environmental Governance

Chapter 14 – International Aid

Chapter 15 – Conclusions



See also


External Resources


 UNEP Sudan Post Conflict Environmental Asessment synthesis.pdf

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