Support of water control for economic initiatives and environmental protection handled by women in the rural communes Diago and Kambila

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Project ID

MLI/CWI/2009/06

Project Title

Support of water control for economic initiatives and environmental protection handled by women in the rural communes Diago and Kambila

Type

Freshwater, Water Supply and Sanitation

Focus Areas

International Waters

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners

Grantee: Groupe d’Entraide pour la Promotion de la Famille - GEPF (Non-government Organization)

Financing

Total: $19,413

Timeframe

7/2009 - 12/2010

Status

Project website(s)

Contacts

Contents

Description

Summary This project is for meeting the drinking water needs of the population of the villages DIAGO and KAMBILA in the circle Kati. It will allow members of the concerned groups to benefit from the availability of drinking water at all times to carry out activities such as gardening outside of the season and investing in environmental protection. The realisation of the project will be a factor in improving the living conditions in the area: • A significant contribution to water management in both locations in a context characterized by a decrease in rainfall due to climate change, • Support the development of alternatives to the abusive exploitation of scarce natural resources by women such as wood cutting and gathering of unripe fruits, • A more sustained investment of the women in two groups of environmental protection: the production and the planting of local species

Context: The rainfall deficit in the area regularly leads to scarcity of surface water immediately after the rainy season and the drying up of wells that are mostly traditional and shallow. The livestock traders, who are attending the cattle market of Kati DraI make the area a place of transit and housing animals, thus increasing the threat to forest resources by overgrazing. The development of gardening which is the main activity outside of the season in the locality is practiced on a large scale by women's groups that are organized or not organized around the water points. In a long period with a water deficit, the huge need for this activity is becoming increasingly incompatible with those related to the breeding of livestock resulting in many disputes. Thus, we have seen a fierce competition for available water between growers and breeders in the area. This deficit is exacerbated by environmental degradation caused by human actions like deforestation and the effects of climate change show themselves in events like floods or insufficient rainfall. Under these conditions, the target population, particularly women, become highly vulnerable to climate change. The difficult access to water for people and particularly women of the villages Diago and Kambila have adverse consequences on health and the economy that result in: - The resurgence of diseases related to water, - Fetching of water for women and children, particularly girls, - Development of the difficult activities outside of the season that are desired by women and that are alternatives to adapt to climate change to replace the abusive exploitation of forest resources, - The exodus of young people. Aware of this, women in Kambila and Diago sought the support of GEPF to help reverse this trend and adapt to harder climatic conditions. The intervention of the GEPF comes in at the support of technical and material issues that the groups negotiate as part of start-up of gardening. The project will allow, on the one hand, to improve the health of the population by reducing water-related diseases. On the other hand, it will enable women to increase their incomes by diversifying their products and by investing more in promoting socioeconomic development in their communities.

Specific objectives: • Improve the access rate of the populations of villages and Diago Kambila to drinking water; • Encourage the promotion of economic activities of season against women of the villages and Kambila Diago; • Contribute to improved management of water resources by the populations of villages and Kambila Diago.

Activities and strategies: 1. Information campaign and awareness: It consits of the implementation of an awareness campaign that will address issues related to water and sanitation and the availability and management of water resources in the context of climate change. 2. Implementation and management of water points: This activity will focus on the digging of a well with a diameter of 30 meters in Diago, a well enlarged to 25 meters in diameter in Kambila, six traditional wells for public use will be identified in the two villages and will be developed according to the techniques required to build structures, prevent water contamination and ensure better livestock watering. All work will be entrusted to a specialized company that is retained after a limited tender is carried out under the supervision and management of the committees. The beneficiaries will contribute to the work by the availability of unskilled labor as required, with local materials and the hosting of company personnel. 3. The capacity of the beneficiaries: In each village a committee for water management consisting of 10 members including 5 women, representatives of the two groups, two men and two representatives of the City will be set up The formation of the committees will be organized in a 5 day session for members of the management committees to introduce IWRM, management and maintenance of the works, the simple techniques of capture and water conservation on the surface and the process of registering a need in the PDSEC. A series of 10 training sessions for common practice will be provided to 100 members of the women's groups involved in activities outside of the season and members of the management committees on the techniques of composting, fodder production, land reclamation, operating nurseries and reforestation ... As part of strengthening cooperation between the people and the town councils, the project will support the maintenance and institutionalization of regular meetings between the Water Boards and local councils around the issue of water. 4. Support the activities of environmental protection: The NGOs will provide technical support to individual and collective initiatives by following the lead of the women: - Production and plantation of species, - Production of forage crops , - Promotion of Jatropha hedges on degraded land around the perimeter gardens and natural water sources.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Achieved results: •People understand the link between water availability, use, health and the environment. • At least 70% of the population of two villages use water from modern water points and the existing ones (water points) are improved • Six community traditional wells in both villages are expanded • Two additional permanent water points are available in DIAGO and KAMBILA; • Two hectares are used by women for activities outside of the agricultural season; • At least three hundred women are directly involved in activities outside of the season; • At least one new economic activity is carried out by women in the villages; • A collective nursery of local species is operated by women in the two villages of the project; • Several activities of environmental protection are relized by the villages; • Two management committees for village water points are operational; • The committees are able to play their role as water manager; • The partnership between the municipalities and communities to manage water is effective.

Impacts: The improvement of the living conditions and a better adaptation to the phenomenon of climate change in the villages DIAGO and KAMBIL.

Lessons for Replication

References

See also

External Resources

Attachments

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