Supporting the return/Resettlement of IDP/Expelles to communities, Eritrea


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Project ID

Project Title

Supporting the return/Resettlement of IDP/Expelles to communities, Eritrea


Water Supply and Sanitation

Focus Areas

Geographic Scope

Lead Organization(s)

Project Partners



Total: $3,849,209;

Sources of Financing: UNDP(Core)= $1,654,169; Norway = $1,142,277; USAID = $786,797; Netherlands = $63,240; Italy = $202,726;


2006 - 2008



Project website(s)





The war has destroyed the means of livelihood of the IDPs and expellees. Their shelter, agricultural assets, water supply systems, education and health systems have been severely damaged. Most of their areas have been made unsafe through landmines. It is obvious that the expellees cannot return to Ethiopia. Some of the IDPs have lost their villages to the Ethiopian side, hence they cannot return to their place of origin. These displaced persons have been in the emergency camps since about six years under emergency aid which time is quite long for an abnormal way of life. The IDPs and expellees need to be rehabilitated to their normal way of living. To achieve this, they need to return to their villages of origin and those who have lost their villages and the expellees should be provided with new places of settlement. For this purpose, they require assistance for recovery that leads towards self-reliance in livelihood.

The goal of the programme is the “resettlement and self-reliance in livelihoods for 40,398 individual IDPs and Expellees in Gash-Barka and Debub Administration Regions through rehabilitation of economic activities, re-established social services, and socio-economic infrastructure and ultimately food security is achieved”.

Overall objectives
  1. Ensure a smooth and successful reintegration of some 10,293 IDP families within the villages of their return;
  2. Support vulnerable families, women and children especially in ensuring adequate social service access (water, education, and food/nutrition, health) and ability to be sheltered in the immediate and long term, as well as to have access to livelihood opportunities.
  3. Reduction of land mine accidents through mine risks education.
  4. Monitoring the integration capacities of host villages and viability of sustainable settlement and eventual self-sufficiency of returnees

To achieve these objectives the project includes water supply schemes consisted of 4 boreholes, 3 micro dams, 3 spring developments,and 1 improving recharging capacity; benefiting 2889 households, providing access to safe drinking water, within the vicinity of returnee IDPs reducing water fetching time, energy and money.

Expected Outcomes

Achievements: Results and Impact

Lessons for Replication



See also

  1. Water Conflict and Cooperation/Nile River Basin
  2. The Nile: Moving Beyond Cooperation
  3. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP)

External Resources


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