Tajikistan/sector assessment annexes

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Contents

Annex 1. International Aid – Water Projects and Programmes in Tajikistan

  • Oxfam - Oxfam’s work in the WASH sector involves information gathering, fieldwork in Khatlon Oblast on water supply and sanitation, and advocating for sector policy reform. They are widely recognized as one of the international humanitarian organizations that has made consistent and high-quality contributions to the sector in Tajikistan.
  • SDC – has a lead role supporting the water supply sector. Activities include promoting policy dialogue with relevant ministries, with the goal of leading to sector-wide reforms; encouraging networking of relevant organisations; and piloting a model to sustainably expand piped water access in rural access that includes setting up a District Trust Fund. SDC’s efforts include an on-going project (started in 2008) in rural Sughd Oblast rehabilitating a defunct water system and building new ones.
  • UNDP – In the past, UNDP largely focused on “hard” infrastructure projects for rural WSS damaged during the civil war, through which it received funding from the European Commission Human Affairs Funds. However, the funding dried up in 2007, and since, UNDP has taken a more “soft” approach, focusing on capacity development. Today, a significant amount of UNDP’s work in the water sector is implemented through its Communities Programme, which focuses on 3 strategic areas: Transforming Livelihoods, Redistributing Responsibilities and Overcoming Mountains . Since its beginning in 2004, the focus of projects has shifted from infrastructure, to health/hygiene practices on realisation rebuilding infrastructure alone was insufficient, to water disease morbidity monitoring, to capacity building of owners and most recently has involved the SDC joint funded “Water Collaboration project”. In touching all levels of decision-making, the latter has been very successful. The project is due for completion in September 2009, but the next phase to begin in early 2010 is currently being designed, including a HRBA/GoAL Wash component. UNDP has had great success in utilising mobile theatres at the Jamoat level , operated by UNDP set up Jamoat Resource Centres, to penetrate important messages into rural areas . UNDP’s work on Human Rights included the project “Enhancing Peace and Promoting Human Rights in Tajikistan” which ended in 2008, and included broad human rights education in secondary schools, yet not specifically related to the ‘Right to Water’. Over the last 2 years, in collaboration with OHCHR, UNDP have also been working to establish an Ombudsman in Tajikistan and create an adequate legal framework.
  • UNICEF - has led the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector for numerous years in Tajikistan. In this role, they have periodically convened government, donors and international humanitarian organizations working in the sector and conducted evaluations of the sector. However, they have not played a particularly key role of late, and their field activities (hygiene promotion and latrine construction in schools) form only a sub-component of their education programme.
  • USAID - has supported many water and sanitation activities as part of its humanitarian assistance in recent years. Currently, the primary project contributing to increased access to improved water supply is the Local Governance Community Participation Programme (LGPC). The Urban Institute is implementing this project that provides training and technical assistance, and funds (using small grants of $20,000 or less) basic water supply systems in rural areas. The project also helps improve solid waste management in both cities and towns. Urban Institute performs hydraulic modelling of distribution systems and uses modern leak detection equipment to identify leaks and focus repairs in village water systems.
  • World Bank - The Bank is one of the main sponsors of efforts to improve water supply and sanitation in urban areas. Besides their on-going grant support for improvements of the Dushanbe Vodokanal, they currently support a $15 million grant programme for 11 cities in the 20,000 to 50,000 population range. The project has two primary components, physical improvements (pipeline replacement, furnishing vehicles and equipment, leak detection and repair), and institutional strengthening of the vodokanals in each city.

Annex 2. Progress of the programme to increase the number of persons with access to potable water (2008-2020), December 25th 2008

References

See also

Tajikistan/sector assessment

External Resources

Attachments

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