The Rights to Water and Sanitation in Regional Law


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edit  ·  Toolkit Human Rights-Based Approach (HRBA) to Water Governance
UNDP Regional HRBA to Water Programme for Europe & CIS

Detailed documentation: Background | Regional aspects | Regional Programme | Methodology
PHASE 1: Checklist (Bosnia and Herzegovina | Georgia | Moldova | Tajikistan | Turkey | Ukraine)
PHASE 2: Country Sector Assessments and Proposed Projects (Bosnia and Herzegovina | Tajikistan | Kosovo | Serbia) | Bibliography

Legal Framework: The Rights to Water and Sanitation in International Law | Regional Law | National Law
WaterWiki-resources:Rights to Water and Sanitation: A Handbook for Activists | UN Human Rights Council Resolution on Water and Sanitation | UN Recognises Access to Clean Water as a Basic Human Right | Human Rights-Based Approach | Applying a HRBA to Water:A Case Study | Water-related Legislation and Conventions | The Right to Water - WHO Publication | A UN Convention on the Right to Water - An Idea Whose Time Has Come | International Conference on the Right to Water and Sanitation in Theory and Practice | Q&A: The Right to Water | General Comment 15 (2002) | Q&A: Water Governance | Water and Health | Equitable Access to Water and Human Rights | European Union Water Framework Directive | Essay: What exactly is “The Right to Water”? | Protocol on Water and Health | Protocol on Water and Health/Q&A | Lessons Learned From Rights-Based Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region | Human Rights-Based Approach Strategies adopted by UNICEF Laos | Utility Privatisation through the Lens of Human Rights | The Right to Water - From Concept to Implementation | The Human Right to Water:Translating Theory into Practice | Report of the Seminar on Human Rights and MDGs, May 2009
External resources: HRBA and Water Governance Fast Facts - UNDP | Applying a HRBA to Developing Cooperation and Programming (UNDP, 2006) | COHRE Manual on the Right to Water and Sanitation | Protocol on Water and Health - Full Document) | COHRE Monitoring Implementation of the Right to Water: A Framework for Developing Indicators | Sub-commission guidelines for the realisation of the right to drinking water and sanitation (2005) | UNFPA - A HRBA to Programming, Practical Implementation Manual and Training Materials (2010) | Operational Guidelines for Implementing a Rights-Based Approach in Water and Sanitation Programming (CoHRE,2008) | COHRE Monitoring Implementation of the Right to Water: A Framework for Developing Indicators | FAQs on a HRBA to Development Cooperation | The Human Rights-Based Approach to Development - The Right to Water | UN Independent Expert Report on the issue of human rights obligations related to water and sanitation 2009 | UN Independent Expert Report on MDGs and right to water and sanitation 2010
Websites: The Rights to Water and Sanitation Information Portal | UN Independent Expert on Right to Water and Sanitation Webpage

Besides international law, regional treaties provide additional human rights protection. The following lists pieces of legislation from differing regions of the globe that recognise either the right to water or the right to sanitation.


Regional Law on The Right to Water and Sanitation

  • 2001 - European Charter on Water Resources - adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe. Article 5 confirms that everyone has the right to a sufficient quantity of water for his or her basic needs.
  • 1990 - African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child - This treaty is part of the African Union. Article 14 confirms that every child has the right to enjoy the highest attainable state of physical, mental, and spiritual health. It defines State obligations as pursuing the full realization of this right, including taking measures to ensure the provision of adequate nutrition and safe drinking water.
  • 1961 - European Social Charter - Article 11 of this charter confirms that the right to the protection of health obligates State Parties to remove as far as possible the causes of ill health. This clearly necessitates the provision of safe water.
  • 1950 - European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms - This European treaty for the protection of human rights defines the right to life in Article 2. The right to water is not explicitly defined within this Covenant but as water is vital for human life, and both unsafe water and lack of sanitation are the world’s biggest killers, the right to life cannot be ensured without the full recognition of these rights.


See also


A Human Rights-Based Approach (HRBA) to Improve Water Governance in Europe & CIS

The Rights to Water and Sanitation in International Law

The Rights to Water and Sanitation in National Law

External Resources


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