Turkey

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Turkey is part of:
Balkans · Caucasus · Europe & CIS · South East Europe · Western Asia ·
Water Basins of Turkey:
Asi-Orontes · Black Sea · Coruh · Kura-Araks · Maritsa · Nahr El Kebir · Rezvaya · Tigris-Euphrates-Shatt al Arab · Velaka ·
Facts & Figures edit
flag_Turkey.png
Capital Ankara
Neighbouring Countries Azerbaijan, Armenia, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Syria
Total Area 780,580 km2
  - Water 9,820 km2 (1.26%) / 126 m2/ha
  - Land 770,760 km2
Coastline 7,200 km
Population 70,586,256 (93 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.798 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA 43.6 (1995)
Nominal GDPB $798,900 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $12,900
National UN Presence FAO, UNDP, UNHCR, WHO, UNICEF, WB, UNIDO
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 255,893 km2 (33.2%)
     - Arable 229,764 km2 (29.81%)
     - Permanent Crops 26,129 km2 (3.39%)
     - Irrigated 52,150 km2
  - Non cultivated 514,868 km2 (66.8%)
Average Annual RainfallD 593 mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE 234 km3
Water WithdrawalsF 37.53 km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use 74%
  - For Domestic Use 15%
  - For Industrial Use 11%
  - Per Capita 550 m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 96%
     - Urban population 98%
     - Rural population 93%
  - Improved Sanitation 88%
     - Urban population 96%
     - Rural population 72%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

Contents

News

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 as the secular successor state of the Ottoman Empire by Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk, or "Father of the Turks." Turkey is strategically located in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea (between Bulgaria and Georgia) and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea (between Greece and Syria). Turkey's dynamic economy is a complex mix of modern industry and commerce along with a traditional agriculture sector that in 2004 still accounted for more than 35% of employment. It has a strong and rapidly growing private sector, yet the state still plays a major role in basic industry, banking, transport, and communication. A major political and economic issue over the next decade is whether or not Turkey will become a member of the EU. Turkey has complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes with Greece in the Aegean Sea while Syria and Iraq protest Turkish hydrological projects to control upper Euphrates waters

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

Contrary to the general belief, Turkey is not a country abundant in water resources. The availability of water per capita in Turkey is only about one fifth of that of the water rich countries of North America and Western Europe.

Turkey is situated between three major bodies of water on each side: the Black Sea in the North, the Mediterranean Sea in the South and the Aegean Sea in the West. The climate is generally semi-arid and precipitation figures exhibit great variation throughout the country. Turkey's territory is divided into 26 drainage basins. However, the rivers often have irregular regimes and natural flows cannot generally be considered as usable resources. Total annual rainfall yields 501 billion cubic meters of water in Turkey. Only 186 billion cubic meters of this amount forms the surface run-off. Due to technical and economic reasons merely 98 billion cubic meters can be put to economic use. This is supplemented by a further 12 billion cubic meters of underground water. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers which originate in the high mountains of north-eastern Anatolia account for about 28.5 percent of Turkey's total surface water flow.

There are 1149 dams in Turkey. 203 of those are major dams and the rest are small to medium in size. These dams and other small reservoirs have allowed Turkey to store water during brief seasons of rainfall and then to use it throughout the year for irrigation, energy, drinking and sanitation. Thanks to the multipurpose water infrastructures built by Turkey, even during droughts, it has been possible to release sufficient amounts of water to downstream countries. In the Turkish Constitution, natural properties and resources are under the disposal of the State

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

Articles

Recently updated articles on Turkey
  1. Turkey HDR 2004 - Information and Communication Technologies 2004 ‎(3,413 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Turkey/articles ‎(1,205 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Turkey/projects ‎(1,476 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Turkey/publications ‎(1,733 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Turkey/who is who ‎(1,228 views) . . WikiBot
  6. Turkey/Maps ‎(1,055 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Situation in the new EU-Member/Neighbour States ‎(6,306 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Turkey

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Turkey

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

  1. Promoting Replication of Good Practices for Nutrient Reduction and Joint Collaboration in Central and Eastern Europe ‎(2,938 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Regional Partnership for Prevention of Transboundary Degradation of the Kura-Aras River ‎(3,489 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Water Supply and Usage Improvement in Saray, Turkey ‎(2,538 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Supporting Mediterranean Monk Seal friendly traditional fishing in Samandag (Hatay), Turkey ‎(2,139 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Roof Top Water harvesting in Beypazari, Turkey ‎(2,794 views) . . WikiBot
  6. International Black Sea Day ‎(3,917 views) . . WikiBot
  7. Integrated River Basin Management in the Maritsa River Basin ‎(2,495 views) . . WikiBot
  8. Control of eutrophication, hazardous substances and related measures for rehabilitating the Black Sea ecosystem ‎(7,798 views) . . WikiBot
  9. Capacity and Community Building for Industrial Water Stewardship in the Danube/Black Sea region ‎(3,371 views) . . WikiBot
  10. Reducing Transboundary Degradation in the Kura/Aras River Basin ‎(9,035 views) . . WikiBot


Case studies in or about Turkey

(by popularity)

  1. Turkey - Promotion of Drip Irrigation in Sugar Beet Production ‎(33,193 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Turkey - Sustainable Fishing and Consumption of Pearl Mullet ‎(23,324 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Turkey - Environmentally, Socially and Economically Sustainable Salt Extraction in Palas lake ‎(20,413 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Facing Water Challenges in Istanbul ‎(16,446 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Turkey

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on Turkey
  1. Turkey Freshwater Country Profile ‎(4,149 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Turkey Country Profile for the Johannesburg Summit 2002 ‎(3,603 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Turkey Millennium Development Goals Report ‎(3,243 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Country Evaluation: Assessment of Development Results Turkey ‎(3,136 views) . . WikiBot
  5. The Case of the Water Framework Directive and Irrigation in Mediterranean Agriculture ‎(2,008 views) . . WikiBot


5 most popular publications on Turkey
  1. Turkey Freshwater Country Profile ‎(4,149 views) . . Katy.norman
  2. Turkey Country Profile for the Johannesburg Summit 2002 ‎(3,603 views) . . Katy.norman
  3. Turkey Millennium Development Goals Report ‎(3,243 views) . . Katy.norman
  4. Country Evaluation: Assessment of Development Results Turkey ‎(3,136 views) . . WikiBot
  5. The Case of the Water Framework Directive and Irrigation in Mediterranean Agriculture ‎(2,008 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Turkey

Who is Who

People working in Turkey
  1. Mary.Matthews ‎(1,255 views)
  2. Yegor.volovik ‎(4,899 views)
  3. Tim.turner ‎(5,160 views)
  4. Hansin.dogan ‎(1,550 views)
  5. Yesim.baktir ‎(592 views)
  6. Katalin.zaim ‎(4,195 views)
  7. Bilgi.bulus ‎(1,686 views)
  8. Uğur Metiner ‎(2,351 views)
  9. Ozge Gokce ‎(2,626 views)
  10. Mustafa Sari ‎(4,027 views)


See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Turkey

Organizations working in Turkey

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See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Turkey

References

See also

External Resources

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