United Nations

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Name of Organization

The United Nations (UN)

Part of / Sub-organizations

Focus Areas

Peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, sustainable development

Geographic Scope



UN Headquarters, First Avenue at 46th Street, New York, NY 10017

Telephone Dept of Public Information, +1 212-963-4475

Fax Dept of Public Information: +1 212-963-0071

E-mail Dept of Public Information, inquiries@un.org

Organization Websites



In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Organization officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October.

The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends.

The six principal organs of the United Nations, are the: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice and Secretariat. The United Nations family, however, is much larger, encompassing 15 agencies and several programmes and bodies.

The budget for the two years 2000-2001 is $2,535 million. The main source of funds is the contributions of Member States, which are assessed on a scale approved by the General Assembly.

Key Resources

See also complete list of WaterWiki-documented United Nations-Publications

Work on the Ground

See also complete list of WaterWiki-documented United Nations-Projects


See also

External Resources


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