UNDP & Energy for Sustainable Development

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Publication Title

UNDP & Energy for Sustainable Development

Publication Type

UNDP Report


Susan McDade,Manager
Sustainable Energy Programme
Fax +1 212 906 5148

Frank Pinto, Executive Co-ordinator

Fax +1 212 906 6998

Publication Date

December 2004


Publication URL




Increased access to reliable and affordable energy services is a critical factor for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).These goals were adopted by the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000 to focus attention on the most pressing global deve l o p m e nt needs. Foremost among them is the commitment to reduce by half the proportion of people in the world living on less than a dollar a day, with a target date of 2015.The other MDGs set targets for increasing primary education, promoting gender equality and empowering women, improving health conditions, and ensuring environmental sustainability.

Although there is no specific MDG relating to energy, it will be impossible to achieve the MDGs without improving the quality and quantity of energy services in the developing world. In fact, access to energy services affects practically all aspects of sustainable development, including access to water, agricultural productivity, population levels,healthcare, education, job creation, gender equality and climate change impacts.More than 2 billion people suffer from energy constraints that limit their opportunities for economic development and improved standards of living.Women and children are disproportionately affected by smoke from open indoor fires, and by the burdens of responsibility for gathering increasingly scarce traditional fuels. Affordable, more efficient and cleaner energy sources are needed in many parts of the world for cooking and heating. Access to mechanical power is also needed for income- producingactivities.

In 2002, the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) brought discussions on energy to the forefront of global debate. The Plan of Implementation adopted at the summit made specific recommendations linking access to reliable and affordable energy services with efforts to eradicate poverty. The plan also emphasized the importance of producing, distributing and consuming energy in ways that support sustainable development and protect the world’s natural resource base. Energy was, for the first time in an intergovernmental process, directly linked to the MDGs.

To meet sustainable development objectives, conventional approaches to energy must be reoriented to promote energy efficiency, renewable energy,and cleaner fossil fuels technologies.


Energy and the Millennium Development Goals
Energy Partnerships for Sustainable Development
UNDP’s Approach to Energy
Overview of UNDP’s Energy Activities
UNDP’s Energy Portfolio by Priority Areas - Operational Trends
Advocacy, Analysis and Knowledge Management


See also

External Resources


 UNDP energy brochure.pdf

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