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Name United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
Logo Image:Unido.gif
Geographic Scope Developing countries and countries in transition
Subject Focus Expertise Sustainable industrial growth
Contact E-mail: unido@unido.org
URL http://www.unido.org/
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The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), established in 1966, helps developing countries and countries with economies in transition in their fight against marginalization in today's globalized world. It mobilizes knowledge, skills, information and technology to promote productive employment, a competitive economy and a sound environment. UNIDO holds a special place in the United Nations system as it is the only organization promoting the creation of wealth and tackling poverty alleviation through manufacturing. The Organization focuses on three inter-related thematic priorities:

  • Poverty Reduction through Productive Activities - This programme aims to increase economic growth, create employment, generate income and reduce economic and social disparities.
  • Trade Capacity-Building - The overall objective of this programme is to ensure that the competitive supply capacities of developing countries and countries in transition and their standards and conformity assessment infrastructure meet the requirements of global markets.
  • Energy and Environment - This programme aims to reduce environmental impacts through the increased use of renewable energies and the adoption of clean and environmentally sustainable processes and technologies. Water management is one of the key thematic components of this programme.

To improve standards of living through industries that are both internationally competitive and environmentally sustainable, the Organization has created the largest portfolio of projects related to trade capacity building in the United Nations system. The main focus is on promoting growth in the small and medium enterprise sector - the key generator of wealth in most developing countries. UNIDO plays a leading role in, among others, the implementation of the Montreal Protocol for the elimination of ozone depleting substances (ODS) and the Stockholm Convention for the elimination of persistent organic pollutants (POPs).

UNIDO's mission is to promote sustainable industrial development in countries with developing and transition economies, so as to help developing countries and countries with economies in transition in their fight against marginalization in today's globalized world. To this effect, UNIDO combines the joint forces of government and the private sector to foster competitive industrial production, develop international industrial partnerships and promote socially equitable and environmentally friendly industrial development.


UNIDO's water management services provide for the transfer of best available EST to prevent discharges of industrial effluents into international waters (rivers, lakes, wetlands and coastal areas) and thereby protect water resources for future generations. They are consistent with the resolutions of the WSSD to "encourage the application by 2010 of the ecosystem approach, noting the Reykjavik Declaration on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem and decision 5/6 of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity". UNIDO's portfolio of ecosystem-based projects aims at achieving the WSSD's target of "restor[ing] depleted fisheries by the year 2015", by reducing industrial pollution of coastal areas. The services focus on specific sectors, inter alia, mining, agro-industries, and chemicals.

Key Resources

See also complete list of WaterWiki-documented UNIDO-Publications


Source:UNIDO website
  • Small Hydropower:Clean Renewable Water power
  • Analysis of financing models for small hydropower plants on the basis of case studies:Feasibility of CDM as a financing model Case study Ethiopia (2006) - There is a clear commitment from the Government of Ethiopia to expand electricity coverage in rural areas. Furthermore, the country has abundant, cheap, and environmentally friendly hydro resources, whose potential has been estimated at more than 30,000 MW. To help finance the expansion of the power sector, the government is encouraging private investors to develop and operate hydropower projects. However, the interest of the private sector in making substantial investments in power generation has not yet materialized.
  • Industrious Africa:Selected UNIDO porjects in Africa (2008 - Africa is a rich continent, not of course in terms of per capita income or GDP but in terms of natural resources. In the not so distant past, many of these natural resources served to help other parts of the world up the industrial ladder with little or no benefit to the people of Africa. Other resources have still to be fully exploited. UNIDO’s task is to enable African nations to harness their resources in order to speed up their industrial growth and subsequent integration into the world economy...
  • Towards Pro-Poor Sustainable Industrial Development:A Shared Vision for UNIDO - Upon joining UNIDO in 1996, I found an organization in crisis, seeking a new raison d’être and facing serious questions about its relevance in the post-Cold War era. As Special Advisor to the Director-General and Director of the Africa and LDCs Bureau in 1996-1997, I was called to play a leading role in redefining UNIDO’s mandate within the framework of the new Business Plan agreed by the Member States in 1997. UNIDO has proceeded to streamline its operations, redefine and focus its programmes...

Click Here for all thematic/programme evaluation reports.
Click Here for all UNIDO publications on Energy and Climate Change.
Click Here for all publications on Environmental Management.
View ALL UNIDO publications here.

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Work on the Ground

Integrated Programmes

Integrated programmes are packages of mutually supportive service modules designed to help overcome the critical industrial development problems of a country at the national level or those of a particular geographic area within a country. No specific information on water found but it may be incorporated within individual country programmes.

The services provided by UNIDO seek in particular to achieve a sustainable usage of water resources and to minimize the generation of effluents. These services will assist industries in developing countries and countries with economies in transition to comply with and/or go beyond environmental standards while enhancing their competitiveness in global and local markets. Capacity building will be provided at the enterprise level, with the primary impact on the management and operational segments of the business, and will place particular emphasis on:

  • Material efficiency strategies (focusing on exploring the preventive potential for the reduction of pollution at source, followed by the less effective strategies of recycling and also of minimized end of pipe solutions if necessary);
  • Innovative solutions (tools selected and introduced on the basis of an initial review);
  • The use of integrated pollution prevention and control approaches (including waste management best practices and protection of the environment as the whole) and best available technologies (BAT);
  • The allocation of environmental costs to their sources (Environmental Management Accounting); and
  • Analyzing problems in their economic, social and environmental complexity.

Other WaterWiki documented UNIDO projects


See also

External Resources


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