Vanuatu

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Vanuatu is part of:
Asia & Pacific · Pacific Islands ·
Water Basins of Vanuatu:
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Facts & Figures edit
flag_Vanuatu.png
Capital Port Vila
Neighbouring Countries Solomon Islands, Fiji
Total Area 12,200 km2
  - Water 0 km2 (0.00%) / 0 m2/ha
  - Land 12,200 km2
Coastline 2,528 km
Population 211,367 (17.3 inhab./km2)
HDIA 0.686 (2007)
Gini CoefficientA n/a (1995)
Nominal GDPB $560 million
GDP (PPP) Per CapitaB $4,700
National UN Presence
Land UseC
  - Cultivated Land 1,050 km2 (8.61%)
     - Arable 200 km2 (1.64%)
     - Permanent Crops 850 km2 (6.97%)
     - Irrigated km2
  - Non cultivated 11,150 km2 (91.39%)
Average Annual RainfallD mm
Renewable Water ResourcesE km3
Water WithdrawalsF km3/yr
  - For Agricultural Use n/a
  - For Domestic Use n/a
  - For Industrial Use n/a
  - Per Capita m3
Population with safe access to
  - Improved Water Source 60%
     - Urban population 86%
     - Rural population 52%
  - Improved Sanitation 50%
     - Urban population 78%
     - Rural population 42%
References & Remarks
A UNDP Human Development Report
B CIA World Factbook and Wikipedia
C CIA World Factbook Country Profiles
D Aquastat - FAO's Information System on Water and Agriculture
E CIA World Factbook
F Earthtrends

> Articles | Projects & Case studies | Publications & Web resources | Who is who | Maps
> Sector Assessment | Sector Coordination | Donor Profile

Latest 4 maps for / including Vanuatu (more..):

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Contents

News

Country Profile: Climate, Geography, Socio-Economic Context

Country Profile: Water Bodies and Resources

In Vanuatu, both ground and surface water are used for domestic purposes. In urban areas the main water source is shallow aquifers whereas in rural areas various sources are used such as bores, wells, springs, rivers and rainwater catchments.


Urban water supplies are provided by UNELCO (a private company) in Port Vila and Public Works in Luganville, Isangel and Lakatoro. All rural supplies are donor-funded and designed and delivered by either the drilling section or rural water supply (within DGMWR). Rural water supplies are operated and managed by the local community.

Country Profile: Legal and Institutional Environment

Country Profile: Water Sector Coordination

See Sector coordination sub-page for detailed description

Country Profile: Trends in Water Use, Management and Sanitation

Country Profile: Challenges and Opportunities

Demands and competing uses of water

Where water extraction is monitored because it is provided as a reticulated supply, then there is some knowledge and observation of the aquifer. In both Port Vila and Luganville aquifers are under increasing pressure from housing, agriculture and other developments. Outside of the demands of the reticulated supply, no formal assessment has been made of demand or impacts of competing use.

Groundwater quality and quantity

Information on ground water in Vanuatu is sporadic and mostly focused on Port Vila and Luganville. Groundwater quality in both urban centres of Port Vila and Luganville is generally good with only calcium hardness to note. Neither water supply currently requires treatment other than chlorination. However, in both cases aquifer levels are thought to be decreasing while pumping demands are increasing.

Surface water quality and quantity

Information on ground water in Vanuatu is sporadic and mostly focused on Port Vila and Luganville. Groundwater quality in both urban centres of Port Vila and Luganville is generally good with only calcium hardness to note. Neither water supply currently requires treatment other than chlorination. However, in both cases aquifer levels are thought to be decreasing while pumping demands are increasing.

Pollution

Scabies, skin diseases and malaria are water related diseases and are the three most common health issues in Vanuatu. Poor drainage and waste management provide pools of water that are favourable breeding sites for malaria mosquito. Unmanaged and uncontrolled sanitation and wastewater are also major concerns.

Articles

Recently updated articles on Vanuatu
  1. Vanuatu/who is who ‎(728 views) . . WikiBot
  2. Vanuatu/Maps ‎(501 views) . . WikiBot
  3. Vanuatu/articles ‎(872 views) . . WikiBot
  4. Vanuatu/projects ‎(557 views) . . WikiBot
  5. Vanuatu/publications ‎(652 views) . . WikiBot


See the complete list of WaterWiki articles on Vanuatu

Projects and Case Studies

Projects in or about Vanuatu

(this is a list of the 15 most recently updated entries. To see all projects click here)

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Case studies in or about Vanuatu

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See the complete list of WaterWiki documented projects in Vanuatu

Publications

5 most recently updated publications on Vanuatu
  1. National IWRM Diagnostic Report Vanuatu ‎(1,931 views) . . Katy.norman


5 most popular publications on Vanuatu
  1. National IWRM Diagnostic Report Vanuatu ‎(1,931 views) . . Katy.norman


See the complete list of WaterWiki documented publications on Vanuatu

Who is Who

People working in Vanuatu
  1. Leah Nimoho ‎(2,822 views)


See the complete list of Waterwiki users working in Vanuatu

Organizations working in Vanuatu

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See the complete list of WaterWiki documented organizations in Vanuatu

References

See also

External Resources

Attachments

 NationalIWRMDiagnosticReportVanuatu.pdf

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